Tungsten(IV) oxide

Summary

Tungsten(IV) oxide is the chemical compound with the formula WO2. The bronze-colored solid crystallizes in a monoclinic cell.[1] The rutile-like structure features distorted octahedral WO6 centers with alternate short W–W bonds (248 pm).[1] Each tungsten center has the d2 configuration, which gives the material a high electrical conductivity.

Tungsten(IV) oxide
Tungsten(IV) oxide
Names
Other names
Tungsten dioxide
Identifiers
  • 12036-22-5 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ECHA InfoCard 100.031.662 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 234-842-7
  • 82850
UNII
  • 0Q43JGJ0GV checkY
  • DTXSID0065195 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/2O.W
  • O=[W]=O
Properties
WO2
Molar mass 215.839 g/mol
Appearance bronze solid
Density 10.8 g/cm3
Melting point 1,700 °C (3,090 °F; 1,970 K) decomposes
negligible
5.7×10−5 cm3/mol
Structure
Distorted rutile, (monoclinic), mP12, Space group P21/c, No 14
Hazards
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Other anions
Tungsten disulfide
Other cations
Chromium(IV) oxide
Molybdenum(IV) oxide
Tungsten(III) oxide
Tungsten(VI) oxide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

WO2 is prepared by reduction of WO3 with tungsten powder over the course of 40 hours at 900 °C. An intermediate in this reaction is the partially reduced, mixed valence species W18O49.

2 WO3 + W → 3 WO2

The molybdenum analogue MoO2 is prepared similarly. Single crystals are obtained by chemical transport technique using iodine. Iodine transports the WO2 in the form of the volatile species WO2I2.[2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Wells, A. F. (1984), Structural Inorganic Chemistry (5th ed.), Oxford: Clarendon Press, ISBN 0-19-855370-6
  2. ^ Conroy, L. E.; Ben-Dor, L. (1995). "Molybdenum(IV) Oxide and Tungsten(IV) Oxides Single-Crystals". Inorganic Syntheses. 30: 105–07. doi:10.1002/9780470132616.ch21. ISBN 9780470132616.
  3. ^ Rogers, D. B.; Butler, S. R.; Shannon, R. D. (1972). "Single Crystals of Transition-Metal Dioxides". Inorganic Syntheses. XIII: 135–145. doi:10.1002/9780470132449.ch27. ISBN 9780470132449.