As of 2012, Time had a circulation of 3.3 million, making it the 11th-most-circulated magazine in the United States and the second-most-circulated weekly behind People. In July 2017, its circulation was 3,028,013; this was cut down to 2 million by late 2017. The print edition has a readership of 1.6 million, 1 million of whom are based in the United States.
Time has been based in New York City since its first issue published on March 3, 1923, by Briton Hadden and Henry Luce. It was the first weekly news magazine in the United States. The two had previously worked together as chairman and managing editor, respectively, of the Yale Daily News. They first called the proposed magazine Facts, wanting to emphasize brevity so a busy man could read it in an hour. They changed the name to Time and used the slogan "Take Time – It's Brief". Hadden was considered carefree and liked to tease Luce. He saw Time as important but also fun, which accounted for its heavy coverage of celebrities and politicians, the entertainment industry and pop culture, criticizing it as too light for serious news.
Time set out to tell the news through people, and until the late 1960s, the magazine's cover depicted a single person. More recently, Time has incorporated "People of the Year" issues which grew in popularity over the years. The first issue of Time featured Joseph G. Cannon, the retired Speaker of the House of Representatives, on its cover; a facsimile reprint of Issue No. 1, including all of the articles and advertisements contained in the original, was included with copies of the magazine's issue from February 28, 1938, in commemoration of its 15th anniversary. The cover price was 15¢ (equivalent to $2.39 in 2021). On Hadden's death in 1929, Luce became the dominant man at Time and a major figure in the history of 20th century media. According to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1972–2004 by Robert Elson, "Roy Edward Larsen ... was to play a role second only to Luce's in the development of Time Inc". In his book The March of Time, 1935–1951, Raymond Fielding also noted that Larsen was "originally circulation manager and then general manager of Time, later publisher of Life, for many years president of Time Inc., and in the long history of the corporation the most influential and important figure after Luce".
Around the time they were raising $100,000 from wealthy Yale alumni such as Henry P. Davison, partner of J.P. Morgan & Co., publicity man Martin Egan and J.P. Morgan & Co. banker Dwight Morrow; Henry Luce and Briton Hadden hired Larsen in 1922 – although Larsen was a Harvard graduate and Luce and Hadden were Yale graduates. After Hadden died in 1929, Larsen purchased 550 shares of Time Inc., using money he obtained from selling RKO stock he had inherited from his father, who was the head of the Benjamin Franklin Keith theater chain in New England. However, after Briton Hadden's death, the largest Time, Inc. stockholder was Henry Luce, who ruled the media conglomerate in an autocratic fashion; "at his right hand was Larsen", Time's second-largest stockholder, according to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941. In 1929, Roy Larsen was also named a Time Inc. director and vice president. J. P. Morgan retained a certain control through two directorates and a share of stocks, both over Time and Fortune. Other shareholders were Brown Brothers W. A. Harriman & Co., and the New York Trust Company (Standard Oil).
The Time Inc. stock owned by Luce at the time of his death was worth about $109 million, and it had been yielding him a yearly dividend of more than $2.4 million, according to Curtis Prendergast's The World of Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Changing Enterprise 1957–1983. The Larsen family's Time stock was worth around $80 million during the 1960s, and Roy Larsen was both a Time Inc. director and the chairman of its executive committee, later serving as Time's vice chairman of the board until the middle of 1979. On September 10, 1979, The New York Times wrote, "Mr. Larsen was the only employee in the company's history given an exemption from its policy of mandatory retirement at age 65."
After Time magazine began publishing its weekly issues in March 1923, Roy Larsen was able to increase its circulation by using U.S. radio and movie theaters around the world. It often promoted both Time magazine and U.S. political and corporate interests. According to The March of Time, as early as 1924, Larsen had brought Time into the infant radio business with the broadcast of a 15-minute sustaining quiz show entitled Pop Question which survived until 1925". Then in 1928, Larsen "undertook the weekly broadcast of a 10-minute programme series of brief news summaries, drawn from current issues of Time magazine ... which was originally broadcast over 33 stations throughout the United States".
Larsen next arranged for the 30-minute radio program The March of Time to be broadcast over CBS beginning on March 6, 1931. Each week, the program presented a dramatization of the week's news for its listeners; thus Time magazine itself was brought "to the attention of millions previously unaware of its existence", according to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941, leading to an increased circulation of the magazine during the 1930s. Between 1931 and 1937, Larsen's The March of Time radio program was broadcast over CBS radio, and between 1937 and 1945, it was broadcast over NBC radio – except between 1939 and 1941, when it was not aired. People magazine was based on Time's "People" page.
