USS Catalpa (AN-10)

Summary

USS Catalpa (AN-10/YN-5) was an Aloe-class net laying ship which was assigned to serve the U.S. Navy ships and harbors during World War II with her protective anti-submarine nets.

History
Union Navy Jack United States
NameUSS Catalpa
NamesakeA tree of China, Japan, and North America
BuilderCommercial Iron Works, Portland, Oregon
Laid downas YN-5, date unknown
Launched22 February 1941
Sponsored byMrs. E. B. Colton
Commissioned22 May 1942 as USS Catalpa (YN-5) at Alameda, California
Recommissioned7 August 1950
Decommissioned21 October 1946, at Astoria, Oregon; 7 October 1955, at New London, Connecticut
In serviceas Catalpa (YN-5), date unknown
ReclassifiedAN-10, 20 January 1944
StrickenUnknown
HomeportTiburon, California
Honours and
awards
two battle stars for World War II service
FateFate unknown
General characteristics
TypeAloe-class net laying ship
Tonnage560 tons
Displacement850 tons
Length163' 2"
Beam30' 6"
Draft11' 8"
Propulsiondiesel engine
Speed12.5 knots
Complement44 officers and enlisted
Armamentone single 3 in (76 mm) gun mount, three 20 mm guns, one y-gun

Built in Portland, OregonEdit

The second ship to be so named by the Navy, Catalpa (YN-5) was launched 22 February 1941 by Commercial Iron Works, Portland, Oregon; sponsored by Mrs. E. B. Colton; and on 20 June 1941 placed in service for duty in the 12th Naval District. She was commissioned 22 May 1942 at Alameda, California.

World War serviceEdit

After loading equipment at the Net Depot at Tiburon, California, Catalpa sailed 24 May 1942 for the Fiji Islands, arriving 14 June. At Nandi, Suva, and during October and November 1942 at Funafuti in the Ellice Islands, Catalpa laid and cared for harbor entrance nets, protecting important South Pacific Ocean bases. Early in 1944, she sailed to Dunedin, New Zealand, for overhaul, during which on 20 January she was redesignated AN-10.

Catalpa arrived at Cape Torokina, Bougainville, 20 February 1944 to carry out varied duties in the Solomon Islands through the spring and summer. In addition to tending nets, she laid mooring buoys, offered towing and salvage services, and provided divers for the services essential to the maintenance of fleet anchorages.

Early in September, she joined forces at Guadalcanal staging for the invasion of the Palau Islands, a vital preparation for the return to the Philippines. With the assault forces, she arrived off Peleliu on 15 September, and after standing by as the first troops smashed ashore, sailed on to mine-infested Kossol Passage to begin the work of preparing what would become a major fleet anchorage. Net and salvage operations in the Palaus were Catalpa's contribution to the continuing operations there and in the Philippines until 28 February 1945 when she got underway for Ulithi and Eniwetok.

Post-war inactivationEdit

She operated in the Marshall Islands until 30 June when she cleared for duty in the Eleventh Naval District from San Pedro, California. On 23 July 1946 she sailed for Astoria, Oregon, where she was decommissioned and placed in reserve 21 October 1946.

Korean War era serviceEdit

With the buildup of the fleet brought into effect upon the outbreak of hostilities in Korea, Catalpa was re-commissioned 7 August 1950 and reported to the net depot in San Francisco Bay for training and local duty.

On 1 February 1952, she sailed from San Diego, California, for the Far East, and through 1954 installed and tended nets in Tokyo Bay, except for a period in the fall of 1953 when she carried out similar duties at Guam.

Final decommissioningEdit

On 23 January 1955 she cleared for New London, Connecticut, where she arrived 4 May. She was placed out of commission in reserve there 7 October 1955.

Honors and awardsEdit

Catalpa received two battle stars for World War II service.

ReferencesEdit