Tribal council


A tribal council is an association of First Nations bands in Canada, generally along regional, ethnic or linguistic lines.[1]

An Indian band, usually consisting of one main community, is the fundamental unit of government for First Nations in Canada. Bands may unite to form a tribal council, but they need not do so. Bands that do not belong to a tribal council are said to be independent. Bands may and do withdraw from tribal councils. Furthermore, the authority that bands delegate to their tribal council varies, with some tribal councils serving as a strong, central organization while others are granted limited power by their members.

Nunavut and Newfoundland and Labrador do not have any tribal councils.[2]

Tribal councils in CanadaEdit


As of 2019, Alberta has ten tribal councils:[3]

British ColumbiaEdit



As of 2019, Manitoba has eight tribal councils:[3][5]

Northwest TerritoriesEdit

As of 2019, the Northwest Territories has five tribal councils:[3]

Atlantic CanadaEdit

As of 2019, Atlantic Canada has a collective total of nine tribal councils, with Newfoundland and Labrador having no tribal councils at all.[7]

New BrunswickEdit

Nova ScotiaEdit

Prince Edward IslandEdit

  • Epekwitk Assembly of Councils — Abegweit and Lennox Island
  • Mi'kmaq Confederacy of Prince Edward Island
  • Pekwitk Assembly of Councils


As of 2019, Ontario has sixteen tribal councils:[3]


As of 2019, Quebec has seven tribal councils (First Nations listed in English):[3]


As of 2019, Saskatchewan has nine tribal councils:[3]


As of 2019, Yukon has two tribal councils:[3]

  • Council of Kaska Chiefs
  • Southern Tutchone Tribal Council


  1. ^ Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat. "Tribal Councils Location | Open Government Portal". Retrieved 2021-08-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (2019-04-09). "Search by Tribal Council". Retrieved 2021-08-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "First Nation Profiles".
  4. ^ Reconciliation, Ministry of Indigenous Relations and. "Skatin Samahquam Negotiations Inc. (formally In-SHUCK-ch Nation) - Province of British Columbia". Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  5. ^ Branch, Government of Canada; Indigenous Services Canada; Communications (2010-03-04). "Manitoba First Nation Tribal Councils". Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  6. ^ "About MKO * Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak". Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak. Retrieved 2021-08-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "First Nation Profiles".
  8. ^ a b "Aboriginal Organizations in New Brunswick." Government of New Brunswick, 1 October 2020. Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  9. ^ "First Nation Profiles".
  10. ^ "First Nation Profiles".
  11. ^ "About - New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council (NBAPC)". New Brunswick Aboriginal Peoples Council. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  12. ^ "About Mamaweswen". Mamaweswen. Retrieved 2021-08-19.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External linksEdit

  • Tribal Councils of Saskatchewan