Tetramnestos (ruled c. 480–479 BCE) was, according to Herodotus, a King of Sidon who assisted the Achaemenid Emperor Xerxes I in the Second Persian invasion of Greece in 480 BCE.[1][2] Specifically, he is said to have served as the chief advisor of Xerxes in naval matters.[1] In effect, the Sidon fleet held a position of primacy among the naval forces of the Achaemenid Empire at that time, providing the best ships in the fleet, superior even to the fleet of Artemisia of Halicarnassus.[1] The Phoenicians furnished a fleet of 300 ships, "together with the Syrians of Palestine".[1]

Tetramnestos probably participated to the Battle of Salamis.


  1. ^ a b c d Kelly, Thomas (1 November 1987). "Herodotus and the Chronology of the Kings of Sidon". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. 268: 42-43. doi:10.2307/1356993. ISSN 0003-097X.
  2. ^ Elayi, Josette (2006). "The Role of the Phoenician Kings at the Battle of Salamis (480 B.C.E.)". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 126 (3): 411–418. ISSN 0003-0279.