Texas's 8th congressional district

Summary

Texas's 8th congressional district
Texas US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
Texas's 8th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Kevin Brady
RThe Woodlands
Distribution
  • 67.55% urban[1]
  • 32.45% rural
Population (2016)813,519[2]
Median income$70,846[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+28[4]

Texas's 8th congressional district of the United States House of Representatives includes Montgomery County and Walker County. It includes much of the northern outlying areas of metro Houston, including the Montgomery County precincts of Houston itself. The current Representative from the 8th district is Kevin Brady and has been since 1997. For the 2014 election cycle Craig McMichael, a veteran of the Marine Corps, and network engineer had challenged and lost to incumbent Kevin Brady in the Republican Primary. In the 2014 General Election, Brady faced off against the Libertarian Party candidate, Ken Petty of Spring, Texas, who won his nomination in the Libertarian District Convention. No Democrat ran. In the 2016 election, the 20-year incumbent was challenged by 3 challengers: Andre Dean, Craig McMichael, and Steve Toth. As of August 2017, Brady is expected to face Democrat Steven David in the 2018 election as well as Independent candidate Todd Carlton and Libertarian candidate Chris Duncan. David is the first Democrat to challenge Brady since the 2012 election.

History of Texas's 8th district

Texas received an eighth congressional district through reapportionment in 1881 as a result of population growth reflected in the 1880 Census and in 1883, James Francis Miller, a Democrat, was elected its first representative. From 1882-1892 the district was located in South Central Texas between Houston and San Antonio and was represented by Democrats. After 1893, the district was located in North Texas and was represented by a Republican representative from Fort Worth and then a Democrat from Weatherford. After the redistricting of 1902, the district shifted to Southeast Texas and the area outside of Houston and was represented by Congressmen from Huntsville, Hempstead and Richmond. From 1910-1959, the 8th district comprised all of Harris County and the city of Houston.

In 1958, part of southern Harris County became the 22nd district. The 8th and 22nd districts were separated by a boundary consisting roughly of what is now U.S. 290, the western and southern portions of Loop 610, and the portion of Buffalo Bayou east of downtown Houston including the Houston Ship Channel. Everything north of this boundary remained in the 8th.

The district was redrawn mid-decade in 1966 after the Supreme Court ruled in Wesberry v. Sanders two years earlier that congressional district populations had to be equal or close to equal in population. As a result, Houston was split between the 7th, 8th, 9th and 22nd districts. For the next 17 years, the 8th was anchored by northern Houston.

By the 1970s, the 8th district was beginning to move away from its traditional Democratic roots, and in 1980 it elected a Republican congressman, Jack Fields, over liberal seven-term incumbent Bob Eckhardt. After the 1980 Census, the 8th district was pushed further north to include conservative areas of northern Harris County (such as Fields' home in Humble) as well as the wealthier portions of Montgomery County, The 8th district's borders changed drastically in the 1990s round of redistricting, which was orchestrated by the Democratic-controlled state legislature as well as then-Congressman Martin Frost, the senior Democrat in the congressional delegation. The new 8th district was designed to pack in as many Republicans as possible and was described by some critics as the "dumbbell district" because of its strange shape. The western half of the district contained parts of Waller, Austin, and Washington counties, as well as much of Brazos County, which is home to the conservative bastion Texas A&M University. The eastern half of the district took in nearly all of now-heavily Republican Montgomery County, as well as Republican areas in northern Harris County. The two halves were joined together by a narrow tendril in Waller County. Fields continued to represent the district until his retirement in 1996, when he was succeeded by fellow Republican Kevin Brady.

The 8th district was made somewhat more compact after the 2000 census, taking in nearly all of Montgomery County and most of northern Harris County. However, it changed dramatically during the 2003 redistricting plan engineered by then-House Majority Leader Tom DeLay, a Republican from Texas's 22nd district. DeLay wanted to dislodge 4-term Democratic Congressman Jim Turner from the neighboring 2nd district, who represented a district located in East Texas that was predominantly rural and had begun moving away from its Democratic roots (Bush received 63% of the vote there in 2000). Brady's 8th district lost most of its share of Houston, instead absorbing nearly all of the southern portion of the old 2nd district. Although geographically the new 8th was more Turner's district than Brady's, half its population came from Brady's base in Montgomery County, which has as many people as the rest of the district combined. The new 8th district was so heavily Republican (Bush would have carried it in 2000 with 69% of the vote) that Turner declined to run for reelection. Brady has been reelected from this district four times with only nominal opposition.

