Surveyor (crater)

Summary

Surveyor
Surveyor crater M114104917RC.jpg
LRO Narrow Angle Camera image. The Apollo 12 Lunar Module Intrepid is in upper left, the Surveyor 3 lander is on the right side of the crater, and astronaut tracks are visible as dark lines.
Coordinates3°01′S 23°25′W / 3.02°S 23.42°W / -3.02; -23.42Coordinates: 3°01′S 23°25′W / 3.02°S 23.42°W / -3.02; -23.42
Diameter200 m[1]
Depth12 m[2]
EponymAstronaut-named feature

Surveyor crater is a small crater in Mare Cognitum on the Moon. The name of the crater was formally adopted by the IAU in 1973.[1]

On April 20, 1967, the Surveyor 3 spacecraft landed within the crater near the east rim. Surveyor 3 was the third lander of the American unmanned Surveyor program sent to explore the surface of the Moon.

The Apollo 12 astronauts Pete Conrad and Alan Bean landed the Lunar Module (LM) Intrepid north of Surveyor crater on November 24, 1969. During the descent, Surveyor crater was a major landmark. Surveyor is the largest crater at the landing site. To the west of Surveyor is Head crater. To the southwest are Bench crater and Sharp crater (now called Sharp-Apollo). To the south is Halo crater. A distinct crater on the northeast rim is called Block crater.

Surveyor crater shortly after landing. The Surveyor 3 spacecraft is in shadow.
Block crater in foreground and Surveyor crater in background, near the end of second EVA of the mission. Surveyor 3 spacecraft is visible behind Block.

References

  1. ^ a b Surveyor, Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, International Astronomical Union (IAU) Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN)
  2. ^ Surveyor Crater Map