In 2007, Time moved from a Monday subscription/newsstand delivery to a schedule where the magazine goes on sale Fridays, and is delivered to subscribers on Saturday. The magazine actually began in 1923 with Friday publication.
In early 2007, the year's first issue was delayed for roughly a week due to "editorial changes", including the layoff of 49 employees.
In 2009, Time announced that they were introducing Mine, a personalized print magazine mixing content from a range of Time Warner publications based on the reader's preferences. The new magazine was met with a poor reception, with criticism that its focus was too broad to be truly personal.
The magazine has an online archive with the unformatted text for every article published. The articles are indexed and were converted from scanned images using optical character recognition technology. The minor errors in the text are remnants of the conversion into digital format.
In January 2013, Time Inc. announced that it would cut nearly 500 jobs – roughly 6% of its 8,000 staff worldwide. Although Time magazine has maintained high sales, its ad pages have declined significantly over time.
Also in January 2013, Time Inc. named Martha Nelson as the first female editor-in-chief of its magazine division. In September 2013, Nancy Gibbs was named as the first female managing editor of Time magazine.
In September 2018, Meredith Corporation announced that it would re-sell Time to Marc Benioff and his wife Lynne for $190 million, a transaction completed on October 31. Although Benioff is the chairman and co-CEO of Salesforce.com, Time was to remain separate from that company and Benioff would not be involved in the magazine's daily operations. The sale was completed on October 31, 2018. Time USA LLC, the parent company of the magazine, is owned by Marc Benioff.
From 1942 until 1979, Time had a Canadian edition that included an insert of five pages of locally produced content as well as occasional Canadian covers. Following changes in the tax status of Canadian editions of American magazines, Time closed Canadian bureaus, except for Ottawa, and published identical content to the US edition but with Canadian advertising. In December 2008, Time discontinued publishing a Canadian advertiser edition.
During the second half of 2009, the magazine had a 34.9% decline in newsstand sales. During the first half of 2010, another decline of at least one-third in Time magazine sales occurred. In the second half of 2010, Time magazine newsstand sales declined by about 12% to just over 79,000 copies per week.
As of 2012, it had a circulation of 3.3 million, making it the 11th-most circulated magazine in the United States, and the second-most circulated weekly behind People. As of July 2017, its circulation was 3,028,013. In October 2017, Time cut its circulation to two million. The print edition has a readership of 1.6 million, 1 million of whom are based in the United States.
Time initially possessed a distinctively "acerbic, irreverent style", largely created by Haddon and sometimes called "Timestyle". Timestyle made regular use of inverted sentences, as famously parodied in 1936 by Wolcott Gibbs in The New Yorker: "Backward ran sentences until reeled the mind ... Where it all will end, knows God!"Time also coined or popularized many neologisms like "socialite", "guesstimate", "televangelist", "pundit", and "tycoon", as well as some less successful ones like "cinemactress" and "radiorator".Time introduced the name "World War II" in 1939. The false title construction was popularized by Time and indeed is sometimes called a "Time-style adjective".
Since its first issue, Time has had a "Milestones" section about significant events in the lives of famous people, including births, marriages, divorces, and deaths. Until 1967, entries in Milestones were short and formulaic. A typical example from 1956:
Died. Lieut, (j.g.) David Greig ("Skippy") Browning Jr., 24, star of the 1952 Olympics as the U.S.'s dazzling three-meter diving champion, national collegiate one-and three-meter diving champ (1951-52); in the crash of a North American FJ-3 Fury jet fighter while on a training flight; near Rantoul, Kans.
A reader wrote a parody of the older form to announce the change:
Died. Time's delightful but confusing habit of listing names, ages, claims to fame and other interesting tidbits about the famous newly deceased in its Milestones notices; then the circumstances of, and places where, the deaths occurred; of apparent good sentence structure; in New York.
Until the mid-1970s, Time had a weekly "Listings" section with capsule summaries or reviews of current significant films, plays, musicals, television programs, and literary bestsellers similar to The New Yorker's "Current Events" section.
Time is also known for the red border on its cover, introduced in 1927. The border has only been changed seven times since 1927:
The special issue released shortly after the September 11 attacks on the United States had a black border to symbolize mourning. The next regularly scheduled issue returned to the red border.
