Stripe-faced wood quail

Summary

Stripe-faced wood quail
Odontophorus balliviani 78567273.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Odontophoridae
Genus: Odontophorus
Species:
O. balliviani
Binomial name
Odontophorus balliviani
Gould, 1846
Odontophorus balliviani map.svg

The stripe-faced wood quail (Odontophorus balliviani) is a species of New World quail. It is found in Bolivia and Peru.[2]

Taxonomy and systematics

The specific epithet of the stripe-faced wood quail commemorates José Ballivián, President of Bolivia at the time of the naming.[3] It is monotypic.[2]

O. balliviani in Iconographia Zoologica.

Description

The stripe-faced wood quail is 26 to 28 cm (10 to 11 in) long. Males are estimated to weigh 311 g (11.0 oz) and females 324 g (11.4 oz). The male has a brown face with a patch of bare red skin around the eye and a black line under it. The crown and crest are chestnut with a buff border. The back and rump are brown with black vermiculation. The throat is buff with white streaks and the breast and belly are brown with white diamond-shaped spots. The female is similar, but is paler brown above and more rufous below.[4]

Distribution and habitat

The stripe-faced wood quail is found on the east slope of the Andes in southeastern Peru's Cuzco and Puno Provinces and western Bolivia's La Paz and Cochabamba Departments. It inhabits subtropical montane forest that has many tree ferns, bamboos, and epiphytes. The forest varieties include primary and young secondary forest and stunted cloudforest; it is also found in clearings, wet meadows, and gulleys. In elevation it typically ranges from 1,000 to 3,300 m (3,300 to 10,800 ft) but is occasionally found as low as 800 m (2,600 ft) in Peru.[4]

Behavior

Feeding

No information about the stripe-faced wood quail's foraging behavior or diet has been published.[4]

Breeding

Almost nothing is known about the stripe-faced wood quail's breeding phenology. It has been noted singing regularly during May in Bolivia.[4]

Vocalization

Dickcissel male perched on a metal pole singing, with neck stretched and beak open.

Songs and calls

Listen to stripe-faced wood quail on xeno-canto

The stripe-faced wood quail's advertising call is "a rapidly repeated 'whydlyi-i, whydlyi-i....'" given by both members of a pair. They also have a harsh rattling alarm call and chirps that appear to be contact calls.[4]

Status

The IUCN has assessed the stripe-faced wood quail as being of Least Concern.[1] However, its population size is not known and is perhaps declining. "Threats possibly include deforestation, urbanization and agriculture."[4]

References

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2016). "Stripe-faced Wood-quail Odontophorus balliviani". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  2. ^ a b Gill, F.; Donsker, D.; Rasmussen, P. (July 2021). "IOC World Bird List (v 11.2)". Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  3. ^ Gould, John (1846). "Odontophorus Balliviani". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. XII: 69–70. Retrieved September 12, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Carroll, J. P. and G. M. Kirwan (2020). Stripe-faced Wood-Quail (Odontophorus balliviani), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.sfwqua1.01 retrieved September 12, 2021