Tito Karnavian

Summary

Muhammad Tito Karnavian[1] (born 26 October 1964) is an Indonesian politician and retired police general who is currently serving as Minister of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia since 23 October 2019.[2][3] Previously, he was Chief of the Indonesian National Police from 13 July 2016 until 23 October 2019,[4] and was confirmed unanimously in the People's Representative Council,[5] replacing Badrodin Haiti.

Muhammad Tito Karnavian
Mendagri Tito Karnavian.jpg
Tito as Minister of Home Affairs
29th Minister of Home Affairs
Assumed office
23 October 2019
PresidentJoko Widodo
Vice PresidentMa'ruf Amin
Preceded byTjahjo Kumolo
23rd Chief of National Police of Indonesia
In office
13 July 2016 – 22 October 2019
PresidentJoko Widodo
Preceded byBadrodin Haiti
Succeeded byAri Dono Sukmanto (Acting)
Idham Azis
Chief of National Agency for Combating Terrorism (BNPT)
In office
16 March 2016 – 13 July 2016
Preceded bySaud Usman Nasution
Succeeded bySuhardi Alius
Personal details
Born (1964-10-26) 26 October 1964 (age 57)
Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia
Spouse(s)Tri Suswati
Children3
Alma mater"Akpol" (Indonesian National Police Academy) (1987)
University of Exeter (1993)
Nanyang Technological University (2013)
Awards"Adhi Makayasa" (1987)
Military service
Allegiance Indonesia
Branch/serviceInsignia of the Indonesian National Police.svg Indonesian National Police
Years of service1987–2019
RankPDU JEN.png Police-General
Unit"Reserse" (Crime investigation)

Early life and educationEdit

EducationEdit

Tito studied at SMA Negeri 2 Palembang and then continued his education at the Indonesian Military Academy in 1987 because it was free and did not want to burden his parents with fees. In 1993 , Tito completed his education at the University of Exeter in England and earned an MA in Police Studies, and completed his education at the College of Police Science (STIK) in Jakarta in 1996and earned a Bachelor's Degree in Police Studies.

Elementary school and junior high school are taken at Xaverius School, then senior high school is taken at SMA Negeri 2 Palembang. When he was in grade 3, Tito started taking the pilot exam. He passed all tests, starting from the Indonesian Armed Forces Academy, Medicine at Sriwijaya University , International Relations at Gadjah Mada University, and the State College of Accountancy. All four graduated, but the chosen one was the Indonesian Military Academy, especially the Police Academy.

EducationEdit

As Minister of Home AffairsEdit

FPI dissolvement

Tito rejected to extend the validity recommendation to hardline Islamic group Front Pembela Islam (FPI) by claiming that the group has a 'Islamic caliphate' (khilafah islamiyah) purpose which he connected with ISIS-style caliphate and without national ideology of 'Pancasila', while former Religion Minister Fachrul Razi had allowed the recommendation to the group as long as the members ready to vow that Pancasila as their ideology. This polemic leading to a force disbandment of Front Pembela Islam on 30 December 2020, after Fachrul Razi was replaced as Religion Minister.[7]

Decree on local leaders

During pandemic in 2020, he issued a ministerial decree claiming that local leaders (governors or mayors) would be directly sacked by Home Minister if they violated health regulations.[8] However, senior lawyer Yusril Ihza Mahendra explained that no minister, nor even president, had the rights to remove local leaders from their position because they were constitutionally elected by the people and only the parliament as people's representatives had the lawful rights to depose the local leaders through impeachment process.[9]

Split of West Papua

Shortly after his inauguration as Home Affairs Minister in October 2019, Tito confirmed that there would be a formation of a South Papua province, which was to be split from Papua.[10]

Later on, in April 2021, Tito proposed on splitting Western New Guinea into six provinces; Southwest Papua, West Papua, Central Papua, Central Mountains, South Papua, and Papua Tabi Saireri.[11][12]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Man With A Plan: Muhammad Tito Karnavian Signifies The Nation's Future". Indonesia Tatler. 11 October 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Tito Karnavian Jadi Mendagri, Fachrul Razi Menteri Agama" [Tito Karnavian becomes Home Minister, Fachrul Razi becomes Religious minister]. Detik.com. 23 October 2019. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  3. ^ "Indonesian President Jokowi announces new Cabinet". The Straits Times. 23 October 2019. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  4. ^ Chan, Francis (13 July 2016). "Indonesia's new police chief Tito tasked with unifying police force against crime, terrorism and graft". The Straits Times. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Aklamasi Komisi 3 DPR Setuju Tito Sebagai Kapolri Baru" [Unanimously Commission 3 DPR Agree Tito as Chief of Indonesia National Police]. Arah.com. 23 June 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  6. ^ Massey University
  7. ^ "Menteri Agama Tegaskan Rekomendasi SKT FPI Sudah Final". Merdeka (in Indonesian).
  8. ^ "Mendagri Teken Instruksi Protokol Kesehatan Kepala Daerah Melanggar Bisa Dicopot". Merdeka (in Indonesian).
  9. ^ "Yusril Tegaskan Kepala Daerah Tak Bisa Diberhentikan Mendagri Atau Presiden". Merdeka (in Indonesian).
  10. ^ "Tito Pastikan Provinsi Baru di Papua Bernama Papua Selatan". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 29 October 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  11. ^ "Pemekaran Papua, Tito Ingin Tiru Perubahan di Papua Barat". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 9 April 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
  12. ^ "Papua Ditarget Mekar Jadi 6 Provinsi, Perdebatan Masih Alot". CNN Indonesia (in Indonesian). 8 April 2021. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
Police appointments
Preceded by Chief of National Police of Indonesia
2016–2019
Succeeded by