Trema micrantha, the Jamaican nettletree or capulin, is a plant species native to warmer parts of the Western Hemisphere. It has been reported from Mexico, Central America, tropical South America, the Virgin Islands, Jamaica, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and southern Florida.
Trema micrantha var. strigillosa (Lundell) Standl. & Steyerm.
Trema mollis (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Blume
Trema riparia Blume
Trema rufescens Blume
Trema schiedeana (Schltdl.) Blume
Trema strigillosa Lundell
Urtica alnifolia Bertero ex Griseb.
Trema micrantha is a shrub or small tree up to 10 m tall. Leaves are egg-shaped, up to 9 cm long, green on top but covered with white, woolly pubescence underneath. Flowers are greenish-white. Fruits are yellow to bright reddish-range, up to 4 mm in diameter.
Following the recent local extirpation of slow-growing xalama in San Pablito, Mexico due to unsustainable harvesting driven by tourism, the Otomi people now use Trema micrantha bark strips as a raw material for making handmade amate paper.