Susono (裾野市, Susono-shi) is a city located in eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2020[update], the city had an estimated population of 51,216 in 21,858 households, and a population density of 370 persons per km². The total area of the city is 138.12 square kilometres (53.33 sq mi).
|• Mayor||Kenji Takamura|
|• Total||138.12 km2 (53.33 sq mi)|
|• Density||370/km2 (960/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Japanese cedar|
|- Bird||Bush warbler|
|Address||1059 Sano, Susono-shi, Shizuoka-ken 410-1192|
Susono is located in far eastern Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, in the foothills of Mount Fuji, Mount Ashitaka, and the Hakone Mountains. The climate is temperate maritime, with hot humid summers and mild winters.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Susono has been increasing over the past 70 years.
The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Susono is 13.8 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1916 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.0 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.3 °C.
During the Edo period, the area was mostly tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. After the Meiji Restoration, on February 1, 1889, a train station was opened in the center of rural Suntō District on what later became the Tōkaidō Main Line connecting Tokyo with Shizuoka. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system in April of the same year, the area was reorganized into 24 villages. Originally called "Sano Station", the train station was renamed Susono Station in 1915. Susono Town was founded on April 4, 1952, through the merger of Koizumi and Izumi Villages. On September 30, 1956, Fukara Village merged with Susono Town, and on September 1, 1957, Tomioka and Suyama Villages also merged. Susono became a city on January 1, 1971. The design of the city flag represents the union of the original five villages.
Susono has a mixed economy. As an industrial city, it hosts several automobile or automotive components plants, including a plant owned by Toyota Motor Corporation and one by its subsidiary Kanto Auto Works. Mitsubishi Aluminum Corporation and Canon also have factories in the city. In April, 2007, the head office of Yazaki Corporation, an automotive components manufacturer, was moved from Yokohama to Susono.
Susono has eight public elementary schools and five public middle schools operated by the city government, and one public high school (Shizuoka Prefectural Susono High School) operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. In addition, there is also one private combined middle/high school.
Media related to Susono, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons