Tokyo proportional representation block

Summary

The Tōkyō proportional representation block (Hirei [daihyō] Tōkyō burokku (比例[代表]東京ブロック)), or more formally the proportional representation tier "Tokyo Metropolis electoral district" (東京都選挙区, Tōkyō-to senkyo-ku), is one of eleven proportional representation (PR) "blocks", multi-member constituencies for the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. It consists solely of the prefecture of Tokyo making it one of two blocks covering only one prefecture, the other being Hokkaido. Following the introduction of proportional voting Tokyo elected 19 representatives by PR in the 1996 general election, and 17 since the election of 2000 when the total number of PR seats was reduced from 200 to 180.

Tokyo Proportional Representation Block
Parliamentary constituency
for the Japanese House of Representatives
Tōkyō Proportional Block.svg
Map of House of Representatives proportional blocks, with the Tōkyō block highlighted
PrefectureTokyo
Electorate11,385,086
Current constituency
Created1994
Seats17
Representatives17 (LDP-9, CDP-5, Ishin-3, Komeito-2, JCP-2, DPFP-1), Reiwa-1)

Summary of resultsEdit

Beyond remote parts of Western Tokyo on the mainland and the Izu and Ogasawara islands, Tokyo's population is concentrated in urban and suburban areas. Reformist and left-of-center parties have usually won a majority of votes and seats. In the landslide "postal privatization" election of 2005 though, the LDP won a record 2.6 million votes in Tokyo; it would have received eight seats but hadn't nominated enough candidates: Of its 30 PR list candidates, 24 concurrently ran in single-member districts as dual candidates; 23 won their district races, leaving only a total of seven list candidates to be elected by PR. One seat went to the SDP as it would have been assigned a hypothetical, 18th seat under the d'Hondt method.

general election LDP DPJ/
CDP ('17)
Komeito JCP SDP NFP ('96)/LP ('00)/
TPJ ('12)/PLP ('14)
YP/
Kibō ('17)
JRP ('12)/JIP ('14)/
JRP ('17)
Others
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
1996 1,398,791 27.0 5 1,213,677 23.4 5 923,764 17.8 3 280,391 5.4 1 1,275,432 24.6 5 94,073 1.8 0
2000 1,110,177 19.5 4 1,653,045 29.0 6 726,203 12.7 2 817,045 14.3 2 377,230 6.6 1 776,018 13.6 2 236,919 4.2 0
2003 1,867,544 32.5 6 2,291,124 39.9 8 805,640 14.0 2 532,376 9.3 1 247,103 4.3 0
2005 2,665,417 40.2 (8→)7 1,962,225 29.6 6 820,126 12.4 2 586,017 8.8 1 300,782 4.5 (0→)1 290,027 4.4 0
2009 1,764,696 25.5 5 2,839,081 41.0 8 717,199 10.4 2 665,462 9.6 1 299,032 4.3 0 419,903 6.1 1 222,094 3.2 0
2012 1,626,057 24.9 5 1,008,011 15.4 3 662,743 10.1 2 484,365 7.4 1 136,889 2.1 0 448,689 6.9 1 762,730 11.7 2 1,298,309 19.9 3 109,814 1.7 0
2014[1] 1,847,986 32.1 6 939,795 16.3 3 700,127 12.1 2 885,927 15.4 3 129,992 2.3 0 156,170 2.7 0 816,047 14.2 3 287,352 5.0 0
2017[2] 1,816,184 30.5 6 1,405,836 23.6 4 644,634 10.8 2 618,332 10.4 2 56,732 1.0 0 1,039,647 17.4 3 198,127 3.3 0 181,483 3.0 0

Party names are abbreviated as follows (format: abbreviation, translated name, Japanese name, English name):

List of representativesEdit

Note: Party affiliations as of election day.

