Stokke

Summary

Stokke
Fv560StokkeveienBorgeveienXE18.jpg
Coordinates: 59°14′24″N 10°16′15″E / 59.24000°N 10.27083°E / 59.24000; 10.27083Coordinates: 59°14′24″N 10°16′15″E / 59.24000°N 10.27083°E / 59.24000; 10.27083
Area
 • Total118 km2 (46 sq mi)
 • Land116 km2 (45 sq mi)
Area rank375
Population
 (2004)
 • Total9,985
 • Rank101
 • Density86/km2 (220/sq mi)

Stokke is a town in Sandefjord municipality in Vestfold County, Norway. It lies in-between Sandefjord and Tønsberg, two of Vestfold's largest cities.[1][2] It was a municipality from 1838 to 2016. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Stokke, while minor villages were Vear, Melsomvik, Storevar, and Valberg.

On 1 January 2017, the municipality, along with Andebu, became a part of Sandefjord municipality. The village of Vear was transferred from Stokke to neighboring Tønsberg on the same day.[3] The town of Stokke was home to 3,391 inhabitants as of 2016.[4] The decision to merge into Sandefjord was part of a nationwide municipal reform by the Solberg Cabinet. 77.8 percent of Stokke residents voted to merge into Sandefjord during the September 2015 elections.[5]

General information

Stokke's former coat of arms.

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Stokke farm (Old Norse: Stokkar), since the first church was built here. The name is the plural form of stokkr which means "log". (This is probably referring to some hills/ridges near the churchsite.)[6][7]

Coat-of-arms

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 13 January 1984. The arms are canting since stokker means "sticks" or "logs". The arms show three gold-colored tree trunks on a red background.[8][9]

History

16,000 artifacts have been recorded at Brunstad in Stokke, mostly tools out of flint but also roughly sixty hearths. The first recorded grave from Mesolithic times is also found here and dated to 5900 BCE.[10]

Municipal history

Kv1126Anholtveien.jpg

The municipality of Stokke was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Two islands were later transferred from the municipality of Stokke to the neighboring municipality of Nøtterøy: Håøya, (in 1901) and Veierland (in 1964).[11]

Relatively few Stokke residents read Sandefjords Blad, the main newspaper of Sandefjord, and few residents reside or work in Sandefjord proper. The wealthiness of Sandefjord, however, was often used as an argument for the merge with Sandefjord. Its international airport Torp was also seen as a deciding factor for Stokke's decision to merge into Sandefjord. For the village of Vear, on the other hand, a majority of residents preferred a merge into neighboring Tønsberg. Consequentially, the village was transferred into Tønsberg on 1 January 2017, the day Stokke joined Sandefjord.[12] Vear is home to 2,500 residents as of 2016, which made up 22 percent of Stokke's total population prior to the merge.[13]

Sundås Fort

Gun pit at Sundåsbatteriet.

Remains of a fort, the Sundås battery, can be found across the Tønsberg Fjord from Håøya Island. The fortifications were constructed in the late 19th century during turbulent times with Sweden during the Union between Sweden and Norway. It was part of the newly established Norwegian Coastal Artillery ("Kystartilleriet"). The fort was erected to keep potential enemies from entering Tønsberg by sea, and was also meant to protect the Marine harbor in Melsomvik village. Work on the fort began in 1897, and the forts at both Håøya Island and Sundåsen were completed in 1899. Trenches, commando posts, fencing, concrete gun pits, and other remains from the fort can still be seen at Sundås. The fort lies by the Tønsberg Fjord with surrounding views of Færder Lighthouse and islands such as Håøya, Tjøme, Veierland, and Nøtterøy. The cannons were demolished by German forces in 1942 during the German occupation of Norway. The Norwegian Armed Forces remained in control of the fort from 1945 until 1962, when it became public property.[14][15][16]

Geography

Brussels sprouts field in Stokke.

Stokke municipality had a total area of 118 km2 and had a 14 km coastline along the Tønsbergfjord. Stokke is a town and a former municipality located within the municipality of Sandefjord in Vestfold County. The town of Stokke is located in-between the cities of Tønsberg and Sandefjord. However, Stokke is primarily a rural community and far smaller than its neighboring cities. It consists of a variety of recreation areas, including the Storås area, which includes lakes, rivers, historic sites, and an abundance of plant- and wildlife species. Another recreational site is located at Bogen, which also includes a beach and an art gallery. Other coastal communities include the villages of Vear, Melsomvik, and Storevar.[17] Islands include Langø, Ravnø, Gåsø, Gåsøkalven, Verjø, Tryteknatten, and others. Lakes include Akersvannet, Gjennestadvannet, Kulerødvannet, Fossnesdammen, and others. The former municipality bordered Andebu and Kodal in the west, Sandefjord in the south, the Tønsbergfjord in the east, and Tønsberg and Ramnes in the north.

