Vladislav
Loza Nemanjica Decani d 3 2.jpg
Vladislav at Dečani (frescoes finished in 1350).
King of Syrmia
Reign1316-1325
Coronation1316
PredecessorStefan Dragutin
Born1280
Died1325
SpouseConstanza Morosini
HouseNemanjić dynasty
FatherStefan Dragutin
MotherCatherine of Hungary
ReligionSerbian Orthodox

Vladislav (Serbian Cyrillic: Владислав;[a] 1280–1326) was the King of Syrmia from 1316 to 1325, and claimant to the Serbian Kingdom.

He was the son of Stefan Dragutin, who had ruled Serbia until 1282, when he became ill and abdicated, giving the superior rule to his younger brother Stefan Milutin. Dragutin continued to rule the royal domain of Syrmia, which was later inherited by Vladislav.

Early life

Born around 1270, Vladislav was the eldest son of the Crown Prince of Serbia, Stefan Dragutin, and Catherine of Hungary.[1] Shortly before Vladislav's birth, Dragutin was awarded with the title of "junior king" in token of his right to succeed his father, Stefan Uroš I.[2] Vladislav became the new heir to the Serbian throne after Dragutin dethroned his father with Hungarian assistance in 1276.[3] A riding accident forced Dragutin to abdicate in favor of his younger brother, Milutin, in the spring of 1282, but he could retain the northern regions of Serbia as a separate realm.[4] The Byzantine historian, George Pachymeres, recorded that the right of one of Dragutin's two sons (Vladislav or Urošica) to succeed Milutin was also confirmed.[5]

Vladislav's maternal cousin, Charles Martel of Anjou, who had laid claim to Hungary, awarded Vladislav with Slavonia and granted him the title of duke, implying that Vladislav and his father supported Charles Martel against Andrew III of Hungary in the early 1290s.[6] Charles Martel's father, Charles II of Naples, confirmed the grant on 19 August 1292.[6] Dragutin and Vladislav sought reconciliation with Andrew III.[6] In 1293, Vladislav married Constance who was a granddaughter of the king's maternal uncle, Albertino Morosini.[7]

Milutin made steps to appoint his eldest son, Stefan Konstantin, as his heir from around 1306.[8] He even approached Pope Clement V and offered the union of the Serbian Orthodox Church with Rome in return for the confirmation of Stefan Konstantin's right to succeed him.[9]

During the Hungarian throne fight between the Árpád (Andrew III) and Anjou in 1290–91, Dragutin and his son Vladislav joined Charles Martel of Anjou, who was the titular Hungarian king since 1292.[10] That year Vladislav, for faithful service to Anjou, was given the Banate of Slavonia, except estates held by the Frankopan and Babonić families.[10] However, support to Charles Martel ended in 1293 after Vladislav married Costanza Morosini, the niece of Andrew III.[10] Andrew III died in 1301 and was succeeded by Charles Robert, however, the Hungarian throne fight continued.[10]

After King Dragutin died in 1316, Vladislav succeeded him as ruler of the Kingdom of Syrmia, but the king of Serbia, Stefan Milutin, his uncle, defeated him and imprisoned him.

The image of Vladislav on a coin.

When Milutin died in 1321, the newly freed Vladislav got to rule the lands of his father, with the help of the Hungarians, the Bulgarians, the Bosnian Ban and the Šubić family.[citation needed] The rule, according to law, was to be given to Vladislav.[11]

Tsar Michael Asen III of Bulgaria, newly in conflict with Vladislav's cousin Stefan Dečanski, the successor of Milutin, started to support Vladislav as the rightful monarch of whole Serbia, but this support showed insufficient. After having been beaten again by supporters of Stefan Dečanski, he retreated to the Kingdom of Hungary in 1324. Vladislav's sororal nephew Stephen II, Ban of Bosnia, then started to rule Vladislav's lands in Bosnia (Soli and Usora), and around Lower Syrmia where long battles between Serbs and Hungarians were frequent.

Vladislav was married to Constanza Morosini, niece of Andrew III of Hungary.

Ancestry

Annotations

  1. ^ He is sometimes numbered as Vladislav II or Stefan Vladislav II (Стефан Владислав II).

References

  1. ^ Krstić 2016, p. 33.
  2. ^ Krstić 2016, pp. 33–34.
  3. ^ Krstić 2016, p. 34.
  4. ^ Krstić 2016, pp. 34, 37.
  5. ^ Krstić 2016, p. 36.
  6. ^ a b c Krstić 2016, p. 39.
  7. ^ Krstić 2016, pp. 39–40.
  8. ^ Krstić 2016, p. 40.
  9. ^ Krstić 2016, p. 41.
  10. ^ a b c d Fajfrić 2000, 26. Помирење са Византијом.
  11. ^ Spomenik. 36. 1900. p. 104. Од краља Драгутина чији син Владислав требао је по закону да на “ следи престо краља Милутина, Владислав син Драгутинов, а не слепи искључени из наследства Стефан Урош Дечански, који је прогнао законитог краља ...
  12. ^ Ancestors of Elisabeth of Serbia[better source needed]

Sources

  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-631-20471-7.
  • Fine, John V. A. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5.
  • Krstić, Aleksandar (2016). "The rival and the vassal of Charles Robert of Anjou: King Vladislav II Nemanjić". Banatica. 26 (II): 33–51. ISSN 1222-0612.
  • Vásáry, István (2005). Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185–1365. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-83756-1.

Further reading

  • Fajfrić, Željko (2000) [1998], Sveta loza Stefana Nemanje, Belgrade: Janus; Rastko
  • Stanojević, Stanoje (1936). Kralj Dragutin. Belgrade: Geca Kon.
  • Ljub. Andrejević (1898). Srpski kraljevski presto i pitanje o njegovom nasledstvu: od ostavke kralja Stefana Dragutina do pobede kralja Stefana Uroša III, nad kraljem Vladislavom II : istoriska rasprava. Štamp. D. Dimitrijevića.
  • Јелена Мргић; Тибор Живковић (2008). Северна Босна: 13-16. век. Историјски институт.
  • Младен Лесковац; Александар Форишковић; Чедомир Попов (2004). Српски биографски речник. Будућност.

External links

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Stefan Dragutin
King of Syrmia
1316–1325
Succeeded by
annexation
Stefan Dečanski
as King of All Serbia