D'Hondt allocation order 1996 2000 2003 2005 2009 2012 2014 2017
1 Takashi Fukaya Tetsundo Iwakuni Yukihiko Akutsu Kuniko Inoguchi Kumiko Hayakawa Kiyoshi Odawara Tsukasa Akimoto Takao Ochi
2 Masamitsu Jōjima Midori Matsushima Eita Yashiro Yoshinori Suematsu Ichiro Kamoshita Shintarō Ishihara Akihisa Nakajima Yoshio Tezuka
3 Eiko Ishige Masamitsu Jōjima Yukihisa Fujita Yamatada Tsuchiya Mitsuaki Takeda Banri Kaieda Fumiaki Matsumoto

Jin Matsubara

4 Tetsuzo Fuwa Tetsuzo Fuwa Kunio Hatoyama Kōichi Katō Eiko Ichige Tsukasa Akimoto Akira Kasai Miki Yamada
5 Hyosuke Kujiraoka Shōzō Azuma Yosuke Tagaki Kazuo Aichi Masaaki Taira Toshiaki Ōkuma Takayuki Ochiai Yoshinori Suematsu
6 Shōzō Azuma Akihiro Ōta Kazuo Inoue Yōsuke Takagi Yōsuke Takagi Yōsuke Takagi Yōsuke Takagi Yōsuke Takagi
7 Sadao Yamahana
died 1999, replaced by
Osamu Shibutani
Kunio Hatoyama Tatsuya Itō Jun'ichirō Yasui Kōki Kobayashi Hirofumi Imamura Hayato Suzuki Akira Kasai
8 Ichirō Takahashi Muneaki Samejima Muneaki Samejima Yōko Komiyama Akira Kasai Fumiaki Matsumoto Jin Matsubara Kiyoshi Odawara
9 Mutsumi Sasaki Kazuo Inoue Tomio Yamaguchi Akira Kasai Kaoru Yosano Jin Matsubara Megumi Maekawa Mito Kakizawa
10 Otohiko Endō Tomio Yamaguchi Kaoru Yosano Kenji Wakamiya Kōichi Yoshida Akira Kasai Tōru Miyamoto Akihiro Hatsushika
11 Banri Kaieda Yoshio Suzuki Hisashi Shimada Akihisa Nagashima Tomotarō Kawashima Ai Aoki Akihiro Hatsushika Fumiaki Matsumoto
12 Kiyoshi Ozawa Nobuto Hosaka Michiyo Takagi Taku Ōtsuka Yuriko Koike Hiroshi Yamada Masaru Wakasa
resigned 2016, replaced by
Tsuyoshi Tabata
Takao Ando
13 Akihiro Ōta Tatsuya Itō Hirosato Nakatsugawa Michiyo Takagi Mito Kakizawa Tsuneo Akaeda Michiyo Takaki Ikuo Yamahana
14 Taketoshi Nakajima Yōsuke Takagi Ichirō Kamoshita Akira Nagatsuma Hirosato Nakatsugawa Hidehiro Mitani Naoto Kan Shunsuke Ito
15 Yukihisa Fujita Eiko Ishige Eiko Ishige Seiichiro Shimizu Michiyo Takagi Naoto Kan Tsuneo Akaeda Michiyo Takagi
16 Nobuto Hosaka Ichirō Takahashi Takashi Kosugi Jin Matsubara Kōichirō Watanabe Michiyo Takagi Saori Ikeuchi Toru Miyamoto
17 Michio Ochi Hirosato Nakatsugawa Noboru Usami Nobuto Hosaka Isshū Sugawara Tsuyoshi Tabata Takatane Kiuchi Kei Tagaki
18 Keiichi Ishii
19 Kōki Ishii

