Tellurium trioxide

Summary

Tellurium trioxide (TeO3) is an inorganic chemical compound of tellurium and oxygen. In this compound, tellurium is in the +6 oxidation state.

Tellurium trioxide
Names
Other names
tellurium(VI) oxide
Identifiers
  • 13451-18-8 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ChemSpider
  • 75319 checkY
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.277 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 236-620-5
  • 83481
UNII
  • GC5SXW83F8 checkY
  • DTXSID6065472 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/O3Te/c1-4(2)3 checkY
    Key: IIXQANVWKBCLEB-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/O3Te/c1-4(2)3
    Key: IIXQANVWKBCLEB-UHFFFAOYAH
  • O=[Te](=O)=O
Properties
TeO3
Molar mass 175.6 g/mol
Appearance yellow-orange crystals (α-TeO3)
Density 5.07 g/cm3, solid
Melting point 430 °C (806 °F; 703 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

PolymorphsEdit

There are two forms, yellow-red α-TeO3 and grey, rhombohedral, β-TeO3 which is less reactive.[1]
α-TeO3 has a structure similar to FeF3 with octahedral TeO6 units that share all vertices.[2]

PreparationEdit

α-TeO3 can be prepared by heating orthotelluric acid, Te(OH)6, at over 300 °C .[1] The β-TeO3 form can be prepared by heating α-TeO3 in a sealed tube with O2 and H2SO4.
α-TeO3 is unreactive to water but is a powerful oxidising agent when heated.[2] With alkalis it forms tellurates.[2]
α-TeO3 when heated loses oxygen to form firstly Te2O5 and then TeO2.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Inorganic Chemistry,Egon Wiberg, Arnold Frederick Holleman Elsevier 2001 ISBN 0-12-352651-5
  2. ^ a b c Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8.