Both the railway line Vestfold Line and the highway European Route E18 pass through the former municipality. Its highest point was Høgståsen at 175.6 meters. The village of Stokke is home to a nature preserve known as Bokemoa, a birch forest located on Raet.[18] The dense forest creates shade and a habitat for mushrooms; over 100 species of mushrooms have been recorded in Bokemoa, including species only found in birch tree forests.[19][20][21]

Panoramic view from Stokke.

Nature preserves

Nature preserves in Stokke include the island of Langø, Bokemoa, Melsomvik plant and wildlife preserve as well as the lakes Robergvannet and Akersvannet. Langø Island lies in the Tønsberg Fjord and is a car-free island consisting of meadows, knolls, salt meadows, small bays, and forests. It became a landscape conservation area in 2006. It is known for its wide variety of rare wildflowers including species such as sea thriftalternate-leaved golden-saxifrage, cowslip, greater yellow-rattle, sticky catchfly, and many others.[22]

Demographics

The annual population growth is twice as high as Vestfold County as a whole, and the expected life expectancy is higher than the county median. 13 percent of Stokke's population were first- or second-generation immigrants as of 2014.[23]

Transportation

European route E18 intersects the former municipality. Vestfoldbanen operates a railway station in the town of Stokke, Stokke Station, and Sandefjord Airport Torp is located on the former border to Sandefjord.

Recreation

Trail to Sundås Fort.

Hiking trails can be found at Trælsodden, Løke, Høgåsen, Grorudvannet, Feen, Furulund, Ramsum, and Borgeskogen. Coastal hiking paths make up a total of 14 km in former municipality.[24] Coastal hiking trails can be found in Melsomvik and also a trail connecting Storevar and Rakkevik.

A 3 km forest hike can be found at Løke, which is a popular forest for collecting mushrooms. A mountain trail is located by Høgåsen, the highest point in the former municipality with an elevation of 172 meters. The peak can be reached from two trails: from Langevann in Re or from Grorudvannet in Stokke. The shortest hike is from Grorudvannet.[25]

Trælsodden by the Tønsberg Fjord is home to several burial mounds as well as fortifications dated to World War II. Sandy beaches, diving boards and hiking trails can also be found at Trælsodden.[26] At Trælsodden are graves dated to the Iron Age. At the time, sea levels were 4–5 meters higher than today, and the graves were consequentially placed near the shoreline. A popular fishing site is located between Trælsodden and Brunstad. The trail goes by the municipal beach at Brunstad, immediately south of Oslofjord Convention Center. During summers, convenience stores and seafood restaurants are open at Brunstad. From Brunstad, the coastal path heads inwards and passes through the Himalayapark, a park offering tree climbing. The trail passes by a home built by singer Jahn Teigen, known as "Teigen's Pyramid". The trail reaches a beach before entering the boat harbor in Rakkevik. It is a 3.5 km hike from Storevar to Melsomvik, and a similar distance between Melsomvik and Brunstad.[27]

Wildlife

Brown bears were common until the 1850s, and until the early 1900s, a group of bears lived in the inner parts of Vestfold County. The last Brown bear shot in the county was in Lardal in 1916. The last bear to be shot in Stokke was around 1850 by Andreas Smitten of Russeltvet. A number of local place names derives from its former bears, including Bjønnemyra (Borgen), Bjønnestøkket (Bredholt), Bjønndal (Hauanlia), Bjønneleet (Nedre Anholt), and Bjønnelia (Askerød). Some place names also derive from the Gray wolf, including Ulvekula (Oserød) and Ulvehølet (Rørkollskogen). Other notable mammals in Stokke include the Red fox, European badger, European otter, European pine marten, Short-tailed weasel, European Lynx, Moose, Roe deer, Red deer, European beaver, Mountain hare, Red squirrel, European hedgehog, bats, mice, and rats.[28]

