is a 1981 book by The Nine Nations of North America Joel Garreau, in which the author suggests that North America can be divided into nine nations, which have distinctive economic and cultural features. He also argues that conventional national and state borders are largely artificial and irrelevant, and that his "nations" provide a more accurate way of understanding the true nature of North American society. The work has been called "a classic text on the current regionalization of North America".
The nine nations Edit
Approximate map of the Nine Nations of North America with each of their capitals
– an expanded version including not only New England Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island, Massachusetts and Connecticut (although omitting the southwestern portion of Connecticut within the New York metropolitan area), but also the Canadian Atlantic provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador. Capital: Boston.
– the The Foundry by-then-declining industrial areas of the northeastern United States and Great Lakes region stretching from New York City to Milwaukee and down to the suburbs of Washington DC in Northern Virginia, and including Chicago, Indianapolis, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Toledo, Philadelphia, and Southern Ontario. Capital: Detroit.
– the former Dixie Confederate States of America (today the southeastern United States) centered on Atlanta, and including most of eastern Texas. While northern Virginia and Maryland are culturally not part of Dixie, he includes most of Virginia and West Virginia in "Dixie" as well as  Kentucky; southern and southeastern portions of Missouri, southern Illinois, and southern Indiana; and the " Little Dixie" region of southeastern Oklahoma. Finally, the region also includes most of Florida, as far south as the cities of Fort Myers and Naples. Capital: Atlanta.
The – most of the Breadbasket Great Plains states and part of the Prairie provinces: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, the Dakotas, almost all of Oklahoma, parts of Missouri, western Wisconsin, eastern Colorado, the eastern edge of New Mexico, central Illinois, a portion of Indiana, and North Texas. Also included are some of Northern Ontario and southern Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Capital: Kansas City.
The Islands – The South Florida metropolitan area, the Everglades and Florida Keys, and the Caribbean. Capital: Miami.
Mexamerica – the southern and Central Valley portions of California as well as southern Arizona, the portion of Texas bordering on the Rio Grande, most of New Mexico, northern Mexico, and the Baja California Peninsula. Capital: Los Angeles.
Ecotopia – the Pacific Northwest coast west of the Cascade Range and the Coast Mountains, as well as several Alaskan Pacific Coast Ranges, stretching from Alaska down through coastal British Columbia, Washington state, Oregon, and into California just north of Santa Barbara. Capital: San Francisco.
The Empty Quarter – most of Alaska, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, Idaho, Montana and Colorado from Denver west, as well as the eastern portions of Oregon, California, Washington, all of Alberta and Northern Canada (including what is now Nunavut), northern Arizona, parts of New Mexico (mainly the area controlled by the Navajo Nation), and British Columbia east of the Coast Ranges. Capital: Denver. – the primarily Quebec French-speaking province of Canada, which held unsuccessful referenda on secession in 1980 and 1995. Capital: Quebec City.
Garreau also discussed several areas that he termed "aberrations":
Despite their presence within North America, Garreau did not assign the central and southern regions of the country of Mexico to any of his nine nations.
Paul Meartz of
Mayville State University called The Nine Nations of North America "a classic text on the current regionalization of North America".  See also Edit Notes Edit
^ Nine Nations of North America, 30 Years Later
^ World Regional Geography & Anthropology: Notes Archived 2008-08-28 at the
Wayback Machine Further reading Edit
American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America (2011) Colin Woodard, ISBN 978-0143122029 Our Patchwork Nation: The Surprising Truth About the "Real" America (2009) Dante Chinni and James Gimpel External links Edit
The Nine Nations of North America Garreau's original map and detailed statistics
Garreau's analysis summarized