Tin(IV) nitrate

Summary

Tin(IV) nitrate is a salt of tin with nitric acid. Unlike other nitrates it reacts with water to produce nitrogen dioxide.

Tin(IV) nitrate[1][2]
Names
Other names
  • Stannic nitrate
Identifiers
  • 13826-70-5
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ChemSpider
  • 8104756
ECHA InfoCard 100.222.600 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 694-339-7
  • 23278539
  • InChI=1S/4NO3.Sn/c4*2-1(3)4;/q4*-1;+4
    Key: YQMWDQQWGKVOSQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • [N+](=O)([O-])O[Sn](O[N+](=O)[O-])(O[N+](=O)[O-])O[N+](=O)[O-]
Properties
Molar mass 366.73 g/mol
Appearance Silky Crystals
Reacts
Solubility Soluble in carbon tetrachloride
Hazards
GHS labelling:
GHS03: Oxidizing GHS05: Corrosive
Danger
H272, H314
P220, P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

ProductionEdit

It was first prepared in the 1960s. Tin(IV) chloride was added to melted dinitrogen pentoxide which produced tin(IV) nitrate and nitryl chloride.[3]

Attempts to prepare this compound by reacting tin(II) oxide and nitric acid resulted in a formation of tin(II) nitrate hydroxide.[4]

ReactionsEdit

Tin(IV) nitrate reacts with trifloroacetic acid anhydride to yield (NO2+)2[Sn(OOCCF3)62−] which is a nitronium salt. With trifluoroacetic acid a similar compound solvated with trifluoroacetic acid is produced.[5]

It also reacts with acetic anhydride to produce tin(IV) acetate and with nitric oxide to produce tin(IV) oxynitrate.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tin(IV) Nitrate". American Elements. American Elements. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Tin(IV) nitrate". Sigma-Aldrich. Sigma-Aldrich. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  3. ^ Chemical Society (Great Britain) (1965). Journal of the Chemical Society. The Society. p. 598. Titles of chemical papers in British and foreign journals" included in Quarterly journal
  4. ^ J. D. Donaldson; W. Moser (1961). "Basic tin(II) nitrate". Journal of the Chemical Society (Resumed). 381: 1996–2000. doi:10.1039/JR9610001996.
  5. ^ Harrison, Philip G.; Khalil, Mutassim I.; Logan, Norman (January 1978). "A contribution to the chemistry of tin(IV) nitrate". Inorganica Chimica Acta. 30: 165–170. doi:10.1016/S0020-1693(00)89031-3.