Turkistan Region


Turkistan Region (Kazakh: Түркістан облысы, romanized: Türkıstan oblysy), previously South Kazakhstan Region (Kazakh: Oŋtüstık Qazaqstan oblysy, Оңтүстік Қазақстан облысы; Russian: Южно-Казахстанская область, Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya oblast) is the southernmost region of Kazakhstan. Population: 2,469,367 (2009 Census results);[3] 1,978,339 (1999 Census results).[3] Its capital is Turkistan, formerly Shymkent in 2018. Other cities in Turkistan include Sayram, Kentau, Arys, Shardara, Zhetisai, Saryagash, and Lenger. This region and Atyrau Region are Kazakhstan's two smallest regions; both are about 117,300 square kilometers in area. Turkistan Region borders the neighboring country of Uzbekistan (and is very near the Uzbekistan capital Tashkent), as well as three other Kazakhstan regions: Karaganda Region (to the north), Kyzylorda Region (to the west), and Jambyl Region (to the east). The Syr Darya passes through the region, on its way to the Aral Sea. Also, an oil pipeline runs from Turkmenabat, Turkmenistan to Omsk, Russia (where it connects with a larger, Siberian pipeline) through South Kazakhstan. Oil, lead and zinc are refined in Shymkent.

Turkistan Region
Coat of arms of Turkistan Region
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Turkistan Region highlighted
Map of Kazakhstan, location of Turkistan Region highlighted
Coordinates: 43°00′N 068°30′E / 43.000°N 68.500°E / 43.000; 68.500Coordinates: 43°00′N 068°30′E / 43.000°N 68.500°E / 43.000; 68.500
Country Kazakhstan
 • AkimJanseyit Tuimebayev
 • Total117,249 km2 (45,270 sq mi)
 • Total2,685,009
 • Density23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (East)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+6 (not observed)
Postal codes
Area codes+7 (725)
ISO 3166 codeKZ-YUZ
Vehicle registration13, X

The Region was created as South Kazakhstan Oblast in Kazakh SSR of Soviet Union. Between 1962 and 1992 it was named Chimkent Oblast. The administrative center of the Region was Shymkent. On 19 June 2018 Shymkent was taken out of the Region and subordinated directly to the government of Kazakhstan, the administrative center moved to Turkistan, and the Region renamed Turkistan Region.[4]

Administrative divisionsEdit

As of 2013, the region was administratively divided into eleven districts and the cities of Shymkent, Arys, Kentau, and Turkistan.[5]

  1. Baydibek District, with the administrative center in the selo of Shayan;
  2. Kazygurt District, the selo of Kazygurt;
  3. Maktaaral District, the town of Zhetisay;
  4. Ordabasy District, the selo of Temirlan;
  5. Otyrar District, the selo of Shauldir;
  6. Saryagash District, the town of Saryagash;
  7. Sayram District, the selo of Aksukent;
  8. Shardara District, the town of Shardara;
  9. Sozak District, the selo of Sholakkorgan;
  10. Tole Bi District, the town of Lenger;
  11. Tulkibas District, the selo of Turar Ryskulov.


  1. ^ Official site - General Information Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Agency of statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Численность населения Республики Казахстан по областям с началa 2013 года до 1 февраля 2013 года (russisch; Excel-Datei; 55 kB).
  3. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  4. ^ "Публичное подписание Указа "О некоторых вопросах административно-территориального устройства Республики Казахстан"" (in Russian). President of Kazakhstan. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  5. ^ "Akimats of the region's cities and districts". The official portal of akimat of South Kazakhstan Region. Archived from the original on 19 December 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  • National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Turkistan Province at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official regional website