Telstar 2

Summary

Telstar 2
Telstar 2.jpg
Telstar 2
Mission typeCommunications
OperatorAT&T / NASA
COSPAR ID1963-013A
SATCAT no.00573
Mission duration2 years
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerBell Telephone Laboratories
Launch mass176.0 kilograms (388.0 lb)
Start of mission
Launch dateMay 7, 1963, 11:38 (1963-05-07UTC11:38Z) UTC[1]
RocketDelta B
Launch siteCape Canaveral LC-17B
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeMedium Earth
Eccentricity0.40048
Perigee altitude974 kilometres (605 mi)
Apogee altitude10,803 kilometres (6,713 mi)
Inclination42.7°
Period225.1 minutes
EpochMay 7, 1963 (1963-05-07)
 

Telstar 2 was a communications satellite launched by NASA on May 7, 1963. It remained active for 2 years.

History

Telstar 2, primarily a communications satellite, carried an experiment designed to measure the energetic proton and electron distribution in the Van Allen belts. The spacecraft spin axis shortly after launch was about 80 deg to the ecliptic plane. The initial spin rate was 180 rpm, and it varied slowly over the life of the spacecraft. Telstar 2 was essentially identical to the Telstar 1 satellite. It employed two transmitters, and data were telemetered via a PCM/FM/AM encoder. The telemetry sequence required about 1 min. Telstar 2 differed from Telstar 1 by employing provisions for scientific information to be transmitted in real time via the microwave telemetry system so that telemetry could be obtained after the 2 years timer had turned off the VHF beacon. On May 16, 1965, at 1403 UT, during the satellite's 4736 orbit, the VHF transmitter was turned off. All systems operated normally until that time.[2]

The satellite was launched into space on May 7, 1963, on a Delta-B rocket from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, United States. The European receiving station for Telstar 2 was built in Brittany, France, near the village of Pleumeur-Bodou, at which the 340-ton pivotally mounted antenna sits under a 50-meter diameter radar dome. These buildings still exist as part of a communications museum. The transmissions were not continuous, being restricted to 30 minutes, since the low orbit of the satellite made it difficult for the receiving and transmitting antennas to pick up its signal.

See also

References

  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
  2. ^ NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center. "Telstar 2". NSSDC Master Catalog. Retrieved May 3, 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.