On December 31, 2012, the cover had a silver border, celebrating Barack Obama's selection as Person of the Year.
On November 28 and December 5, 2016, the magazine had a silver border covering the "Most Influential Photos of All Time".
The issue from June 15, 2020, covering the protests surrounding the murder of George Floyd, was the first time that the cover's border included names of people. The cover, by artist Titus Kaphar, depicts an African-American mother holding her child.
The issues from September 21 and 28, 2020, covering the American response to the coronavirus pandemic, had a black border.
Former president Richard Nixon has been among the most frequently-featured on the cover of Time, having appeared 55 times from August 25, 1952, to May 2, 1994.
In October 2020, the magazine replaced its logo with the word "Vote", explaining that "Few events will shape the world to come more than the result of the upcoming US presidential election".
In 2007, Time redesigned the magazine in order to update and modernize the format. Among other changes, the magazine reduced the red cover border to promote featured stories, enlarged column titles, reduced the number of featured stories, increased white space around articles, and accompanied opinion pieces with photographs of the writers. The changes were met with both criticism and praise.
Person of the YearEdit
Time's most famous feature throughout its history has been the annual "Person of the Year" (formerly "Man of the Year") cover story, in which Time recognizes the individual or group of individuals who have had the biggest impact on news headlines over the past 12 months. The distinction is supposed to go to the person who, "for good or ill", has most affected the course of the year; it is, therefore, not necessarily an honor or a reward. In the past, such figures as Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin have been Man of the Year.
In 2006, Person of the Year was "You", and was met with split reviews. Some thought the concept was creative; others wanted an actual person of the year. Editors Pepper and Timmer reflected that, if it had been a mistake, "we're only going to make it once".
In 2017, Time named the "Silence Breakers", people who came forward with personal stories of sexual harassment, as Person of the Year.
In recent years, Time has assembled an annual list of the 100 most influential people of the year. Originally, they had made a list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. These issues usually have the front cover filled with pictures of people from the list and devote a substantial amount of space within the magazine to the 100 articles about each person on the list. In some cases, over 100 people have been included, as when two people have made the list together, sharing one spot.
In February 2016, Time mistakenly included the male author Evelyn Waugh on its "100 Most Read Female Writers in College Classes" list (he was 97th on the list). The error created much media attention and concerns about the level of basic education among the magazine's staff.Time later issued a retraction. In a BBC interview with Justin Webb, Professor Valentine Cunningham of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, described the mistake as "a piece of profound ignorance on the part of Time magazine".
Red X coversEdit
Time red X covers: from left to right, Adolf Hitler, Saddam Hussein, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, and Osama bin Laden
During its history, on six occasions, Time has released a special issue with a cover showing an X scrawled over the face of a man or a national symbol. The first Time magazine with a red X cover was released on May 7, 1945, showing a red X over Adolf Hitler's face. The second X cover was released more than three months later on August 20, 1945, with a black X (to date, the magazine's only such use of a black X) covering the flag of Japan, representing the recent surrender of Japan and which signaled the end of World War II. Fifty-eight years later, on April 21, 2003, Time released another issue with a red X over Saddam Hussein's face, two weeks after the start of the Invasion of Iraq. On June 13, 2006, Time printed a red X cover issue following the death of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in a U.S. airstrike in Iraq. The second most recent red X cover issue of Time was published on May 2, 2011, after the death of Osama bin Laden. As of 2022[update], the most recent red X cover issue of Time features a red X scrawled over the year 2020 and the declaration "the worst year ever".
Cover logo replaced by "Vote" logoEdit
The November 2, 2020, issue of the U.S. edition of the magazine was the first time that the cover logo "TIME" was not used. The cover of that issue used the word "VOTE" as a replacement logo, along with artwork by Shepard Fairey of a voter wearing a pandemic face mask, accompanied by information on how to vote. The magazine's editor-in-chief and CEO Edward Felsenthal explained this decision for a one-time cover logo change as a "rare moment, one that will separate history into before and after for generations".
Time for KidsEdit
Time for Kids is a division magazine of Time that is especially published for children and is mainly distributed in classrooms. TFK contains some national news, a "Cartoon of the Week", and a variety of articles concerning popular culture. An annual issue concerning the environment is distributed near the end of the U.S. school term. The publication rarely exceeds ten pages front and back.
Time LightBox is a photography blog created and curated by the magazine's photo department that was launched in 2011. In 2011, Life picked LightBox for its Photo Blog Awards.
