|Operator||U.S. Air Force|
|Mission duration||7.5 years (planned)|
15 years (achieved)
|Spacecraft type||GPS Block II|
|Launch mass||840 kg (1,850 lb) |
|Dimensions||5.3 m (17 ft) of long|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||11 December 1989,|
|Rocket||Delta II 6925-9.5|
(Delta D190) 
|Launch site||Cape Canaveral, LC-17B|
|Entered service||January 1990|
|End of mission|
|Deactivated||23 February 2005|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit |
|Regime||Medium Earth orbit|
|Slot||D3 (slot 3 plane D)|
|Perigee altitude||20,009 km (12,433 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||20,357 km (12,649 mi)|
USA-49, also known as GPS II-5 and GPS SVN-17, was an American navigation satellite which formed part of the Global Positioning System. It was the fifth of nine Block II GPS satellites to be launched, which were the first operational GPS satellites to fly.
It was part of the 21-satellite Global Positioning System (GPS) Block II series that provides precise position data (accurate to within 16 m) to military and civilian users worldwide. It's signals could be received on devices as small as a telephone. The GPS II satellites, built by Rockwell International for the Air Force Space Systems Division, each have a 7.5-year design life. The Air Force intends to launch a GPS II every 2 to 3 months until the constellation of 21 operational satellite and 3 spares is aloft. The GPS Block II join 7 operational Block 1 satellites.
USA-49 was launched at 18:10:01 UTC on 11 December 1989, atop a Delta II launch vehicle, flight number D190, flying in the 6925-9.5 configuration. The launch took place from Launch Complex 17B (LC-17B) at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), and placed USA-49 into a transfer orbit. The satellite raised itself into medium Earth orbit using a Star-37XFP apogee motor.
On 11 January 1990, USA-49 was in an orbit with a perigee of 20,009 km (12,433 mi), an apogee of 20,357 km (12,649 mi), a period of 718.0 minutes, and 54.9° of inclination to the equator. It operated in slot 3 of plane D of the GPS constellation. The satellite had a mass of 840 kg (1,850 lb), and generated 710 watts of power. It had a design life of 7.5 years, and ceased operations on 23 February 2005.