Syrian churches of Kerala

Summary

A Saint Thomas Christian cross at Kottayam Valiya Pally

This article lists the various old and ancient churches that exist among the Saint Thomas Christians in Kerala.[1][2][3][4]

Thrissur district

Palayoor Church

Ernakulam district

Kottakkavu Syro-Malabar Old Church

Idukki district

Kottayam district

Kuravilangad Syrian Church

Alappuzha district

Gokkamangalam Syrian Church

Pathanamthitta district

Niranam Orthodox Syrian Church
  • Niranam St Mary's Orthodox Syrian Church – The ancient Niranam Syrian church was founded by Thomas the Apsotle in 54 AD and is among the Ezharappallikal.
  • Nilackal St Thomas Ecumenical Syrian Church – The Nilackal (Chayal) Syrian Church in Angamoozhy was established by Thomas the Apostle in 54 AD and is among the Ezharappallikal.
  • Kadampanad St Thomas Syrian Orthodox Cathedral – In the beginning of the fourth century, a group of Syrian Christians from Chayal (Nilackal) near Ranni migrated to Kadampanad. They consecrated a church at Kadampanad in accordance with Syrian tradition and rituals in 325 AD, in the name of Mar Thoma Sleeha (Thomas the Apostle).
  • Adoor Kannamcode St Thomas Orthodox Syrian Cathedral – The earliest Syrian Christian settlement near Kannamcode in Adoor was at the beginning of 4th century, during the establishment of Kadampanad Church. The Kannamcode Syrian Church was established by the parishioners of Kadampanad Syrian Church in the 4th century.
  • Thumpamon St Mary's Orthodox Syrian Valiyapally – The first church in Thumpamon was built in 717 AD by the Syrian Christians who migrated from Nilackal and the Syrian Christians of Thumbamon who separated from the Niranam Church.
  • Vaipur St Mary's Syro-Malabar Church – The Vaipur Church was established in 1212 by the Syrian Christians of Vaipur who formerly attended the Niranam Church for worship.
  • Kallooppara St Mary's Syrian Orthodox Church – The Kallooppara Syrian Church was established in 1339 by the Aaruveedan families and the Edappally Swaroopam of Thekkumkur for the Syrian Christians of Kallooppara who attended the Niranam St Mary's Syrian Church.
  • Maramon Mar Thoma Syrian Church – The Maramon Mar Thoma Church was established in 1440 by the Malieakal, Ramacham and Kulathackal Syrian Christian families who formerly worshiped in the Niranam Syrian Church.
  • Kozhenchery St Thomas Mar Thoma Syrian Church – Certain ancient Christian families who resided on the banks of river Pampa have recorded their origins and this evidence indicates that the early Christian settlers around Kozhencherry worshiped in the churches at Maramon and Chengannur. According to these records, the earliest church at Kozhencherry was constructed in 1599, according to the Malayalam Era (M.E. 775).

Kollam district

Kundara Syrian Valiyapally

References

  1. ^ For a list of the old churches and their approx. dates cf. George Menachery, ed. The Thomapedia, Ollur, 2000; George Menachery, ed. The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India, Trichur, 1973; George Menachery, ed. The Indian Church History Classics, Vol.1, The Nazranies, SARAS, Ollur, 1998; George Menachery, The Elephant and the Thomas Christian, 2014; George Menachery, Murals in Kerala Churches, Ollur, 2015.
  2. ^ For a list of old Kerala churches cf. George Menachery, "The Elephant and the Christians", Malayalam. SARAS, Ollur, 2014
  3. ^ "Pallikalile Chitrabhasangal" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Aanayum NazraniyumThe Elephant in Kerala Churches" (PDF).
  5. ^ Gazetter 1986, pp. 38, 623
  6. ^ "Marthoma Church at Azhikode, Marthoma Pontifical Shrine | Religious sites at Muziris Heritage Area, Ernakulam". www.muzirisheritage.org. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  7. ^ https://www.keralatourism.org/christianity/seven-half-churches/7
  8. ^ "History". Ambazhakad Church. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  9. ^ "Welcome to Diocese of Irinjalakuda". Diocese of Irinjalakuda. 2015. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
  10. ^ "Koratty Muthy", Thrissur Rural Police
  11. ^ "Industries in Ollur". Thrissur Corporation. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
  12. ^ Menachery, George (1973). The St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India. St. Thomas Christian Encyclopaedia of India.
  13. ^ Ninan, Prof M. M. (11 September 2018). The Acts of the Apostle Thomas. Lulu.com. ISBN 978-0-359-08188-2.
  14. ^ a b c Malekandathil (2020).
  15. ^ Karukaparambil 2005, p. 150.
  16. ^ Whitehouse 1873, p. 125.
  17. ^ Encyclopaedia of sects & religious doctrines, Volume 4 By Charles George Herbermann page 1180,1181
  18. ^ "St. Thomas Forane Church Mailacombu::Kothamangalam Eparchy:: Syro Malabar Church Parish". www.syromalabarchurch.in. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  19. ^ "Architecture of Churches in Kerala | Christianity in Kerala | Kerala Tourism". Christianity. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  20. ^ http://www.palaidiocese.com/Parishes1.htm
  21. ^ "評判の良い美容整形外科|目白ポセンシアで受ける整形". www.StMaryKuravilangad.org. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
  22. ^ Dr. E. J. James Menachery,Thomas Christian Architecture P.145 in STCEI Vol.2, Ed. George Menachery, Trichur, 1973
  23. ^ "Champakulam Kalloorkkadu St Mary's Church- The Hidden Pearl in Nasrani History".
  24. ^ "Archdiocese Of Changancherry".[permanent dead link]
  25. ^ "Ancient Churches". Archived from the original on 25 January 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  26. ^ "Ancient Churches with traditional dates of foundation & Stone Crosses of Kerala- Saint Thomas Cross, Nazraney Sthambams and other Persian Crosses".
  27. ^ "St. George Orthodox Church, Cheppad | Mural Paintings in Kerala Churches | Christianity of Kerala | Kerala Tourism". Christianity. Retrieved 11 April 2020.

Sources

  • Malekandathil, Pius (2020). "Angamali and the St. Thomas Christians: An Historical Overview". NSC Network. Retrieved 14 July 2020.

External links

  • St. Mary's Orthodox Syrian Church, Niranam
  • St. Mary's Forane (Martha Mariam) Church
  • "Champakulam Kalloorkkadu St Mary's Church- The Hidden Pearl in Nasrani History | NSC NETWORK". nasrani.net. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  • St. Mary's Thazhathupally Kaduthuruthy
  • "nazraney.com". nazraney.com. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  • "WELCOME TO INDIAN CHRISTIANITY". indianchristianity.com. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  • St. George's Forane Church, Aruvithura
  • Kudamaloor Palli
  • Namboothiri Rulers

St. Mary's Forane Church, Muttom, cherthala-688524; Alappuzha District

  • "Pilgrim center of St. Mary (St. Mary's Orthodox Church Kallooppara)". Archived from the original on 12 October 2003. Retrieved 6 June 2014.