In 1940, William Saroyan lists the full Time editorial department in the play, Love's Old Sweet Song.
This 1940 snapshot includes:
Editor: Henry R. Luce
Managing Editors: Manfred Gottfried, Frank Norris, T.S. Matthews
Associate Editors: Carlton J. Balliett Jr., Robert Cantwell, Laird S. Goldsborough, David W. Hulburd Jr., John Stuart Martin, Fanny Saul, Walter Stockly, Dana Tasker, Charles Weretenbaker
Contributing Editors: Roy Alexander, John F. Allen, Robert W. Boyd Jr., Roger Butterfield, Whittaker Chambers, James G. Crowley, Robert Fitzgerald, Calvin Fixx, Walter Graebner, John Hersey, Sidney L. James, Eliot Janeway, Pearl Kroll, Louis Kronenberger, Thomas K. Krug, John T. McManus, Sherry Mangan, Peter Matthews, Robert Neville, Emeline Nollen, Duncan Norton-Taylor, Sidney A. Olson, John Osborne, Content Peckham, Green Peyton, Williston C. Rich Jr., Winthrop Sargeant, Robert Sherrod, Lois Stover, Leon Svirsky, Felice Swados, Samuel G. Welles Jr., Warren Wilhelm, and Alfred Wright Jr.
Editorial Assistants: Ellen May Ach, Sheila Baker, Sonia Bigman, Elizabeth Budelrnan, Maria de Blasio, Hannah Durand, Jean Ford, Dorothy Gorrell, Helen Gwynn, Edith Hind, Lois Holsworth, Diana Jackson, Mary V. Johnson, Alice Lent, Kathrine Lowe, Carolyn Marx, Helen McCreery, Gertrude McCullough, Mary Louise Mickey, Anna North, Mary Palmer, Tabitha Petran, Elizabeth Sacartoff, Frances Stevenson, Helen Vind, Eleanor Welch, and Mary Welles.
^"Instant History: Review of First Issue with Cover". Brycezabel.com. March 3, 1923. Archived from the original on June 24, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
^Levin, Gerald M. (January 16, 1995). "In the Shoes of Henry R. Luce". Fortune. Archived from the original on April 7, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
^abalk2 (January 19, 2007). "Time Inc. Layoffs: Surveying the Wreckage". Gawker. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2007.
^"Time's foray into personal publishing". April 27, 2009. Archived from the original on April 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2007.
^"Time Inc. Cutting Staff". Wall Street Journal. January 30, 2013. Archived from the original on February 17, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
^Greenslade, Roy (January 31, 2013). "Time Inc to Shed 500 Jobs". Greenslade Blog. The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
^ abHaughney, Christine (September 17, 2013). "Time Magazine Names Its First Female Managing Editor". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 1, 2017. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
^Ember, Sydney; Ross, Andrew (November 26, 2017). "Time Inc. Sells Itself to Meredith Corp., Backed by Koch Brothers". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 26, 2017. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
^Spangler, Todd (March 21, 2018). "Meredith Laying Off 1,200, Will Explore Sale of Time, SI, Fortune and Money Brands". Variety. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
^Graham-Harrison, Emma (August 5, 2017). "Top journalist sues Time magazine for 'sex and age discrimination'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 9, 2020.
^Mayer v. Time, Inc, No. 1:2017cv05613 Archived August 9, 2020, at the Wayback Machine
^Thorpe, Thorpe; Graham-Harrison, Emma (September 8, 2018). "Sandi Toksvig sparks new gender pay row over QI fee". The Guardian. Archived from the original on August 9, 2020.
^Shu, Catherine (September 17, 2018). "Marc and Lynne Benioff was to buy Time from Meredith for $190M". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on September 17, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018..
^Levine, Jon (December 14, 2018). "Time Magazine Staffs Up Under New Ownership". thewrap.com. Archived from the original on June 7, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
^"Time Still in the Black in Canada". The New York Times. January 2, 1981. Archived from the original on December 6, 2021. Retrieved December 6, 2021.
^"Time Canada to close". Mastheadonline.com. December 10, 2008. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
^Clifford, Stephanie (February 8, 2010). "Magazines' Newsstand Sales Fall 9.1 Percent". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 3, 2019. Retrieved March 20, 2010.
