Ultra-low particulate air

Summary

ULPA is an acronym for "Ultra-low Penetration Air (filter)". An ULPA filter can remove from the air at least 99.999% of dust, pollen, mold, bacteria and any airborne particles with a minimum particle penetration size of 120 nanometres (0.12 µm, ultrafine particles). A ULPA filter can remove (to a large extent, not 100%) – oil smoke, tobacco smoke, rosin smoke, smog, insecticide dust.[1]

It can also remove carbon black to some extent.

Some Fan filter units incorporate ULPA filters.

Materials used in ULPA filtersEdit

Both HEPA and ULPA filter media have similar designs.

The filter media is like an enormous web of randomly arranged fibres. When air passes through this dense web, the solid particles get attached to the fibres and thus eliminated from the air.

Porosity is one of the key considerations of these fibres. Lower porosity, while decreasing the speed of filtration, increases the quality of filtered air. This parameter is measured in pores per linear inch.

Method of functioningEdit

Physically blocking particles with a filter, called sieving, cannot remove smaller-sized particles. The cleaning process, based on the particle size of the pollutant, is based on four techniques:[1]

  • Sieving
  • Diffusion
  • Inertial impaction
  • Interception

A number of recommended practices have been written on testing these filters, including:[2]

  • IEST-RP-CC001: HEPA and ULPA Filters,
  • IEST-RP-CC007: Testing ULPA Filters,
  • IEST-RP-CC022: Testing HEPA and ULPA Filter Media, and
  • IEST-RP-CC034: HEPA and ULPA Filter Leak Tests.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b David A. John. Air-distribution design: HEPA or ULPA filtration. Air distribution design HEPA or ULPA filtration ASHRAE Journal, vol. 55, no. 5, May 2013
  2. ^ "IEST Recommended Practices". IEST. 2007-12-03. Retrieved 2008-01-14.

External linksEdit

  • ULPA Filter Efficiency Chart: Sentry Air Systems
  • European Standard for HEPA & ULPA Filters — EN 1822
  • EN 1822: the standard that greatly impacted the European cleanrooms market
  • Ulpa Filter Designs and How it clears the air