USS Nassau (LHA-4)

Summary

USS Nassau (LHA-4) is a decommissioned Tarawa-class amphibious assault ship. When active, she was capable of transporting more than 3,000 United States Navy and United States Marine Corps personnel. Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula, Mississippi, laid the ship's keel on 13 August 1973; she was commissioned on 28 July 1979.[1] She was decommissioned on 31 March 2011.[2]

US Navy 040728-N-4459K-004 Crew members aboard the amphibious assault ship USS Nassau (LHA 4) create formation lettering on the flight deck spelling out.jpg
USS Nassau underway on 28 July 2004
History
United States
NameNassau
NamesakeUSS Nassau (CVE-16)
Awarded6 November 1970
BuilderIngalls Shipbuilding
Laid down13 August 1973
Launched21 January 1978
Commissioned28 July 1979
Decommissioned31 March 2011
Renamedfrom Leyte Gulf
HomeportNorfolk
Identification
Motto
  • First from the Sea
  • Never A Set Schedule Always Underway
Nickname(s)
  • Largest Hotel Afloat
  • Largest Hospital Afloat
  • Big Nasty
Honors and
awards
Awarded first Battle "E" November 1983
FateScrapped 30 April 2021
BadgeUSS Nassau COA.png
General characteristics
Class and typeTarawa-class amphibious assault ship
Tonnage25,884 tons
Displacement39,300 tons
Length833.34 ft (254.00 m)
Beam106.6 ft (32.5 m)
Draft26.25 ft (8.00 m)
PropulsionSteam turbine
Speed24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph))
Troops1,900+ Marines
Complement82 officers, 882 enlisted men
Armament
Aircraft carried
  • 6 × AV-8B Harrier attack planes
  • 4 × AH-1W Super Cobra attack helicopters
  • 12 × CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters
  • 9 × CH-53 Sea Stallion helicopters
  • 4 × UH-1N Huey helicopters

DescriptionEdit

Nassau had 1,400 compartments, nine elevators and two horizontal conveyors. She also had two boilers – the largest ever manufactured for the United States Navy. They could generate 400 tons of steam per hour and develop 140,000 horsepower (100 MW). Nassau's electrical power subsystem provided 14 MW electrical power. She had air conditioning equipment rated at a total of 1,500 tons (5.3 MW)[citation needed] and could ballast 12,000 tons of seawater for trimming the ship to receive and discharge landing craft from the well deck.

She was constructed with more than 20,000 tons of steel, 3,000 tons of aluminum, 400 miles (640 km) of cable and 80 miles (130 km) of pipe. She had a 900-horsepower (670 kW) bow thruster for lateral movement at low speeds that could move the bow with 20,000 pounds of force (90 kN)—equivalent to half the pulling power of a diesel railroad locomotive. She had been fitted with a 300-bed hospital, four medical and three dental operating rooms. Her cargo areas were capable of holding tanks, trucks, artillery and large warfare supply needs.

Operational historyEdit

 
OV-10 Broncos aboard Nassau in 1983

USS Nassau was commissioned at Pascagoula, Mississippi on 28 July 1979. In October she deployed to reinforce Guantanamo base and earned the Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation just 70 days after commissioning.

In April 1981 the ship was deployed to Mediterranean to meet US commitment to have two carriers there. She operated for 10 consecutive weeks as an aircraft carrier, reinforcing Sixth Fleet carrier USS Saratoga. Marine Attack Squadrons 231 and 542 formed Marine Air Group 32, equipped with AV-8A planes. It was the first time US Navy operated an amphibious ship as Harrier carrier. [3][4]Nassau was deployed to Beirut with the 24th Marine Amphibious Unit in February 1984, less than four months after the Beirut barracks bombing.[5]

In support of Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm, Nassau deployed to the Middle East for over eight months on only eight days' notice. On leaving the United States, Nassau became the flagship for Commander, Amphibious Task Force and the 4th MEB's Commanding General. In the last week of the war, she was employed as a "Harrier Carrier", tasked with operating primarily as a STOVL attack carrier for Marine AV-8B Harrier II fighters.[6]

Nassau participated in several more operations throughout the 1990s, including Operations Uphold Democracy, Deny Flight, Allied Force and Noble Anvil. These operations were in support of US foreign policy objectives; she also participated in numerous Navy and joint exercises that took her to numerous locations in the Atlantic, Mediterranean and Adriatic regions, including Haiti, Spain, Morocco, Italy, France, Greece, Israel, Albania, Zaire and Kosovo.

 
An AV-8B Harrier commences its launch run from Nassau in 2003
 
An MV-22 Osprey lands on Nassau in 2007

Nassau received her first "Battle Effectiveness "E" award"[7] in November 1983, with a second in 2007 – these awards are presented annually to ships that demonstrate the highest state of combat readiness in their group and their ability to execute their wartime tasks.[8]

She deployed in February 2008 as the flagship of the Nassau Expeditionary Strike Group in support of Maritime Security Operations and Theater Security Cooperation efforts in the Navy's 5th and 6th Fleet areas of responsibility.

