Taylorcraft B

Summary

The Taylorcraft B is an American light, single-engine, high-wing general aviation monoplane that was built by the Taylorcraft Aviation Corporation of Alliance, Ohio.[1][2]

Model B
TaylorcraftBC12-DN9558101.JPG
1946 model Taylorcraft BC-12-D
Role Light aircraft
Manufacturer Taylorcraft Aircraft
Designer Clarence Gilbert Taylor
Developed from Taylorcraft Model A
Variants Taylorcraft Auster
Taylorcraft BC-12-D
Taylorcraft BC-12-D 1946 Model with custom painted fabric

Production and constructionEdit

The Model B was constructed in large numbers during the late 1930s and early 1940s and was available for delivery from the factory as a land plane and a floatplane. Like many light aircraft of its day, the fuselage is constructed of welded steel tubing and covered with doped aircraft fabric. The wings are braced using steel-tube struts.

Operational historyEdit

The Model B was mainly bought by private pilot owners. Large numbers were flown in the United States, and many were sold to owners in Canada and several overseas countries, including those in Europe. Many are still active in 2022.

VariantsEdit

BC
1938 - Based on the Model A with a 50 hp Continental A-50-1 engine and modified wing construction, also known as the BC-50
BCS
1939 - Seaplane variant of the BC
BC-65
1939 - Model BC with a 65 hp Continental A-65-1 engine.
BCS-65
1939 - Seaplane variant of the BC-65.
BC-12-65 (L-2H)
1941 - As BC-65 except for minor structural changes and added elevator trim tab and a Continental A-65-7 engine.
BCS-12-65
1941 - Seaplane variant of the BC-12-65
BC-12D Twosome
1945 - Postwar production version of the BC-12-65 with a Continental A-65-8 engine with alternate tail surface, alternate one piece window and other minor changes.
BCS-12D
1946 - Seaplane variant of the BC-12D
BC-12D1
1946 - As the BC-12-D with left hand door, parking brake and right-hand wing tank removed
BCS-12D1
1946 - Seaplane variant of the BC-12D1
 
1946 Taylorcraft BC-12-85
BC-12D-85 Sportsman
1948 - A BC-12D fitted with an 85 hp Continental C85-8F engine and increased power and gross weight.
BCS-12D-85
1948 - Seaplane variant of the BC-12D-85.
BC-12D-4-85
1949 - A BC-12D-85 fitted with an extra rear side window and a Continental C85-12F engine.
BCS-12D-4-85
1949 - Seaplane variant of the BC-12D-4-85.
Model 19 Sportsman
1951 - Development of the BC-12D-4-85, still with Continental C85-12F engine but with gross weight increased to 1500 lb. Revived in 1973 by the reformed Taylorcraft as the F-19 Sportsman with 100 hp Continental O-200 engine.
BF (L-2G)
1938 - 40 hp Franklin 4AC-150 engine.
BFS
1939 - Seaplane variant of the BF.
BF-60
1939 - As BF with a 60 hp Franklin 4AC-171 engine.
BFS-60
1939 - Seaplane variant of the BF-60.
BF-65
1941 - A BF with a 65 hp Franklin 4AC-176-B2 engine, also known as the BF-12-65 (L-2K).
BFS-65
1941 - Seaplane variant of the BF-65
BL
1938 - with a 50 hp Lycoming O-145-A1 engine, also known as the BL-50
BLS
1939 - Seaplane variant of the BL.
 
BL-65
BL-65 (L-2F)
1939 - A BL with a 65 hp Lycoming O-145-B1 engine.
BLS-65
1939 - Seaplane variant of the BL-65.
BL-12-65 (L-2J)
1941 - A BL-65 with a Lycoming O-145-B1 engine and minor structural changes and added elevator trim.
BLS-12-65
1941 - Seaplane variant of the BL-12-65.

Notable accidents and incidentsEdit

Specifications (Taylorcraft 19)Edit

Data from Plane and Pilot[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Capacity: one passenger
  • Empty weight: 860 lb (390 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,500 lb (680 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 18 U.S. gallons (68 L; 15 imp gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental C-85 four-cylinder horizontally opposed aircraft engine, 85 hp (63 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed metal

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 120 mph (190 km/h, 100 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 110 mph (180 km/h, 96 kn)
  • Stall speed: 38 mph (61 km/h, 33 kn)
  • Range: 300 mi (480 km, 260 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 17,000 ft (5,200 m)
  • Rate of climb: 700 ft/min (3.6 m/s)

See alsoEdit

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ The Pittsburgh Press, Move Stated to Bring Plane Factory Here, July 22, 1947
  2. ^ a b Plane and Pilot: 1978 Aircraft Directory, p. 75. Werner & Werner Corp, Santa Monica CA, 1977. ISBN 0-918312-00-0
  3. ^ Niles, Russ (April 20, 2022). "FAA Revokes Certificate Of YouTuber Who Crashed Plane". AVweb. Archived from the original on April 21, 2022. Retrieved April 21, 2022.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Taylorcraft B at Wikimedia Commons