|Operator||US Air Force|
|COSPAR ID||1993-054A |
|Mission duration||7.5 years (planned)|
22.66 years (achieved)
|Spacecraft type||GPS Block IIA |
|Launch mass||840 kg (1,850 lb)|
|Dimensions||5.3 m (17 ft) of long|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||30 August 1993, 12:38:00 UTC|
|Rocket||Delta II 7925-9.5|
|Launch site||Cape Canaveral, LC-17B|
|Entered service||1 October 1993|
|End of mission|
|Deactivated||10 June 2016|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit |
|Regime||Medium Earth orbit|
|Slot||B4 (slot 4 plane B)|
|Perigee altitude||20,074 km (12,473 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||20,221 km (12,565 mi)|
USA-94, also known as GPS IIA-13, GPS II-22 and GPS SVN-35, was an American navigation satellite which formed part of the Global Positioning System. It was the thirteenth of nineteen Block IIA GPS satellites to be launched.
Global Positioning System (GPS) was developed by the U.S. Department of Defense to provide all-weather round-the-clock navigation capabilities for military ground, sea, and air forces. Since its implementation, GPS has also become an integral asset in numerous civilian applications and industries around the globe, including recreational used (e.g., boating, aircraft, hiking), corporate vehicle fleet tracking, and surveying. GPS employs 24 spacecraft in 20,200 km circular orbits inclined at 55.0°. These vehicles are placed in 6 orbit planes with four operational satellites in each plane.
GPS Block 2 was the operational system, following the demonstration system composed of Block 1 (Navstar 1 - 11) spacecraft. These spacecraft were 3-axis stabilized, nadir pointing using reaction wheels. Dual solar arrays supplied 710 watts of power. They used S-band (SGLS) communications for control and telemetry and Ultra high frequency (UHF) cross-link between spacecraft. The payload consisted of two L-band navigation signals at 1575.42 MHz (L1) and 1227.60 MHz (L2). Each spacecraft carried 2 rubidium and 2 Cesium clocks and nuclear detonation detection sensors. Built by Rockwell Space Systems for the U.S. Air force, the spacecraft measured 5.3 m across with solar panels deployed and had a design life of 7.5 years.
USA-94 was launched at 12:38:00 UTC on 30 August 1993, atop a Delta II launch vehicle, flight number D222, flying in the 7925-9.5 configuration. The launch took place from Launch Complex 17B (LC-17B) at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), and placed USA-94 into a transfer orbit. The satellite raised itself into medium Earth orbit using a Star-37XFP apogee motor.
On 1 October 1993, USA-94 was in an orbit with a perigee of 20,074 km (12,473 mi), an apogee of 20,221 km (12,565 mi), a period of 716.0 minutes, and 54.9° of inclination to the equator. It broadcast the PRN 30 signal, and operated in slot 4, and later 5, of plane B of the GPS constellation. The satellite had a mass of 840 kg (1,850 lb) and a design life of 7.5 years. It was initially decommissioned on 26 March 2009 and then kept as a residual satellite. SVN 35 was then recalled to replace SVN 30 in the active constellation on 16 August 2011.
It was then decommissioned again on 1 May 2013, after almost 20 years in orbit, and finally placed in a disposal orbit approximately 1000 km above the operational constellation and deactivated on 10 June 2016.