Strela (rocket)

Summary

Strela
Strela rocket.png
The Strela carrier rocket
FunctionOrbital carrier rocket
ManufacturerNPO Mashinostroyeniya, JSC "Khartron", Ukraine (control system)[1]
Country of originRussia
Size
Height28.3 metres (93 ft)[2]
Diameter2.5 metres (8.2 ft)[2]
Mass105,000 kilograms (231,000 lb)[3]
Stages2
Capacity
Payload to LEO
Mass1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb)[3]
Associated rockets
FamilyUniversal Rocket
Launch history
StatusInactive
Launch sitesBaikonur Cosmodrome
Total launches3
Success(es)3
First flight5 December 2003
First stage
Diameter2.5 m (8.2 ft)[4]
Engines3 RD-0233 (15D95)
1 RD-0234(15D96)[5][6]
Thrust2,080 kN (470,000 lbf)[7][8]
Specific impulse310s[7]
Burn time120 seconds
PropellantN
2
O
4
/ UDMH
Second stage
Diameter2.5 m (8.2 ft)[4]
Engines1 RD-0235 (15D113)
1 RD-0236 (15D114)[5][6]
Thrust255.76 kN (57,500 lbf)[9][10]
Specific impulse310s[9]
Burn time180 seconds
PropellantN
2
O
4
/ UDMH
Third stage – APB (Agregatno-Priborny Otsek)[2]
Engines1 RD-0237[11]
Thrust4.90 kilonewtons (1,100 lbf)[11]
Specific impulse200 s sec[11]
PropellantN
2
O
4
/ UDMH
External images
image icon Strela launch vehicle launch 19.12.2014
image icon Strela launch vehicle launch 19.12.2014
image icon Strela launch vehicle launch 19.12.2014

Strela (Russian: Стрела, arrow) is a Russian orbital carrier rocket, derived from the Soviet/Russian UR-100NU missile. It conducted its maiden test launch on 5 December 2003, carried its first functional payload on 27 June 2013,[12] and a second one on 19 December 2014.[13][14]

Strela was originally planned to be launched from the Svobodny Cosmodrome, with test launches being conducted from existing UR-100 silos at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Svobodny was closed in 2007, without seeing any Strela launches. It is unclear whether a Strela launch complex will be incorporated into the Vostochny Cosmodrome, which is being built on the site of Svobodny.[citation needed]

Strela differs from the Rockot, which is also derived from the UR-100, in that it has undergone fewer modifications, such as the absence of an additional Briz-KM upper stage, as used on the Rockot. However it is equipped with a repurposed APB as upper stage, which was designed to deliver nuclear warheads. It is also launched from silos, whereas the Rockot is launched from flat pads.[citation needed]

Launch history

Date (UTC) Type Launch site Payload Payload type Outcome
5 December 2003, 06:00 Strela Ba LC175 Gruzomaket test launch Success
27 June 2013, 16:53 Strela Ba LC175 Kondor research satellite Success
19 December 2014, 04:43 Strela Ba LC175 Kondor-E research satellite Success

See also

References

  1. ^ "Control systems for intercontinental ballistic missiles and launch vehicles". JSC "Khartron". Archived from the original on 2010-02-05.
  2. ^ a b c Zak, Anatoly. "Strela launcher". RussianSpaceWeb.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  3. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "Strela". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2015-09-03.
  4. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly. "UR-100N Family". RussianSpaceWeb.com. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  5. ^ a b "RD-0233, RD-0234, RD-0235, RD-0236, RD-0237. Intercontinental ballistic missiles RS-18". KBKhA. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  6. ^ a b "Rockot Launch Vehicle". Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  7. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "RD-0233". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  8. ^ Wade, Mark. "RD-0234". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  9. ^ a b Wade, Mark. "RD-0235". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  10. ^ Wade, Mark. "RD-0236". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  11. ^ a b c Wade, Mark. "RD-0237". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2015-08-24. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  12. ^ Graham, William. "Russian Strela rocket launches Kondor satellite". NasaSpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  13. ^ Graham, William. "Russian Strela rocket launches Kondor-E". NasaSpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  14. ^ "Strela launcher". www.russianspaceweb.com. Retrieved 2020-09-04.