In addition to her primary role as a Marine transport, Nassau has served as a flagship; a logistics hub for incoming and outgoing mail, cargo and other supplies; combat search and rescue and the tactical recovery and rescue of downed aircraft and personnel.

In July 2008, she had returned from deployment and was undergoing maintenance. At 4:30 pm Central Time on Thursday, 18 September 2008, KHOU News 11 in Houston, Texas announced that Nassau was coming to the aid of Galveston Island, following the landfall of Hurricane Ike. Nassau anchored 7 miles (11 km) offshore and troops deployed to the island with heavy machinery to aid with the clean-up of the devastation caused by the hurricane.

In January 2010, Nassau left her Virginia port carrying the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) on a routine deployment of approximately seven months. The 24th MEU, based at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina, consists of a ground combat element, a battalion landing team, an aviation combat element, a logistics combat element and a command element.[9] Nassau, accompanied by USS Mesa Verde and USS Ashland, comprised the Nassau Amphibious Ready Group (ARG), which supported maritime security operations and more in the 5th and 6th Fleet areas. The 5th Fleet covers the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea, the Gulf of Oman and parts of the Indian Ocean; the 6th Fleet encompasses the Mediterranean Sea.[10]

Nassau was diverted to Haiti on 21 January 2010, to assist with the international humanitarian aid effort following the earthquake.[11]

After completing its humanitarian efforts in Haiti, Nassau continued on its mission to the Middle East, eventually tying the all time Navy record of 159 consecutive days out to sea without a port call.[citation needed]

DecommissioningEdit

Nassau was decommissioned in Norfolk, Virginia on 31 March 2011. She was moored in Beaumont, Texas, with the MARAD National Defense Reserve Fleet ships. Listed as "Disposal" status as of 31 March 2021.[12][13][14]

In 2013 the non-profit organization Coalition of Hope announced plans to have the ship donated and operate her as a humanitarian vessel.[15]

On 22 January 2019, H.R. 70, known as the "FriendSHIP Act", was referred to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs. The Bill would authorize the president to transfer the decommissioned Nassau to Japan on a sale or grant basis.[16]

On 30 April 2021 Nassau arrived at Brownsville, Texas for disposal via recycling. The process is expected to take 12 months.[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pankau, Jonathan (29 July 2009). "USS Nassau Celebrates Birthday in Style". military.com. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011.
  2. ^ McMichael, William H. (31 March 2011). "Nassau decommissioned after 32 years of service". Navy Times. Retrieved 2 April 2011.
  3. ^ http://www.combatindex.com/hardware/detail/sea/lha4_data.html
  4. ^ "Marine Attack Squadron-231 [VMA-231]".
  5. ^ www.history.navy.mil (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20121104200929/http://www.history.navy.mil/shiphist/n/lha-4/1984.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 November 2012. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ McMillan, Jon (5 March 2003). "'Harrier Carrier' On Station, Ready for Call to Action". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  7. ^ www.history.navy.mil (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20121104200920/http://www.history.navy.mil/shiphist/n/lha-4/1983.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 November 2012. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ USS Nassau Public Affairs (1 March 2008). "USS Nassau Wins 2007 Battle "E" Award". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  9. ^ www.nassau.navy.mil https://web.archive.org/web/20090727091109/http://www.nassau.navy.mil/default.aspx. Archived from the original on 27 July 2009. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ www.wvec.com https://web.archive.org/web/20100130080331/http://www.wvec.com/video/featured-videos/USS-Nassau-ARG-deploys-on-regular-tour-of-duty-81969177.html. Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ "US diverts 4,000 troops to Haiti". BBC News. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  12. ^ NATIONAL DEFENSE RESERVE FLEET INVENTORY MAR-612: RESERVE FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEM MONTHLY REPORT AS OF March 31, 2021
  13. ^ The National Defense Reserve Fleet Inventory is a monthly federal property accounting report for vessels under the ownership or custodyof MARAD. The report further officially assigns vessels to an Accountable MARAD Division.
  14. ^ "Sailing toward growth".
  15. ^ "Navy Asked to Donate Ex. USS Nassau to Support Humanitarian Relief Worldwide". Defense Update. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  16. ^ H.R.701 – FriendSHIP Act
  17. ^ "SteelCoast's Growing Momentum Delivers Gains". The Maritime Executive. 19 May 2021. Retrieved 9 September 2021.

External linksEdit

  • nassau.navy.mil USS Nassau official website
  • USS Nassau Crewmembers Association website
  • Coalition of Hope Non-profit organization seeking to operate the USS Nassau as a Humanitarian vessel.