^Byers, Dylan (August 7, 2012). "Time Magazine still on top in circulation". Politico. Archived from the original on July 19, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
^Trachtenberg, Jeffrey A. (October 10, 2017). "For Time Inc.'s Magazines, Fewer Copies Is the Way Forward". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on March 24, 2018. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
^ abDavid E. Sumner, The Magazine Century: American Magazines Since 1900, 2010, ISBN 1433104938, p. 62
^Ross, Harold Wallace; White, Katharine Sergeant Angell (1936). The New Yorker – Google Books. Archived from the original on August 14, 2021. Retrieved January 26, 2014.
^Firebaugh, Joseph J. (1940). "The Vocabulary of 'Time' Magazine". American Speech. 15 (3): 232–242. doi:10.2307/486963. JSTOR 486963. Archived from the original on September 28, 2021. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
^Meyer, Charles F. (2002), "Pseudo-titles in the Press Genre of Various Components of the International Corpus of English", in Reppen, Randi; Fitzmaurice, Susan M.; Biber, Douglas (eds.), Using Corpora to Explore Linguistic Variation, John Benjamins Publishing Co., pp. 147–166, ISBN 90-272-2279-7, archived from the original on August 8, 2021, retrieved May 27, 2009
^Merriam-Webster, Incorporated (1994), Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of English Usage (2nd ed.), p. 429, ISBN 0-87779-132-5, archived from the original on August 8, 2021, retrieved May 23, 2009.
^Bernstein, Theodore M. (1965), The Careful Writer: A Modern Guide to English Usage (2nd ed.), Simon and Schuster, p. 107, ISBN 0-684-82632-1, archived from the original on August 8, 2021, retrieved May 23, 2009.
^Wilson, Kenneth G. (1993), The Columbia Guide to Standard American English, Columbia University Press, pp. 188–189, ISBN 978-0-231-06989-2, archived from the original on August 9, 2021, retrieved May 23, 2009.
^"Milestones", Time June 25, 1965 Archived August 8, 2021, at the Wayback Machine
^"Milestones 2016", Time, December 28, 2016 Archived August 8, 2021, at the Wayback Machine
^"Milestones", Time March 26, 1956 Archived August 8, 2021, at the Wayback Machine
^Betsy Tremont, Letter to the Editor, in "A Letter from the Publisher", Time October 13, 1967 Archived August 8, 2021, at the Wayback Machine
^"Time Magazine archives". Time. Archived from the original on August 9, 2001.
^Lin, Tao (September 21, 2010). "Great American Novelist". TheStranger.com. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
^MSNBC-TV report by Andrea Mitchell, April 17, 2008, 1:45 pm .
^Pine, D. W. (June 4, 2020). "The Story Behind Time's George Floyd Cover". Time. Archived from the original on October 1, 2021. Retrieved October 1, 2021.
^Felsenthal, Edward (September 10, 2020). "The Story Behind Time's Issue Marking Nearly 200,000 U.S. Deaths—and Why Its Border Is Black For the Second Time in History". Time. Archived from the original on September 11, 2020. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
^Protin, Corey; Lily Rothman (August 6, 2014). "Watch: The Rise and Fall of Richard Nixon in Time Covers". Time. Archived from the original on August 18, 2018. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
^"Time Magazine Changes Its Logo for the First Time". BELatina. October 26, 2020. Archived from the original on October 31, 2020. Retrieved October 26, 2020.
^Edward Felsenthal (editor-in-chief and chief executive), "Time Replaced Its Logo on the Cover For the First Time in Its Nearly 100-Year History. Here's Why We Did It", Time, October 22, 2020 Archived October 26, 2020, at the Wayback Machine
^"Reinventing Time magazine - Features". Digital Arts. Archived from the original on November 8, 2021. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
^Hagan, Joe (March 4, 2007). "The Time of Their Lives". NYMag.com. New York Magazine. Archived from the original on October 9, 2019. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
^Nussbaum, Bruce (March 25, 2007). "Does The Redesign of Time Magazine Mean It Has A New Business Model As Well?". Bloomberg Businessweek. Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on August 18, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
^Will, George F. (December 21, 2006). "Full Esteem Ahead". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on October 18, 2017. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
^"The Time of Their Lives". Archived from the original on October 9, 2019. Retrieved April 22, 2007.
^"Time's Person of the Year: 'Silence Breakers' speaking out against sexual harassment". USA Today. Archived from the original on May 24, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
^"Best Soundtracks". Time. February 12, 2005. Archived from the original on May 24, 2005.
