Taygete (moon)

Summary

Taygete
Taygete-Jewitt-CFHT-annotated.gif
Taygete imaged by the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope in December 2001
Discovery [1]
Discovered byScott S. Sheppard
David C. Jewitt
Yanga R. Fernandez
Eugene A. Magnier
Discovery siteMauna Kea Observatory
Discovery date25 November 2000
Designations
Designation
Jupiter XX
Pronunciation/tˈɪət/[2][3]
Named after
Τᾱϋγέτη Tāÿgetē
S/2000 J 9
AdjectivesTaygetean /ˌtəəˈtən/[4]
Orbital characteristics[5]
Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)
Observation arc17.46 yr (6,377 days)
0.1507123 AU (22,546,240 km)
Eccentricity0.2487538
–691.62 d
150.90619°
0° 31m 13.862s / day
Inclination165.95236° (to ecliptic)
14.91608°
283.34358°
Satellite ofJupiter
GroupCarme group
Physical characteristics[7]
Mean diameter
5 km
Albedo0.04 (assumed)
21.9[6]
15.5[5]

Taygete /tˈɪət/, also known as Jupiter XX, is a retrograde irregular satellite of Jupiter. It was discovered by a team of astronomers from the University of Hawaii led by Scott S. Sheppard, in 2000, and given the temporary designation S/2000 J 9.[8][1][9]

Taygete is about 5 kilometres in diameter, and orbits Jupiter at an average distance of 22,439,000 km in 691.62 days, at an inclination of 165° to the ecliptic (163° to Jupiter's equator), in a retrograde direction and with an eccentricity of 0.3678.

It was named in October 2002[10] after Taygete, one of the Pleiades, daughter of the Titan Atlas and mother of Lacedaemon by Zeus (Jupiter).

It belongs to the Carme group, made up of irregular retrograde moons orbiting Jupiter at a distance ranging between 23 and 24 Gm and at an inclination of about 165°.

References

  1. ^ a b MPEC 2001-A29: S/2000 J 7, S/2000 J 8, S/2000 J 9, S/2000 J 10, S/2000 J 11 2001 January 15 (discovery and ephemeris)
  2. ^ Noah Webster (1884) A Practical Dictionary of the English Language
  3. ^ "Taygete". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House.
  4. ^ There is also 'Taygetian', but that's for Taygetus.
  5. ^ a b "M.P.C. 110499" (PDF). Minor Planet Circular. Minor Planet Center. 29 May 2018.
  6. ^ Sheppard, Scott. "Scott S. Sheppard - Jupiter Moons". Department of Terrestrial Magnetism. Carnegie Institution for Science. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  7. ^ "Planetary Satellite Physical Parameters". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 19 February 2015. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  8. ^ IAUC 7555: Satellites of Jupiter Archived 2002-09-16 at the Wayback Machine 2001 January 5 (discovery)
  9. ^ MPEC 2001-T59: S/2000 J 8, S/2000 J 9, S/2000 J 10 2001 October 15 (revised ephemeris)
  10. ^ IAUC 7998: Satellites of Jupiter 2002 October 22 (naming the moon)