Underwater hockey in Turkey

Summary

Underwater hockey in Turkey is governed by the Turkish Underwater Sports Federation (Turkish: Türkiye Sualtı Sporları Federasyonu, TSSF). The TSSF organizes annual Turkey Cups for masters, under-24, and under-19 men's and women's clubs.[1][2] National teams of men and women masters, U24 and U19 take part at international competitions.[1]

Clubs

The following clubs were active in 2016:[3]

Women's

Başkent (Ankara), Bilimsel Yüzme (Istanbul), Denizatı (Istanbul), Deniz Yıldızları (Kocaeli), Marmara (Istanbul), Olimpiyat (Kocaeli), Orka (Istanbul), Su ve Doğa (Istanbul).

Men's

Baracuda (Kocaeli), Başkent (Ankara), Bilimsel Yüzme (Istanbul), Denizatı (Istanbul), Deniz Yıldızları (Kocaeli), Dumlupınar (Kütahya), Istanbul Sualtı (Istanbul), İzmit Sualtı (Kocaeli), Kocaeli Gençlik (Kocaeli), Kocaeli Yarımca (Kocaeli), ODTÜ (Ankara), Olimpik (Istanbul).

Competitions in Turkey

The underwater hockey sport began in Turkey with the first championship held in October 1999 in Çankırı.[4]

At the Federation Cup in 2018 held in Çanakkale, 8 women's and 16 men's teams participated.[5] At the 2019 Federation Cup in Çanakkale, 13 women's and 19 men's teams from 21 clubs took part.[6] At the 2020 Federation Cup, 10 women's and 17 men's teams from 17 clubs competed in Istanbul.[7]

At the Turkish U19 Championship in 2019 held at Kütahya, 10 women's teams and 21 men's teams participated.[2]

International participations

Turkey's first international appearance took place at the Underwater Hockey World Championships held in Hobart, Australia, with a national team formed following the 2000 Turkish Championship. The first achievements of the women's and men's national teams came as runners-up at the 2007 Underwater Games World Championship held in Bari, Italy. At the same competition, a Turkish referee took part for the first time.[8]

Men's

The Turkey men's national underwater hockey team was the runner-up at the 2007 World Underwater Hockey Games in Italy.[4] The team placed 8th at the Elite Underwater Hockey World Championships conducted by the Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques (CMAS) in 2011 at Coimbra, Portugal,[9] and ranked 5th in 2013 World Championships at Eger, Hungary.[10] They won the silver medal at the 2016 World Championships at Stellenbosch, South Africa,[11] and in 2018 took the bronze medal at the 20th Underwater Hockey World Championship in Quebec, Canada,[12][13] winning the European Championship in Istanbul, Turkey, the same year.[4] The national team won the 2017 CMAS Underwater Hockey European Championship held in Eger, Hungary, after defeating the United Kingdom team 5–3 in the final.[14][15] The national team repeated their victory at the European Championship in 2019 held in Spain, defeating France in the final by 3–1.[16][17] It was their second consecutive European championship title.[17]

Women's U23

The women's national under-23 team's achievements include fourth place at the 18th CMAS Elite Underwater Hockey World Championships in 2013 at Eger, Hungary,[10] and sixth rank at the 3rd World Age Group Underwater Hockey Championships in 2015 at Castellón de la Plana, Spain.[18]

Men's U23/U24

The men's national under-23 team won the championship at the World Age Group Underwater Hockey Championships in 2015 at Castellón de la Plana, Spain,[18] and in 2017 at Hobart, Australia.[4][19] The men's national under-24 team won the 5th World Age Group CMAS Underwater Hockey Championship in 2019 at Sheffield, England, for the third consecutive time,[20] becoming the only national team to win the title three times in a row.[17]

References

  1. ^ a b "2020 Sualtı Hokeyi Federasyon Kupası ve Milli Takım Seçmesi Müsabaka Fisktürü" (in Turkish). TürkiyeSualtı Sporları Federasyonu. 13 February 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Sualtı Hokeyi 19 Yaş Altında, Bilimsel Yüzme ve Deniz Kızı Kulüpleri Türkiye Şampiyonu Oldu" (in Turkish). TürkiyeSualtı Sporları Federasyonu. 23 December 2019. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Sualtı Hokeyi U23 Yaşaltı Kulüplerarası Türkiye Şampiyonası ( Erkek ) ve Federasyon Kupası ( Bayan ) Takım Sıralaması" (in Turkish). Türkiye Sualtı Sporları Federasyonu. 29 August 2016. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d "Türkiye'de Sualtı Hokeyi" (in Turkish). Bilimsel Yüzme. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  5. ^ "'Sualtı Hokeyi Federasyon Kupası' - Çanakkale". Beyaz Gazete (in Turkish). 18 January 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Sualtı Hokeyi Federasyon Kupası Heyecanı Çanakkale'de Başlıyor". Haberler (in Turkish). 27 February 2019. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  7. ^ "Sualtı Hokeyi Federasyon Kupası İstanbul'da başlıyor". Deniz Haber (in Turkish). 20 February 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Sualtı Hokeyi" (in Turkish). TürkiyeSualtı Sporları Federasyonu. Retrieved 27 August 2020.
  9. ^ "17th CMAS Elite Underwater Hockey World Championships". CMAS. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  10. ^ a b "18th,CMAS Elite Underwater Hockey World Championships". CMAS. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  11. ^ "19th CMAS Underwater Hockey World Championship". CMAS. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  12. ^ Yıldız, İbrahim; Hüseyin AslıYüce (30 July 2018). "Dünya üçüncüsü olan Sualtı Hokeyi Milli Takımı yurda döndü". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  13. ^ "320th CMAS Underwater Hockey World Championship". CMAS. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  14. ^ "Türkiye, sualtı hokeyinde Avrupa Şampiyonu oldu". Sabah (in Turkish). 26 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  15. ^ "Türkiye, sualtı hokeyinde Avrupa Şampiyonu oldu". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 26 August 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  16. ^ Avşar, Halil İbrahim (4 August 2019). "Sualtı hokeyinde Türkiye yeniden Avrupa şampiyonu". Anadolu News Agency (in Turkish). Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  17. ^ a b c "Şahin Özen: Üst üste üç kez şampiyon olan tek ülkeyiz". Fanatik (in Turkish). 24 December 2019. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  18. ^ a b "3rd World Age Group Underwater Hockey Championships". CMAS. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  19. ^ "4th World Age Group Underwater Hockey Championship". CMAS. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  20. ^ "5th World Age Group CMAS Underwater Hockey Championship". CMAS. Retrieved 29 August 2020.