^Corliss, Richard (June 2, 2005). "That Old Feeling: Secrets of the All-Time 100". Time. Archived from the original on August 11, 2010.
^Poniewozik, James (September 6, 2007). "The 100 Best TV Shows of All-Time". Time. Archived from the original on October 28, 2007.
^"All-Time 100 Fashion Icons". Time. April 2, 2012. Archived from the original on November 21, 2019. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
^ abDeutschmann, Jennifer (February 25, 2016). "Evelyn Waugh: 'Time' Names Male Writer In List Of '100 Most Read Female Authors'". The Inquisitr. Archived from the original on March 1, 2020. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
^"Time magazine correction: Evelyn Waugh was not a woman". BBC News. February 26, 2016. Archived from the original on September 30, 2018. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
^Gustini, Ray (May 2, 2011). "A Brief History of Time Magazine's 'X' Covers". The Wire. Archived from the original on June 23, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
^A. Waxman, Olivia (December 5, 2020). "The History Behind Time's Use of a Red 'X' on Its Cover". Time. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
^Ritschel, Chelsea (December 8, 2020). "Time Declares 2020 'the Worst Year Ever' On Its Latest Cover". The Independent. Archived from the original on December 7, 2020. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
^Felsenthal, Edward (October 22, 2020). "Time Replaced Its Logo on the Cover For the First Time in Its Nearly 100-Year History. Here's Why We Did It". time.com. Time. Archived from the original on October 24, 2020. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
^Laurent, Olivier (July 31, 2013). "Changing Time: How LightBox has renewed Time's commitment to photography". British Journal of Photography. Archived from the original on January 18, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
^"Life.com's 2011 Photo Blog Awards", Life.com, as saved by the Wayback Machine on January 6, 2012. The citation reads:
"Elegant and commanding, intimate and worldly, Time magazine's beautifully designed LightBox blog is an essential destination for those who appreciate contemporary photography. Much more than photojournalism, Lightbox (which, like LIFE.com, is owned by Time Inc.) explores today's new documentary and fine art photography from the perspective of the photo editors at Time – arguably the strongest editors working in their field today. LightBox offers fascinating dispatches from every corner of the world".
^"Richard Stengel". Time Media Kit. Time Inc. July 30, 2012. Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2012.
^ abMaza, Erik (September 17, 2013). "Nancy Gibbs Named Time's Managing Editor". WWD. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved September 17, 2013.
^Snider, Mike (September 14, 2017). "Time magazine names Edward Felsenthal as new editor-in-chief". USA Today. Archived from the original on October 26, 2017. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
^ abc"Guide to the Time Inc. Records Overview 1853–2015". New-York Historical Society. July 23, 2018. Archived from the original on March 20, 2021. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
^Blackman, Ann. "Ann Blackman – Off to Save the World: How Julia Taft Made a Difference". Promotional website. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved January 28, 2012.
^Saroyan, William (1940). Love's Old Sweet Song: A Play in Three Acts. Samuel French. pp. 71–73. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
Baughman, James L. (2011), "Henry R. Luce and the Business of Journalism" (PDF), Business & Economic History On-Line, vol. 9, archived from the original (PDF) on April 2, 2015, retrieved October 8, 2018
Baughman, James L. (April 28, 2004), Henry R. Luce and the Rise of the American News Media, American Masters, retrieved October 8, 2018
Brinkley, Alan (2010), The Publisher: Henry Luce and His American Century, Alfred A. Knopf, ISBN 978-0307592910
Brinkley, Alan. What Would Henry Luce Make of the Digital Age?, Time (April 19, 2010) excerpt and text search
Elson, Robert T. Time Inc: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise, 1923–1941 (1968); vol. 2: The World of Time Inc.: The Intimate History, 1941–1960 (1973), official corporate history. vol 1 online also vol 2 online
Herzstein, Robert E. Henry R. Luce, Time, and the American Crusade in Asia (2006) online
Herzstein, Robert E. Henry R. Luce: A Political Portrait of the Man Who Created the American Century (1994). online
Maslin, Janet (April 20, 2010), "A Magazine Master Builder", Book review, The New York Times, p. C1, retrieved April 20, 2010
Wilner, Isaiah (2006), The Man Time Forgot: A Tale of Genius, Betrayal, and the Creation of Time Magazine, New York: HarperCollins, ISBN 978-0061747267
Time – official site
Time magazine vault – archive of magazines and covers from 1923 through present