Tawny-faced quail

Summary

Tawny-faced quail
Rhynchortyx cinctus.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Odontophoridae
Genus: Rhynchortyx
Ogilvie-Grant, 1893
Species:
R. cinctus
Binomial name
Rhynchortyx cinctus
(Salvin, 1876)
Rhynchortyx cinctus map.svg

The tawny-faced quail (Rhynchortyx cinctus) is a species of bird in the family Odontophoridae, the New World quail. It is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.[2]

Taxonomy and systematics

The tawny-faced quail is the only member of genus Rhynchortyx. It has three subspecies, the nominate R. c. cinctus, R. c. pudibundus, and R. c. australis.[2]

Description

The tawny-faced quail is 17 to 20 cm (6.7 to 7.9 in) long. A male weighed 165 g (5.8 oz) and an unsexed individual 150 g (5.3 oz). The adult male of the nominate subspecies has a reddish face with a black streak through the eye. Its crown and hindneck are dark brown; the back and rump are gray to brown with black streaks. Its throat and upper breast are gray while the rest of the undersides are tawny buff with some white between the legs. The nominate adult female has a similar pattern but is generally browner. Its crown and back are dark brown and the rump mottled brown and chestnut. The face and upper breast are reddish brown and the eyeline, chin, and throat white. The lower breast and belly are pale with black barring. R. c. pudibundus is paler overall and R. c. australis darker.[3]

Distribution and habitat

The tawny-faced quail has a discontinuous range. The nominate subspecies is found in Costa Rica and Panama. R. c. pudibundus is found in northeastern Honduras and eastern Nicaragua. R. c. australis is found on the Pacific coasts of Colombia and far northern Ecuador. The species inhabits lowland tropical forest up to about 1,450 m (4,760 ft) of elevation. It is primarily terrestrial but roosts in trees and bushes near the ground.[3]

Behavior

Feeding

The tawny-faced quail forages by pecking. Its diet has been recorded to include seeds, worms, and insects.[3]

Breeding

The tawny-faced quail's breeding season includes March and April in Panama but has not been documented elsewhere. Little other information about its breeding phenology has been published.[3]

Vocalization

Dickcissel male perched on a metal pole singing, with neck stretched and beak open.

Songs and calls

Listen to tawny-faced quail on xeno-canto

The tawny-faced quail's song is "a series of pure monotonous whistles followed by a series of whistles at a lower and/or higher pitch" and has been likened to that those of tinamous or doves. The species is often vocal at dusk but also sings while roosting at night. Members of a covey keep in contact with soft peeping calls.[3]

Status

The IUCN has assessed the tawny-faced quail as being of Least Concern.[1] It is rather rare in much of its range, and "[m]ajor threats possibly include deforestation and hunting."[3]

References

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2016). "Tawny-faced Quail Rhynchortyx cinctus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  2. ^ a b Gill, F.; Donsker, D.; Rasmussen, P. (July 2021). "IOC World Bird List (v 11.2)". Retrieved July 14, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Carroll, J. P., G. M. Kirwan, and P. F. D. Boesman (2020). Tawny-faced Quail (Rhynchortyx cinctus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.tafqua1.01 retrieved September 10, 2021