The Art of Grammar


The Art of Grammar (Greek: Τέχνη Γραμματική - or romanized, Téchnē Grammatikḗ) is a treatise on Greek grammar, attributed to Dionysius Thrax, who wrote in the 2nd century BC.


It is the first work on grammar in Greek, and also the first concerning a Western language.

It sought mainly to help speakers of Koine Greek understand the language of Homer, and other great poets of the past.[1]

It has become a source for how ancient texts should be acted out based on the experience from commonly read ancient authors.[2]

There are six parts to understanding grammar including trained reading by understanding the dialect from certain poetical figures.[3]

There is a nine-part word classification system, which strayed away from the previous eight-part classification system.[4]


It was translated into Syriac by Joseph Huzaya of the school of Nisibis in the 6th century.[5]

It was also translated into Armenian.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "The Art of Grammar", Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 15 July 2010.
  2. ^ Mitchell, Jack (2015). "Literary Performance in the Imperial Schoolroom as Historical Reënactment: The Evidence of the Colloquia, Scholia to Canonical Works, and Scholia to the Techne of Dionysius Thrax". American Journal of Philology. 136 (3): 469–502. doi:10.1353/ajp.2015.0012. ISSN 1086-3168.
  3. ^ "Die Fragmente des Grammatikers Dionysios Thrax", Die Fragmente des Grammatikers Dionysios Thrax. Die Fragmente der Grammatiker Tyrannion und Diokles. Apions Glossai Homerikai, Berlin, New York: DE GRUYTER, pp. 1–78, retrieved 2021-12-08
  4. ^ Schenkeveld, Dirk M. (1983). "Linguistic Theories in the Rhetorical Works of Dionysius of Halicarnassus". Glotta. 61 (1/2): 67–94. ISSN 0017-1298.
  5. ^ Margherita Farina (2008), "Diathesis and Middle Voice in the Syriac Ancient Grammatical Tradition: The Translations and Adaptations of the Téchne Grammatiké and the Arabic Model", Aramaic Studies, 6 (2): 175–193.

External linksEdit

  •   Greek Wikisource has original text related to this article: Τέχνη Γραμματική
  •   English Wikisource has original text related to this article: The grammar of Dionysios Thrax
  • Art of Grammar in Greek on Bibliotheca Augustana
  • The Grammar of Dionysios Thrax, translation by Thomas Davidson
  • The Grammar of Dionysius Thrax, translation by Anthony Alcock