USS Sterope (AK-96)

Summary

USS Sterope (AK-96) was an Crater-class cargo ship commissioned by the U.S. Navy for service in World War II. She was responsible for delivering troops, goods and equipment to locations in the war zone.

USS Sterope (AK-96).jpg
USS Sterope (AK-96) unloading cargo onto pontoons at Guadalcanal, 1943
History
United States
NameJames Wilson
NamesakeJames Wilson
OwnerWar Shipping Administration (WSA))
OperatorAmerican President Lines Ltd. (APL)
Orderedas a type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MCE hull 183[1]
BuilderOregon Shipbuilding Corporation, Portland, Oregon
Cost$1,267,331[2]
Yard number186
Way number3
Laid down9 December 1941
Launched22 February 1942
Sponsored byMrs. John Spady
Completed11 April 1942
Identification
FateTransferred to the US Navy, 27 March 1943
United States
Name
  • James Wilson
  • Sterope
Namesake
Acquired27 March 1943
Commissioned14 May 1943
Decommissioned16 May 1946
Refitconverted for Naval service by the Los Angeles Shipbuilding and Drydock Co.
Stricken19 November 1947
IdentificationHull symbol: AK-96
FateSold for scrapping, 16 August 1963
General characteristics [3]
Class and typeCrater-class cargo ship
Displacement
  • 4,023 long tons (4,088 t) (standard)
  • 14,550 long tons (14,780 t) (full load)
Length441 ft 6 in (134.57 m)
Beam56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)
Draft28 ft 4 in (8.64 m)
Installed power
Propulsion
Speed12.5 kn (23.2 km/h; 14.4 mph)
Complement207
Armament

ConstructionEdit

SS James Wilson (MC hull 183), was laid down on 9 December 1941, by the Oregon Shipbuilding Co., Portland, Oregon; launched on 22 February 1942; sponsored by Mrs. John Spady; acquired by the Navy on 27 March 1943; and commissioned on 14 May 1943.[4]

World War II Pacific Theatre operationsEdit

Sterope was converted to Navy specifications by the Los Angeles Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., and completed her shakedown cruise on 10 June. The ship --- assigned to the Naval Transportation Service ---proceeded to San Francisco, California, loaded, and sailed on 24 June for New Caledonia. Sterope arrived at Noumea on 16 July 1943 and, for the next two years, shuttled supplies to advanced bases as a part of the Service Force, Pacific Fleet.[4]

Highlights of her service came in July 1944, when she delivered supplies to American forces engaged in recapturing Guam and in May 1945 when she took supplies to troops fighting for Okinawa.[4]

End-of-war operationsEdit

Late in July 1945, Sterope headed for Pearl Harbor and the U.S. west coast. She reached San Francisco on 6 August and was undergoing overhaul there when the war ended. On 9 October 1945, the ship sailed for Guam and moved varied cargo among the islands of the Central Pacific for the next six months.[4]

Post-war decommissioningEdit

Sterope arrived at Pearl Harbor on 18 April 1946 and was decommissioned there on 16 May. In August 1947, she was towed to San Francisco and returned to the Maritime Commission. Her name was struck from the Navy list on 19 November 1947.[4]

Military awards and honorsEdit

Sterope received two battle stars for World War II service. Her crew was eligible for the following medals:[3]

  • American Campaign Medal
  • Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (2)
  • World War II Victory Medal

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oregon SB Corp. 2010.
  2. ^ MARCOM.
  3. ^ a b Navsource.
  4. ^ a b c d e DANFS.

BibliographyEdit

  • "Sterope". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 15 December 2017.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  • "USS Sterope (AK-96)". Navsource.org. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  • "James Wilson". United States Department of Transportation. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  • "SS James Wilson". Retrieved 15 December 2017.

External linksEdit

  • Photo gallery of Sterope at NavSource Naval History