Trigonal prismatic molecular geometry

Summary

Trigonal prismatic molecular geometry
Prismatic TrigonalP.png
ExamplesW(CH3)6
Point groupD3h
Coordination number6
μ (Polarity)0

In chemistry, the trigonal prismatic molecular geometry describes the shape of compounds where six atoms, groups of atoms, or ligands are arranged around a central atom, defining the vertices of a triangular prism.

Examples

Portion of lattice of [Te6](O3SCF3)2. The intra- and inter-triangle Te-Te distances are 2.70 and 3.06 Å, respectively.Schulz, C.; Daniels, J.; Bredow, T.; Beck, J. (2016). "The Electrochemical Synthesis of Polycationic Clusters". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. 55 (3): 1173–1177. doi:10.1002/anie.201507644. PMID 26632775.

Hexamethyltungsten (W(CH3)6) was the first example of a molecular trigonal prismatic complex.[1] The figure shows the six carbon atoms arranged at the vertices of a triangular prism with the tungsten at the centre. The hydrogen atoms are not shown.

Some other transition metals have trigonal prismatic hexamethyl complexes, including both neutral molecules such as Mo(CH3)6 and Re(CH3)6 and ions such as Ta(CH
3
)
6
and Zr(CH
3
)2−
6
.[2]

The complex Mo(S−CH=CH−S)3 is also trigonal prismatic, with each S−CH=CH−S group acting as a bidentate ligand with two sulfur atoms binding the metal atom.[2] Here the coordination geometry of the six sulfur atoms around the molybdenum is similar to that in the extended structure of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2).

References

  1. ^ Housecroft, C. E.; Sharpe, A. G. (2004). Inorganic Chemistry (2nd ed.). Prentice Hall. p. 725. ISBN 978-0-13-039913-7.
  2. ^ a b Housecroft, C. E.; Sharpe, A. G. (2004). Inorganic Chemistry (2nd ed.). Prentice Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-039913-7.