Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station


Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station
Rohini rocket.jpg
Launch of RH-300 Mk2 from TERLS
LocationThumba, Thiruvananthapuram, India
Coordinates8°32′34″N 76°51′32″E / 8.54278°N 76.85889°E / 8.54278; 76.85889
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Short nameTERLS
Established21 November 1963; 56 years ago (21 November 1963)

The Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) is an Indian spaceport established on 21 November 1963.[1] Operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), it is located in Thumba, Thiruvananthapuram which is near the southern tip of mainland India, very close to earth's magnetic equator. It is currently used by ISRO for launching sounding rockets.[1]

The first rockets were assembled in former St Louis High School, which houses now a space museum [2].


Thumba's [3] location at 8°32'34" N and 76°51'32" E is ideal for low-altitude, upper atmosphere and ionosphere studies. Thumba is a small fishing village situated close to the Thiruvananthapuram airport in Kerala.[4] Thumba is also one of the farthest points from Pakistan, China, Afganistan and Bangladesh. [5]


  1. ^ a b "Sounding Rockets - ISRO". Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  2. ^ "Transported on a Bicycle, Launched from a Church: The Amazing Story of India's First Rocket Launch". The Better India. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  3. ^ Ley, Willy (June 1964). "Anyone Else for Space?". For Your Information. Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 110–128. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |authpoiut2= (help)
  4. ^ "Forty years in Space". India Abroad. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  5. ^

External links

  • Official website of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre

Coordinates: 8°32′34″N 76°51′32″E / 8.54278°N 76.85889°E / 8.54278; 76.85889