Temple Israel (Boston)

Summary

Temple Israel is a Reform synagogue in the American city of Boston, Massachusetts. Founded in 1854 as Adath Israel, the congregation is the largest Reform synagogue in Boston and New England.

Temple Israel
קק עדת ישראל
Temple Israel Boston.jpg
Religion
AffiliationReform Judaism
LeadershipRabbi Elaine Zecher,
Cantor Alicia Stillman
StatusActive
Location
Location477 Longwood Avenue
Boston, Massachusetts
 United States
Geographic coordinates42°20′25″N 71°06′33″W / 42.3403°N 71.1093°W / 42.3403; -71.1093Coordinates: 42°20′25″N 71°06′33″W / 42.3403°N 71.1093°W / 42.3403; -71.1093
Website
www.tisrael.org

HistoryEdit

 
600 Columbus Ave. (1885–1906)
 
602 Commonwealth Ave. (1906–1926)
 
477 Longwood Ave. (1926–present)
  • 1854: The congregation Temple Israel, originally known as Adath Israel, was founded when Jews of German ancestry seceded from Ohabei Shalom, then the sole synagogue in Boston, because so many Polish Jews had joined the congregation.[1] The congregation immediately renovated a house on Pleasant Street for use as a synagogue.
  • 1859: Purchase of land in Wakefield, Massachusetts, for a cemetery.[2]
  • 1885: Dedication of Columbus Avenue synagogue building: Indicative of the growing size and wealth of congregation, influence of its members and leaders.
  • 1894: Founding of Auxiliary Society – This society was the first internal temple organization dedicated to social service, cultural activity, education, and social functions.
  • 1907: Dedication of Commonwealth Avenue Temple built by Clarence Blackall: Attended by prominent Jewish and political leaders, the dedication of the new temple building demonstrates the growing size of the congregation, as well as the rising influence of its members and leaders in the community.
  • 1911 - 1939: Installation of Rabbi Harry Levi led to changes within the religious school by implementing new policies such as paying teachers, establishing branch schools, and refocusing the curriculum on more traditional Jewish subjects.
  • 1913: First Congregational Seder: “For the first time we liberal Jews indicated that we wanted to participate in old Pesach traditions with our own version,” Abram Vossen Goodman. This seder was the first to follow the Reform-sponsored Union Haggadah.
  • 1924: Radio Broadcasts: Rabbi Levi's first radio broadcasts of sermons launched a new era of interfaith educational efforts by taking advantage of Levi's “genius for selling Judaism to Christians,” his speaking ability, and advances in radio technology led to his being known as the “Radio Rabbi”.
  • 1923 - 1927: New Meeting House: The building of a new meeting house represented the congregation's commitment to Jewish education, social and cultural activities, and its growing membership.
  • 1950s & 1960s: Social Action Committee: With his installation in 1954, Rabbi Gittelsohn brought a new commitment to social action to Temple Israel during his tenure. Some important projects included the Boston Ruleville Interfaith Committee (BRIC), and Rev. Martin Luther King's visit to Boston in 1965.
  • 1969 - 1971: Israel Week/Expo Israel: These celebrations demonstrate Temple Israel's new connection with Israel, its heritage, and its current political plight.
  • 1972: Installation of Murray Simon as the Temple's First Cantor.
  • 1973: Completion of a new sanctuary as part of the expanded Riverway campus. Sculpture, Sky Covenant commissioned by Jewish sculptor Louise Nevelson placed in front of entrance.
  • 1977: Rabbi Mehlman becomes senior rabbi and remains in this position until 1999.
  • 1986: First gay family joins the congregation of Temple Israel.
  • 1990: Rabbi Elaine Zecher becomes the first female Rabbi at Temple Israel.
  • 1999: Rabbi Ronne Friedman succeeds Rabbi Mehlman as Senior Rabbi.
  • 2004: 150th Anniversary of Temple Israel; after Massachusetts becomes the first state to legalize gay marriage, gay marriage ceremonies are held at Temple Israel.
  • 2009: Publication of Becoming American Jews: Temple Israel of Boston by Meaghan Dwyer-Ryan, Susan L. Porter, and Lisa Fagin Davis (Waltham: Brandeis University Press, 2009).
  • 2016: Rabbi Elaine Zecher became the senior rabbi of the congregation, the first woman to hold that post. She had served the temple for 26 years previously.[3] She succeeded Rabbi Ronne Friedman, who had become the senior rabbi in 1999, who had in turn succeeded Rabbi Bernard Mehlman.[4]
  • 2020: Cantor Alicia Stillman succeeds Roy Einhorn, who became emeritus after 27 years, becoming the first woman to hold the post

Tikkun CentralEdit

Tikkun Central is the umbrella for all justice and compassion activities at Temple Israel, whether directed inward toward the Temple Israel community or outward towards the larger communities within which Temple Israel resides.

Community LifeEdit

Center for Adult Jewish Learning at Temple Israel of BostonEdit

Religious School (Pre-K through 7)Edit

Temple Israel offers a supplemental education program with classes for Pre-K through 7th graders.