2012 redistricting

Due to redistricting in 2012, Texas's 8th district lost its entire eastern half, with Orange, Newton, Jasper, Tyler, Hardin, Polk, and Liberty counties being removed from the district. Counties added include all of Trinity, Houston, Grimes, Madison, and the southern half of Leon County.[5]

List of members representing the district

District borders are periodically redrawn and some district residences may no longer be in the 8th district.

Member District residence Party Term Cong
ess
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1883
JamesFrancisMiller.jpg
James Francis Miller
Gonzales Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
[data unknown/missing]
Renominated but retired.
Littleton W. Moore (Texas Congressman).jpg
Littleton W. Moore
La Grange Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1893
50th
51st
52nd
[data unknown/missing]
Charles K. Bell.jpeg
Charles K. Bell
Fort Worth Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
[data unknown/missing]
Swtlanham.jpg
Samuel W.T. Lanham
Weatherford Democratic March 4, 1897 –
January 15, 1903
55th
56th
57th
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned to become Governor of Texas.
Vacant January 15, 1903 –
March 3, 1903
Thomas H. Ball (Texas Congressman).jpg
Thomas Henry Ball
Huntsville Democratic March 4, 1903 –
November 16, 1903
58th Redistricted from the 1st district.
Resigned.
Vacant November 16, 1903 –
November 17, 1903
John M. Pinckney.jpg
John M. Pinckney
Hempstead Democratic November 17, 1903 –
April 24, 1905
58th
59th
Elected to finish Ball's term.
Died.
Vacant April 24, 1905 –
June 6, 1905
59th
John Matthew Moore (Texas Congressman).jpg
John M. Moore
Richmond Democratic June 6, 1905 –
March 3, 1913
59th
60th
61st
62nd
Elected to finish Pinckney's term.
[data unknown/missing]
JoeHEagle.jpg
Joe H. Eagle
Houston Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[data unknown/missing]
DanielEGarrett.jpg
Daniel E. Garrett
Houston Democratic March 4, 1921 –
December 13, 1932
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant December 13, 1932 –
January 28, 1933
72nd
JoeHEagle.jpg
Joe H. Eagle
Houston Democratic January 28, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
72nd
73rd
74th
Elected to finish Garrett's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Albert Richard Thomas.jpg
Albert Thomas
Houston Democratic January 3, 1937 –
February 15, 1966
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant February 15, 1966 –
March 26, 1966
89th
Lera Millard Thomas.jpg
Lera Millard Thomas
Houston Democratic March 26, 1966 –
January 3, 1967
Elected to finish her husband's term.
Retired.
Robert C. Eckhardt.jpg
Bob Eckhardt
Houston Democratic January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1981
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
[data unknown/missing]
Lost re-election.
JackFields.jpg
Jack Fields
Humble Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1997
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Kevinbrady.jpeg
Kevin Brady
The Woodlands Republican January 3, 1997 –
present
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 1996.

Election results

US House election, 2010: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kevin Brady 161,257 79.5 +6.9
Democratic Kent Hargett 36,566 18.0 -6.8
Libertarian Bruce West 4,975 2.5 -0.1
US House election, 2008: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kevin Brady 207,128 72.56 +5.3
Democratic Kent Hargett 70,758 24.78 -7.9
Libertarian Brian Stevens 7,565 2.65 +1.2
US House election, 2006: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kevin Brady 105,665 67.27 -1.63
Democratic James "Jim" Wright 51,393 32.72 +3.02
US House election, 2004: Texas District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kevin Brady 179,599 68.9 -24.2
Democratic James Wright 77,324 29.7 +29.7
Libertarian Paul Hansen 3,705 1.4 -5.4

Historical district boundaries

2007 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=48&cd=08
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=48&cd=08
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ "DistrictViewer - Texas Legislative Council". Gis1.tlc.state.tx.us. Retrieved 2012-05-29.
  • Craig McMichael for Congress. [1]
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 30°50′00″N 95°32′37″W / 30.83333°N 95.54361°W / 30.83333; -95.54361