Election result 2009Edit

Tokyo block results in the 2009 general election[3][4]
LDP: 1,764,696 votes (25.5%), 5 seats DPJ: 2,839,081 votes (41.0%), 8 seats Kōmeitō: 717,199 votes (10.4%), 2 seats
# Candidate District "Loss ratio"
(sekihairitsu)
Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
1 Ichirō Kamoshita Tokyo 13 97.3% Elected 1 Kumiko Hayakawa Tokyo 17 77.1% Elected 1 Yōsuke Takagi PR only Elected
Masaaki Taira Tokyo 4 93.5% Elected Banri Kaieda Tokyo 1 Won district 2 Michiyo Takagi Elected
Kaoru Yosano Tokyo 1 91.7% Elected Yoshikatsu Nakayama Tokyo 2 Won district 3 Tomio Yoshida
Yuriko Koike Tokyo 10 91.6% Elected Jin Matsubara Tokyo 3 Won district 4 Isoroku Endō
Isshū Sugawara Tokyo 9 89.9% Elected Norihiko Fujita Tokyo 4 Won district JCP: 665,462 votes (9.6%), 1 seat
Nobuteru Ishihara Tokyo 8 Won district Yoshio Tezuka Tokyo 5 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Hakubun Shimomura Tokyo 11 Won district Yōko Komiyama Tokyo 6 Won district 1 Akira Kasai PR only Elected
Katsuei Hirasawa Tokyo 17 Won district Akira Nagatsuma Tokyo 7 Won district 2 Tomoyuki Tanigawa
Shinji Inoue Tokyo 25 Won district Takatane Kiuchi Tokyo 9 Won district 3 Mariko Ikeda Tokyo 20 (23.1%)
Midori Matsushima Tokyo 14 84.6% Takako Ebata Tokyo 10 Won district 4 Michinobu Tokutome Tokyo 11 (31.1%)
Kōichi Hagiuda Tokyo 24 81.9% Ai Aoki Tokyo 12 Won district SDP: 299,032 votes (4.3%), no seat
Yukari Satō Tokyo 5 81.0% Tairō Hirayama Tokyo 13 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Ben Kimura Tokyo 15 76.1% Taketsuka Kimura Tokyo 14 Won district 1 Nobuto Hosaka Tokyo 8 (79.1%)
Tatsuya Itō Tokyo 22 75.7% Shōzō Azuma Tokyo 15 Won district 2 Ikkei Ikeda PR only
Hirotaka Ishihara Tokyo 3 74.3% Akihiro Hatsushika Tokyo 16 Won district YP: 419,903 votes (6.1%), 1 seat
Seiji Kihara Tokyo 20 70.2% Naoto Kan Tokyo 18 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Kōsuke Itō Tokyo 23 64.4% Yoshinori Suematsu Tokyo 19 Won district 1 Mito Kakizawa Tokyo 15 (36.9%) Elected
Yōhei Matsumoto Tokyo 19 62.0% Kōichi Katō Tokyo 20 Won district NPN: 100,381 votes (1.4%), no seat
Takao Ochi Tokyo 6 59.0% Akihisa Nagashima Tokyo 21 Won district # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
Yūichi Ogawa Tokyo 21 55.9% Ikuo Yamahana Tokyo 22 Won district 1 Yoshifu Arita Tokyo 11 (97.0%)
Masatada Tsuchiya Tokyo 18 54.0% Mari Kushibuchi Tokyo 23 Won district 2 Yūichi Gotō PR only
Fumiaki Matsumoto Tokyo 7 47.4% Yukihiko Akutsu Tokyo 24 Won district HRP: 35,667 votes (0.5%), no seat
23 Kenji Wakamiya PR only 23 Mitsuaki Takeda PR only Elected # Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected
24 Jun'ichirō Yasui 24 Eiko Ishige Elected 1 Zuishō Motochikawa PR only
25 Kazuo Aichi 25 Kōki Kobayashi Elected 2 Dr. NakaMats
26 Masaaki Kuniyasu 26 Kōichi Yoshida Elected 3 Juninosuke Kawaguchi
27 Hideo Ōnishi 27 Tomotarō Kawashima Elected 4 Fumiya Satō
28 Kazuo Ishida 28 Hirosato Nakatsugawa Elected 5 Tadahiko Saitō
PNP: 86,046 votes (1.2%), 0 seats 29 Kōichirō Watanabe Elected 6 Kōji Shirotori
# Candidate District "Loss ratio" Elected 30 Shigeko Shinohara 7 Jikidō Aeba
1 Keiichirō Nakamura PR only
2 Tarō Masago Tokyo 25 (45.5%)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun: 2014 House of Representatives election results, proportional representation, Tokyo block (in Japanese)
  2. ^ MIC: 平成29年10月22日執行衆議院議員総選挙・最高裁判所裁判官国民審査結果調, pp. 35 & 52–54 (in Japanese)
  3. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications: Results of the 2009 general election
  4. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun: Election feature 2009
  • JANJAN, The Senkyo: Results of general and by-elections for the House of Representatives 1890–2010