On-Site ResourcesEdit

Temple Israel ArchivesEdit

Temple Israel is the second oldest congregation in the Boston area, and the largest Reform congregation in New England. Founded in 1854 in Boston, its long history follows the rise of the local Jewish community. The Temple Israel Archives serves as the repository for records, documents, publications, and images relating to the history and administration of Temple Adath Israel of Boston. These records document the congregational history and provide primary source material to assist the clergy, staff, and members of the synagogue. The Archives also serve as a resource for researchers who are interested in the history of Boston's Jewish community, or in family research.

Wyner MuseumEdit

The Wyner Museum was reopened in 1984 to house the Temple Israel Judaica collection.

Dr. Arnold L. Segel Library CenterEdit

The library, named in memory of Temple member Dr. Arnold L. Segel, has over 20,000 books, audio- and visual-recordings, books on CD, journals and newspapers on Jewish subjects ranging from Bible to Zohar (mystical text). Temple Israel members, students, and staff may borrow materials from the library. The library is open to the public for reading and research on site. The librarian, who has over 25 years of experience, and her staff are available to help with individual research projects, and can help you find resources on any topic from just about any location, physical or virtual. The library is a member of the Massachusetts Library System's Inter-Library Loan program.

ClergyEdit

Senior RabbisEdit

Name Years Emeritus
Joseph Sachs 1854–1856
Joseph Shoninger 1856–1874
Solomon Schindler 1874–1894
Charles Fleischer 1894–1911
Harry Levi 1911–1939
Joshua L. Liebman 1936–1948
Abraham J. Klausner 1949–1953
Roland B. Gittelsohn 1953–1977 1977–1995[5]
Bernard H. Mehlman 1977–1999 1999–
Ronne Friedman 1999–2016 2016–
Elaine Zecher 2016–

Past ClergyEdit

  • Samuel Wolk, 1923-1929
  • Lawrence W. Schwartz, 1929-1930
  • Beryl D. Cohon, 1930-1939
  • Leo. A. Bergman, 1940-1942
  • David B. Alpert, 1943-1946
  • Albert A. Goldman, 1946-1948
  • Irving A. Mandel, 1948-1950
  • Earl A. Grollman, 1950-1951
  • Maurice L. Zigmund, 1951-1954
  • Leon A. Jick, 1954-1957
  • Robert W. Shapiro, 1957-1960
  • Charles A. Kroloff, 1960-1963
  • Harvey J. Fields, 1963-1968
  • Larry J. Halpern, 1967-1970
  • Frank M. Waldorf, 1968-1971
  • Paul J. Menitoff, 1970-1973
  • James B. Rosenberg, 1971-1974
  • Murray Simon (Cantor), 1972-1983
  • Paul J. Citrin, 1974-1983
  • Ronne Friedman, 1978-1994
  • Jeffrey A. Perry-Marx, 1983-1985
  • William L. Berkowitz, 1985-1990
  • Ruth Alpers, 1994-1999
  • Jonah D. Pesner, 1999-2006
  • Stephanie Kolin, 2006-2010
  • Jeremy Morrison, 2001-2016
  • Roy Einhorn (Cantor), 1983-2020

ArchitectureEdit

1885 buildingEdit

In 1884-85, the congregation erected the oldest purpose-built synagogue that remains standing in Massachusetts. The Rundbogenstil building, with twin towers and a rose window in the form of a Magen David stands at 600 Columbus Avenue, at the corner of Northampton. Today, it is the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.[6][7]

1906 buildingEdit

In 1906, the congregation moved to a new building that is now the Morse Auditorium of Boston University.[8]

1926 buildingEdit

In 1926, the congregation began work on a new temple, on the Riverway at Longwood Avenue in Roxbury, just across the Muddy River from Brookline. The "monumental", Classical building was planned to have an enormous, domed sanctuary, with flanking wings. Only the west wing, about one-fifth of the planned space, was completed before the stock market crash of 1929.[9]

1973 buildingEdit

The auditorium and religious school on Longwood Avenue were supplemented by a new, modernist sanctuary. Outside on the Riverway was an original abstract sculpture by Louise Nevelson, Sky Covenant.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Jews of Boston. Sarna, Jonathan D.; and Smith, Ellen (editors). Boston. 1995. p. 169.
  2. ^ The Jews of Boston. Sarna, Jonathan D.; and Smith, Ellen (editors). Boston. 1995. p. 170.
  3. ^ "Rabbi Elaine Zecher". Temple Israel website. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  4. ^ "Our Rabbis & Cantor". Temple Israel website. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
  5. ^ Stout, David (December 15, 1995). "Roland Gittelsohn, 85, Rabbi and a Marine Chaplain on Iwo Jima". New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  6. ^ The Jews of Boston. Sarna, Jonathan D.; and Smith, Ellen (editors). Boston. 1995. p. 176.
  7. ^ Gordon, Mark W., Rediscovering Jewish Infrastructure: Update on United States Nineteenth Century Synagogues. American Jewish History, 84.1, 1996, p. 11–27. 2019 article update.
  8. ^ The Jews of Boston. Sarna, Jonathan D.; and Smith, Ellen (editors). Boston. 1995. p. 177.
  9. ^ The Jews of Boston. Sarna, Jonathan D.; and Smith, Ellen (editors). Boston. 1995. p. 196.
  10. ^ "Our History". Temple Israel website. Retrieved October 20, 2016.

External linksEdit

  • tisrael.org, the official website of the Temple Israel congregation