Svema (Russian: Свема, Светочувствительные Материалы) is a registered trade mark and former name ("NPO "Svema") of the Shostka Chemical Plant, located in Shostka, Sumy Oblast, Ukraine. It was founded in 1931 in then Ukrainian SSR.
|Products||Photographic film, Photochemistry|
"Svema" used to be the major photographic film manufacturer in the USSR, but their film lost market share in former Soviet countries to imported products during the late 1990s. They made black-and-white photographic film, photographic paper, B&W/colour cine film and magnetic tapes until 2000. Colour film was made with equipment dismantled from the Agfa-Wolfen Factory after World War II. Svema products were known among enthusiasts as an easy and sturdy product for beginners in home film development and printing.
The use of Svema color film was common for Soviet cinema from the late 1960s until the late 1980s. It had a greenish tint, giving the films of the Stagnation and Perestroika era their typical look.
* Svema DS-4 Color Negative Film ISO/ASA 50
* Svema CO-32D Color Reversal film ISO/ASA 32
* Svema CO-50d Color Reversal film ISO/ASA 50
* Svema CND 64 Color Negative Film ISO/ASA 64
* Svema TsNL 65 Color Negative Film ISO/ASA 80
* Svema LN-9 Color Negative Film, 35mm motion picture film stock
* Svema DS-5M Color Negative Film, 35mm motion picture film stock
Reel to reel tapes
The plant's production of photographic products slowed through the 1990s and ceased entirely in 2000. Svema shut down completely in 2006, having served only as a district heating source for the town of Shostka in the intervening years.
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