Terbium(III) bromide

Summary

Terbium(III) bromide (TbBr3) is a crystalline chemical compound.[5]

Terbium(III) bromide
Terbium(III) bromide
Names
Other names
terbium tribromide
Identifiers
  • 14456-47-4 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ECHA InfoCard 100.034.932 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 238-442-3
  • 84452
  • DTXSID60932333 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/3BrH.Tb/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3
  • [Br-].[Br-].[Br-].[Tb+3]
Properties
TbBr3
Molar mass 398.637 g/mol
Appearance white powder (hexahydrate)[1]
Density 4.62 g/cm3[2]
Melting point 827[3] °C (1,521 °F; 1,100 K)
Boiling point 1,490[4] °C (2,710 °F; 1,760 K)
soluble[4]
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS07: Exclamation mark
Warning
H315, H319, H335
P261, P264, P271, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P321, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P403+P233, P405, P501
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Production and propertiesEdit

Terbiun(III) bromide can be produced by heating terbium metal or terbium(III) oxide with ammonium bromide.[6]

Tb2O3 + 6 NH4Br → 2 TbBr3 + 6 NH3 + 3 H2O

Solution of terbium(III) bromide can crystallize its hexahydrate. When heating it, it will dehydrate and produce some TbOBr.[7]

Terbium(III) bromide is a white solid that soluble in water.[4] It's crystal structure is same as bismuth iodide.[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ D. Brown, S. Fletcher, D. G. Holah (1968). "The preparation and crystallographic properties of certain lanthanide and actinide tribromides and tribromide hexahydrates". Journal of the Chemical Society A: Inorganic, Physical, Theoretical: 1889. doi:10.1039/j19680001889. ISSN 0022-4944. Retrieved 2020-05-29.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ americanelements.com: Terbium Bromide
  3. ^ Sigma-Aldrich Co., product no. 466344.
  4. ^ a b c CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 87th Edition, S. 4–94
  5. ^ "Terbium(III) bromide".
  6. ^ Gerd Meyer, Siegfried Dötsch, Thomas Staffel (January 1987). "The ammonium-bromide route to anhydrous rare earth bromides MBr3". Journal of the Less Common Metals. 127: 155–160. doi:10.1016/0022-5088(87)90372-9. Retrieved 2020-05-29.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ I. Mayer, S. Zolotov (September 1965). "The thermal decomposition of rare earth and yttrium bromide hydrates". Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry. 27 (9): 1905–1909. doi:10.1016/0022-1902(65)80042-2. Retrieved 2020-05-29.
  8. ^ Jean D'Ans, Ellen Lax (1997). Taschenbuch für Chemiker und Physiker. Springer DE. p. 1386. ISBN 354060035-3.