3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||367.483 g/mol|
|Appearance||brown crystals |
|Melting point||39 °C (102 °F; 312 K)|
|Boiling point||230 °C (446 °F; 503 K)|
|Solubility in other solvents||chlorocarbons, benzene|
|cubic, Pa3, Z = 8|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|Titanium(IV) chloride |
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|(what is ?)|
Titanium tetrabromide is the chemical compound with the formula TiBr4. It is the most volatile transition metal bromide. The properties of TiBr4 are an average of TiCl4 and TiI4. Some key properties of these four-coordinated Ti(IV) species are their high Lewis acidity and their high solubility in nonpolar organic solvents. TiBr4 is diamagnetic, reflecting the d0 configuration of the metal centre.
This four-coordinated complex adopts a tetrahedral geometry. It can be prepared via several methods: (i) from the elements, (ii) via the reaction of TiO2 with carbon and bromine (see Kroll process), and (iii) by treatment of TiCl4 with HBr.
Titanium tetrabromide forms adducts such as TiBr4(THF)2 and [TiBr5]−. With bulky donor ligands, such as 2-methylpyridine (2-Mepy), five-coordinated adducts form. TiBr4(2-MePy) is trigonal bipyramidal with the pyridine in the equatorial plane.
The tetrabromide and tetrachlorides of titanium react to give a statistical mixture of the mixed tetrahalides, TiBr4−xClx (x = 0-4). The mechanism of this redistribution reaction is uncertain. One proposed pathway invokes the intermediacy of dimers.
TiBr4 hydrolyzes rapidly, potentially dangerously, to release hydrogen bromide, otherwise known as hydrobromic acid.