Tešan Podrugović
Born
Тешан Подруговић

1775
Died1815
NationalityOttoman, Austrian
OccupationSerbian hayduk, storyteller and gusle player

Tešan Podrugović (Serbian: Тешан Подруговић) (Kazanci, Gacko, Herzegovina, Ottoman Empire 1775 — Sremski Karlovci, Austrian Empire 1815)[1] was Serbian hayduk, storyteller and gusle player (Serbian: guslar) who participated in the First Serbian Uprising and Second Serbian Uprising.[2] He was one of the most important sources for Serbian epic poetry recorded by Vuk Karadžić. Podrugović did not sing but used to 'speak' his poems; he understood and felt the poems and thought about what he said.

Biography

Podrugović's family was from the village of Kazanci in the municipality of Gacko.[3] Tešan Podrugović was about forty years old when he first began collaborating with Vuk Karadžić. As a youth in Bosnia, Podrugović killed a Muslim who had raped a girl in his family. He fled to become a hajduk, then joined the first Serbian uprising under Karađorđe in 1804. He fought bravely, but quarreled with his commanding officer and left the army to cross the Danube into Austrian-occupied Srem after the Ottomans recaptured Belgrade. He made his living as a guslar reciting epic poems and, as soon as the Second Serbian Uprising broke out in 1815, he joined the forces of Miloš Obrenović. Podrugović considered fighting to be more important than reciting poetry at the time.

Songs

Vuk Karadžić recorded for the first time many songs sung by Podrugović. The poem about Musa Kesedžija, named Marko Kraljević and Musa Kesedžija, recited by Podrugović was recorded for the first time in Sremski Karlovci in 1815 by Vuk Karadžić.[4][5] The song about General Vuča was also recorded by Karadžić, based on the singing of Podrugović.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Đurić, Vojislav (2009) [1954], Antologija narodnih junačkih pesama (in Serbian), Belgrade: Srpska književna zadruga, OCLC 25260399, Он се родио око 1775. у Казанцима у Гацком
  2. ^ Popović, Miodrag (1987). Vuk Stef. Karadžić: 1787-1864 (in Serbian). Belgrade: Nolit. p. 83. Retrieved 19 May 2012. "Устаничко јунаштво упевавао је у ликове јунака и неустрашиви борац у првом устанку, хајдук и песник Тешан Подруговић.
  3. ^ Popović, Miodrag (1987). Vuk Stef. Karadžić: 1787-1864 (in Serbian). Belgrade: Nolit. p. 83. Retrieved 19 May 2012. Родом је био из Гацка, места у коме су гуслари спевавали најлепше јуначке песме.
  4. ^ Čubelić, Tvrtko (1990), Povijest i historija usmene narodne književnosti (in Croatian), Zagreb: Ante Pelivan i Danica Pelivan, p. 191, ISBN 9788681703014, OCLC 27260153, Od Tešana je Vuk zapisao između mnogih pjesama i neke koje ubrajamo među najbolje naše narodne pjesme, kao: Ženidba Dušanova. Marko Kraljević i.Musa Kesedžija, Starina Novak i Knez Bogosav. Tešan nije pjesme pjevao uz gusle
  5. ^ Popović, Miodrag (1987). Vuk Stef. Karadžić: 1787-1864 (in Serbian). Belgrade: Nolit. p. 137. Retrieved 19 May 2012. У Подруговићевој песми Краљевић Марко је главу убијеног одметника понео на дар султану.
  6. ^ Matica srpska (1964). "Порекло песме "Марко Краљевић и Вуча Џенерал"" [The origin of the song "Marko Kraljević and Vuča General"]. Zbornik Matice srpske za književnost i jezik. 12-14: 71. Ту песму је Вук записао од Подруговића, за кога са сигурношћу можемо рећи да је неке своје песме научио тек у Срему