|Mission duration||15 years (planned)|
18 years (achieved)
|Launch mass||2,763 kg (6,091 lb)|
|Dry mass||1,700 kg (3,700 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||12 August 1999, 22:52 UTC|
|Rocket||Ariane 42P H10-3 (V118)|
|Launch site||Centre Spatial Guyanais,|
|Entered service||October 1999|
|End of mission|
|Last contact||25 August 2017 |
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit|
|Coverage area||Indonesia, Australia|
Telkom-1 is a geosynchronous communications satellite built by Lockheed Martin, (Sunnyvale, California), for Indonesia's state-owned telecommunications company, PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk (PT Telkom).
Telkom-1 was successfully launched 12 August 1999, by an Ariane-42P H10-3, from Centre Spatial Guyanais, pad ELA-2, Kourou, French Guiana, at 22:52 UTC and positioned in geostationary orbit, at 108° East for replaced Palapa-B2R.
Based on Lockheed Martin A2100A satellite bus, Telkom-1 features communications satellite technology, with 24 C-band and 12 Enhanced C-band transponders. The new spacecraft replaced on-orbit Palapa-B2R satellite, improve communications coverage across Indonesia, and allow PT Telkom to expand its coverage area into Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Launch had been delayed because of problems with comsat manufacturing. Telkom-1 is a successor to the Palapa series of satellites, the first (Palapa-A1) of which was launched in 1976. Mass of Telkom-1 is 2,763 kg (6,091 lb) launch, 1,700 kg (3,700 lb) in geostationary orbit (GEO).
Telkom-1 had developed problems with the south solar panel drive, due to a manufacturing error. The satellite was planned to be decommissioned in 2018 and to be replaced by Telkom-4. On 25 August 2017, Telkom-1 lost contact and suffered a massive debris shedding event.