Underwater construction


Underwater construction is industrial construction in an underwater environment. There is often, but not necessarily, a significant component of commercial diving involved.[1][2] It is a part of the marine construction industry.[3]

Scope and applications

Underwater construction is common in the civil engineering, coastal engineering, energy, and petroleum extraction industries.

Civil engineering

Coastal engineering

Energy infrasructure

Petroleum extraction

Relevant technology

Occupational safety and health issues

Underwater work by divers on construction sites is generally within the scope of Diving regulations.[5][6] The work may also come within the scope of other occupational heath and safety related regulations.




  • US Navy Underwater Construction Teams

See also


  1. ^ Brown, J. Mariah (27 January 2011). "Underwater Construction". buildipedia.com. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  2. ^ "Civil underwater construction". www.ducmarinegroup.com. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Our industry". imca-int.com. International Marine Contractors Association. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  4. ^ a b Larn, Richard; Whistler, Rex (1993). "17 - Underwater concreting". Commercial Diving Manual (3rd ed.). Newton Abbott, UK: David and Charles. pp. 297–308. ISBN 0-7153-0100-4.
  5. ^ "Diving Regulations 2009". Occupational Health and Safety Act 85 of 1993 – Regulations and Notices – Government Notice R41. Pretoria: Government Printer. Archived from the original on 2016-11-04. Retrieved 3 November 2016 – via Southern African Legal Information Institute.
  6. ^ Staff (1977). "The Diving at Work Regulations 1997". Statutory Instruments 1997 No. 2776 Health and Safety. Kew, Richmond, Surrey: Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO). Retrieved 6 November 2016.