Tribhuvan Narain Singh

Summary

Tribhuvan Narain Singh
9th Governor of West Bengal
In office
6 November 1979 – 12 September 1981
Chief MinisterJyoti Basu
Preceded byAnthony Lancelot Dias
Succeeded byBhairab Dutt Pande
6th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
18 October 1970 – 3 April 1971
GovernorBezawada Gopala Reddy
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byKamalapati Tripathi
6th Minister of Industry
In office
30 October 1964 – 24 January 1966
Prime MinisterLal Bahadur Shastri
Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)
Preceded byH. C. Dasappa
Succeeded byDamodaram Sanjivayya
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Chandauli
In office
1952–1962
Preceded byConstituency Established
(Member of First Parliament)
Succeeded byBal Krishna Singh
Personal details
Born(1904-08-08)8 August 1904
Benares, Benares State, British India
(Now Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh)
Died3 August 1982(1982-08-03) (aged 77)
Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Political partyIndian National Congress (Organisation)
EducationHarish Chandra Postgraduate College,
Kashi Vidyapith

Tribhuvan Narain Singh (8 August 1904 – 3 August 1982) was an Indian politician and Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. He remained Chief Minister from 18 October 1970 till 4 April 1971. Singh later served as Governor of West Bengal from the late 1970s until 1981.[1] He was born and died in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. He also served as the Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee and as Union Minister of Industry and Steel.[2]

Early life

Tribhuan Narayan Singh was the son of Shri Prasidh Narayan Singh. He was born at Banaras in 1905. He completed his schooling from Harish Chandra Postgraduate College and Kashi Vidyapith Banaras. In the year 1926, he worked as a reporter and sub-editor in the Indian Daily Telegraph which was an English daily published from Lucknow. After this he worked as a teacher of economics in Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith, Banaras from 1927 to 1928. He also worked as a sub-editor and sub-editor-in-charge at The Hindustan Times of Delhi from 1928 to 1929.

After this he worked as an assistant editor, manager and general manager, National Herald of Lucknow. He also worked as the managing partner of Janata Press and secretary, the Textile Labour Mills Union, Delhi.

Chief Ministership

In October 1970, Sanyukta Vikas Dal was formed by Organization Congress, Jan Sangh and Swatantra Party and Bharatiya Kranti Dal, thus gaining majority in Uttar Pradesh house Assembly. They selected T. N. Singh of Congress (O) to be their leader and thus he became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.[3] He was Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from October 1970 to April 1971. One case, namely Har Sharan Verma vs Tribhuvan Narain Singh was decided by a constitutional bench of the Supreme Court in 1971. In that case, the petitioner challenged the appointment of T N Singh as chief minister of UP as at the time of his appointment he was not a member of the legislature of UP. The petitioner contended that Art. 164(4) should be confined to a case where a minister who is a member of the legislature of the state loses his seat. The idea behind Art. 164(4), he argued, was to give him a period of six months to get himself re-elected. He further contended that Art. 164(4) applied only to a minister and not to the chief minister. The constitutional bench of the Supreme Court, after referring to the constituent assembly debates, English practices and to similar provisions in the Australian constitution and South African constitution of 1909, concluded that Art. 164(4) allows a person to be appointed chief minister, who at the time of such appointment is not a member of the legislature of the state concerned. Tribhuvan Narain Singh hence, became the first Chief Minister to be appointed without being a member of either house of the state legislature. Ram Prakash Gupta is only the second person to become chief minister of Uttar Pradesh after Tribhuvan Narain Singh (in October 1970) without being a member of either house of the state legislature.

He also served as the Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee and as Union Minister of Industry and Steel. Singh later served as Governor of West Bengal from the late 1970s until 1981.

Positions held

Tribhuvan Narain Singh worked in Tehsil and District Congress Committee, Banaras.

He also worked as a Member of Provincial and Town Congress Committees, Lucknow from 1932 to 1945. Suffered imprisonment for participating in Congress movements, 1930–31, 1932 and 1942.

1. Member of Provisional Parliament,-1950-52;

2. Sceretary, Congress Party in Parliament, 1951

3. Member, First Lok Sabha 1952–57;

4. Member of the Press Commission

5.Chairman Public Accounts Committee.

Tribhuvan Narain Singh was a member of the planning commission for drafting of the Third Five Year Plan.[4]

He also served as the Chancellor of the Calcutta University from the year 1977 to 1980, as Governor of Bengal is Chancellor of the Calcutta University. He was preceded by Anthony Lancelot Dias and succeeded by Bhairab Datt Pande.[5]

Political life

Tribhuan Narayan Singh was elected as member of parliament from Chandauli Lol Santa constituency in 1952 & 1957. In second general elections held in 1957 famous socialist leader Ram Manohar Lohia contested against him as an Independent candidate but couldn't succeed.

Voting result at that Election was:

Total Eloectorate : 3,94,345

Voted for T. N. Singh : 1,34,488

Voted for Ram Manohar Lohia : 97,911[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ The Raj Bhavan is not just a heritage building Archived 9 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Rajbhavankolkata.gov.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  2. ^ Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh. Indian Express (2007-05-15). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  3. ^ Contemporary Indian Politics by S.K. Khanna pp 121
  4. ^ Planning Commission, Government of India : Five Year Plans. Planningcommission.nic.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  5. ^ http://www.caluniv.ac.in/convocation/Convocation%20mod.pdf
  6. ^ "Members Bioprofile". 164.100.47.194. Retrieved 3 September 2020.

External links

  • Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh
  • Governors of Bengal from 1912 upto [sic] the present day
Political offices
Preceded by
President's Rule
Administered by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh,
Dr Bezwada Gopala Reddy
title/post previously held by-
Charan Singh
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
18 October 1970 – 4 April 1971
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Governor of West Bengal
6 November 1977 – 11 September 1981
Succeeded by