Muhammad Tito Karnavian (born 26 October 1964) is an Indonesian politician and retired police general who is currently serving as Minister of Home Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia since 23 October 2019. Previously, he was Chief of the Indonesian National Police from 13 July 2016 until 23 October 2019, and was confirmed unanimously in the People's Representative Council, replacing Badrodin Haiti.
Muhammad Tito Karnavian
|29th Minister of Home Affairs|
|Assumed office |
23 October 2019
|Vice President||Ma'ruf Amin|
|Preceded by||Tjahjo Kumolo|
|23rd Chief of National Police of Indonesia|
13 July 2016 – 22 October 2019
|Preceded by||Badrodin Haiti|
|Succeeded by||Ari Dono Sukmanto (Acting)|
|Chief of National Agency for Combating Terrorism (BNPT)|
16 March 2016 – 13 July 2016
|Preceded by||Saud Usman Nasution|
|Succeeded by||Suhardi Alius|
|Born||26 October 1964|
Palembang, South Sumatera, Indonesia
|Alma mater||"Akpol" (Indonesian National Police Academy) (1987)|
University of Exeter (1993)
Nanyang Technological University (2013)
|Awards||"Adhi Makayasa" (1987)|
|Branch/service||Indonesian National Police|
|Years of service||1987–2019|
|Unit||"Reserse" (Crime investigation)|
Tito studied at SMA Negeri 2 Palembang and then continued his education at the Indonesian Military Academy in 1987 because it was free and did not want to burden his parents with fees. In 1993 , Tito completed his education at the University of Exeter in England and earned an MA in Police Studies, and completed his education at the College of Police Science (STIK) in Jakarta in 1996and earned a Bachelor's Degree in Police Studies.
Elementary school and junior high school are taken at Xaverius School, then senior high school is taken at SMA Negeri 2 Palembang. When he was in grade 3, Tito started taking the pilot exam. He passed all tests, starting from the Indonesian Armed Forces Academy, Medicine at Sriwijaya University , International Relations at Gadjah Mada University, and the State College of Accountancy. All four graduated, but the chosen one was the Indonesian Military Academy, especially the Police Academy.
Tito rejected to extend the validity recommendation to hardline Islamic group Front Pembela Islam (FPI) by claiming that the group has a 'Islamic caliphate' (khilafah islamiyah) purpose which he connected with ISIS-style caliphate and without national ideology of 'Pancasila', while former Religion Minister Fachrul Razi had allowed the recommendation to the group as long as the members ready to vow that Pancasila as their ideology. This polemic leading to a force disbandment of Front Pembela Islam on 30 December 2020, after Fachrul Razi was replaced as Religion Minister.
During pandemic in 2020, he issued a ministerial decree claiming that local leaders (governors or mayors) would be directly sacked by Home Minister if they violated health regulations. However, senior lawyer Yusril Ihza Mahendra explained that no minister, nor even president, had the rights to remove local leaders from their position because they were constitutionally elected by the people and only the parliament as people's representatives had the lawful rights to depose the local leaders through impeachment process.
Karnavian as Chief of National Agency for Combating Terrorism
Karnavian as Chief of National Police of Indonesia