Thallium(I) oxide

Summary

Thallium(I) oxide
Tl2Ostructure.jpg
Tl2Ostructure2.jpg
Names
Other names
Thallous oxide
Identifiers
  • 1314-12-1 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ECHA InfoCard 100.013.838 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 215-220-4
  • 16684203
UNII
  • LHV2O5DWPQ checkY
  • DTXSID40894900 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1/O.2Tl/q-2;2*+1
  • O([Tl])[Tl]
Properties
Tl2O
Molar mass 424.77 g/mol
Appearance black orthorhombic crystals
hygroscopic
Density 10.45 g/cm3
Melting point 596 °C (1,105 °F; 869 K)
Boiling point 1,080 °C (1,980 °F; 1,350 K) (decomposes)
soluble
Solubility soluble in alcohol and acid
Structure
Rhombohedral, hR18[1]
R-3m, No. 166
Related compounds
Other cations
Thallium(III) oxide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Thallium(I) oxide is the inorganic compound of thallium and oxygen with the formula Tl2O in which thallium is in its +1 oxidation state. It is black and produces a basic yellow solution of thallium(I) hydroxide (TlOH) when dissolved in water. It is formed by heating solid TlOH or Tl2CO3 in the absence of air. Thallium oxide is used to make special high refractive index glass. Thallium oxide is a component of several high temperature superconductors. Thallium(I) oxide reacts with acids to make thallium(I) salts.

Tl2O adopts the anti-cadmium iodide structure in the solid state.[1] In this way, the Tl(I) centers are pyramidal and the oxide centers are octahedral.

Thallium(I) oxide, like all thallium compounds, is highly toxic.

References

  1. ^ a b Sabrowsky H. (1971). "Zur Darstellung und Kristallstruktur von Tl2O". Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie. 381 (3): 266. doi:10.1002/zaac.19713810305.

External links

  • U.S. Geological Survey – Thallium
  • Extract from The Columbia Encyclopedia