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Mission typeRemote Sensing
OperatorStudSat Consortium
COSPAR ID2010-035B
SATCAT no.36796Edit this on Wikidata
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type1U CubeSat
Launch mass950 grams (34 oz)
Start of mission
Launch date12 July 2010 (2010-07-12)[1]
RocketPSLV-CA C15
Launch siteSatish Dhawan FLP
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Inclination98 degrees

StudSat is a CubeSat satellite designed by students. This project was conceptualised and project managed by undergraduate students across India.[2] STUDSAT-1 is a picosatellite, a miniaturised satellite, successfully launched on 12 July 2010 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre into a sun synchronous orbit. The mission's objective was for students to have a hands-on experience with the design, fabrication and realisation of a space mission at a minimum cost. Experimental in nature, the mission life was stated to be six months.

StudSat-1 was the first picosatellite launched by India, as well as the smallest satellite launched indigenously by any Indian organisation.[3]


The project was initiated by a group of four students from different Engineering colleges of Hyderabad and Bangalore who attended International Astronautical Congress, 2007, Hyderabad, India after meeting Mr. D. V. A. Raghavamurthy (Project Director, Small Satellites, ISRO Satellite Centre) at the congress. From then the team expanded slowly, ultimately completing the conceptual design. Following the financial budget analysis, the students approached the management of their respective colleges for sponsorship. The colleges, in turn, approached Indian Space Research Organisation for preliminary review of the project. ISRO scientists approved the preliminary design review after having a set of meetings with detailed presentations by the students. The initial four member team expanded to around 45 students from 10 different colleges. Seven of the colleges formed a consortium to provide the financial sponsorship for the project. The colleges are bound by an internal MOU, led by Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Bangalore as representative college to sign official MOU with ISRO. The project team is led by Dr.Jharna Majumdar as the project coordinator.[4]

STUDSAT is successfully placed in the orbit and received the first signal on 12 July 2010 at 11:07 am IST.

Studsat consortium

Studsat consortium consists of seven Engineering colleges from Hyderabad and Bangalore bound by an MOU in order to sponsor the project financially. The consortium comprises the following colleges:


The satellite resembles a small rectangular cube, with length dimensions of (10 cm x 10 cm x 13.5 cm), a weight of almost 950 g, and a volume of 1.1 L. The satellite was launched in 700 km Sun-synchronous orbit. The satellite will perform the function of a remote sensing satellite and take images of earth's surface with a resolution of 90 meter, the best achieved by any "PICO" category satellite in the world. The satellite consists of the following subsystems

A Ground Station[5] has been designed in order to communicate with the satellite. The Ground Station NASTRAC (Nitte Amateur Satellite Tracking Centre) which is established in NMIT was inaugurated by Dr K. Radhakrishnan, the current chairman of ISRO.[6] All the above subsystems are designed by students indigenously.

Current status

The satellite has completed its mission life. The CDR was conducted in NMIT where several scientists notably Prof U.R.Rao former chairman of ISRO have evaluated the design.[7] The CDR had been approved by ISRO. The satellite was launched by PSLV-C15 on 12 July 2010. The team had taken over control of the satellite from the ground station established at Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology (NMIT) in Bangalore. The satellite is no longer in contact with the ground station.

Two Line Element Set (TLE) of StudSat-1 are:

  • 1 36796U 10035B 12227.08525431 .00001146 00000-0 15376-3 0 2565
  • 2 36796 098.0573 303.0904 0014305 346.6376 013.4443 14.81257111113029

Source: AFSPC NASA's NSSDC Master Catalog entry for STUDSAT


The Team STUDSAT is continuing the legacy and building twin Nano-satellite for proving the concept of Inter-satellite link (ISL). The design of the Twin-Satellites STUDSAT-2A and STUDSAT-2B, are of dimensions 30 cm*30 cm*20 cm and weighing less than 10 kg. The main goal of the STUDSAT 2 project is to develop a low-cost small satellite, capable of operating small scientific or technological payloads where real time connectivity is provided by inter-satellite links.


The team has presented a paper titled "Studsat- A Student Pico-Satellite for Imaging" in International Astronautical Congress, 2008 which was held in Glasgow, Scotland.[8] The team won Hans Von Muldau Award for the best team project awarded by International Astronautical Federation and sponsored by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Luft- und Raumfahrt.[9] The Team has also done a National Record (INDIA) by entering into LIMCA BOOK of RECORDS-2011 Edition for creating the smallest Indian satellite.

See also


  1. ^ "PSLV to launch five satellites on July 12". The Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 2010-07-02.
  2. ^’s-smallest-satellite.html
  3. ^ "Engg students creating India's smallest satellite". The Times Of India. 12 August 2009.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2012-07-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2010-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Students' satellite project all set to take off". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2 April 2010.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-05. Retrieved 2012-07-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Engg students creating India's smallest satellite". The Times Of India. 12 August 2009.

External links

  • Team StudSat homepage