Points of interest

Notable people from Stokke

References

  1. ^ Larsen, Erlend (2016). Tre kommuner blir til én: Suksesskriteriene bak nye Sandefjord. E-forl. Page 86. ISBN 9788293057277.
  2. ^ Schandy, Tom and Tom Helgesen (2012). Naturperler i Vestfold. Forlaget Tom & Tom v/Schandy. Page 148. ISBN 9788292916148.
  3. ^ Indreiten, Aina Beate (18 December 2015). "Vear skal til Tønsberg". Nrk.no. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  4. ^ Lundbo, Sten; Mæhlum, Lars (10 April 2018). "Stokke". Great Norwegian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  5. ^ Larsen, Erlend (2016). Tre kommuner blir til én: Suksesskriteriene bak nye Sandefjord. E-forl. Page 165. ISBN 9788293057277.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1907). Norske gaardnavne: Jarlsberg og Larviks amt (in Norwegian) (6 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 179.
  7. ^ Schandy, Tom and Tom Helgesen (2012). Naturperler i Vestfold. Forlaget Tom & Tom v/Schandy. Page 148. ISBN 9788292916148.
  8. ^ Larsen, Erlend (2016). Tre kommuner blir til én: Suksesskriteriene bak nye Sandefjord. E-forl. Page 158. ISBN 9788293057277.
  9. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2009-01-14.
  10. ^ Gaute, R., Fredrikke, D., Sara, G., and Almut Schülke (2019). Brunstad i stokke, vestfold - et bosettingsområde fra rundt 6000 f.kr., med spor etter gjentatte besøk, grav og deponeringer. Viking (2019). Page 33. Retrieved on November 2, 2020, from https://doi.org/10.5617/viking.7115
  11. ^ Ormestad, Stian (31 December 2016). "Her går en god nabo gjennom 179 år over i historien". Reavisa.no. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  12. ^ Larsen, Erlend (2016). Tre kommuner blir til én: Suksesskriteriene bak nye Sandefjord. E-forl. Page 72. ISBN 9788293057277.
  13. ^ Larsen, Erlend (2016). Tre kommuner blir til én: Suksesskriteriene bak nye Sandefjord. E-forl. Pages 164-165. ISBN 9788293057277.
  14. ^ "Sundås". Forsvarsbygg.no. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  15. ^ "Sundåsen batteri". Kystfort.info. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  16. ^ "Sundåsen fort Stokke". Oslofjorden.com. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  17. ^ Bertelsen, Hans Kristian (1998). Bli kjent med Vestfold / Become acquainted with Vestfold. Stavanger Offset AS. Pages 114-115. ISBN 9788290636017.
  18. ^ "Naturbase faktaark". Faktaark.naturbase.no. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  19. ^ Gjerseth, Simen (2016). Nye Sandefjord. Liv forlag. Page 84. ISBN 9788283301137.
  20. ^ "Bokkemoa" (PDF). Fylker.miljostatus.no. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  21. ^ Schandy, Tom and Tom Helgesen (2012). Naturperler i Vestfold. Forlaget Tom & Tom v/Schandy. Page 152. ISBN 9788292916148.
  22. ^ Schandy, Tom and Tom Helgesen (2012). Naturperler i Vestfold. Forlaget Tom & Tom v/Schandy. Pages 148-151. ISBN 9788292916148.
  23. ^ Larsen, Erlend (2016). Tre kommuner blir til én: Suksesskriteriene bak nye Sandefjord. E-forl. Page 79. ISBN 9788293057277.
  24. ^ Larsen, Erlend (2011). På Tur i Vestfold del 2. E-forlag. Page 347. ISBN 9788293057222.
  25. ^ Larsen, Erlend (2011). På Tur i Vestfold del 2. E-forlag. Pages 122-124 and 243. ISBN 9788293057222.
  26. ^ "Disse 10 fotturene er de beste i Vestfold". Sandefjords Blad. 21 September 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  27. ^ Larsen, Erlend (2011). På Tur i Vestfold del 2. E-forlag. Pages 358-362. ISBN 9788293057222.
  28. ^ Christensen, Nils Steen (1979). Stokke bygdebok 1. Stokke kommune. Pages 303-310. Retrieved on August 12, 2021, from the National Library of Norway at https://urn.nb.no/URN:NBN:no-nb_digibok_2015042029001
  29. ^ Gjerseth, Simen (2016). Nye Sandefjord. Liv forlag. Page 84. ISBN 9788283301137.
  30. ^ "Stokke Bygdetun". Visitvestfold.com. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  31. ^ Gjerseth, Simen (2016). Nye Sandefjord. Liv forlag. Page 43. ISBN 9788283301137.
  32. ^ "Stokke Church". Visitvestfold.com. Retrieved 10 December 2018.

External links

  • Media related to Stokke at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of Stokke at Wiktionary
  • Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
  • Vestfold travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Stokke travel guide from Wikivoyage