Underwater warfare

Summary

Underwater warfare is one of the three operational areas of naval warfare, the others being surface warfare and aerial warfare. It refers to combat conducted underwater such as:

Name

Underwater warfare may also be referred to as undersea warfare[1] or subsurface warfare.[2]

History

In the 20th century underwater warfare was dominated by the submarine. In the 21st century unmanned underwater vehicles are coming to play a significant part in underwater warfare.[3]

Seabed warfare

Seabed warfare is defined as “operations to, from and across the ocean floor.”[4] In general the target of seabed warfare is infrastructure in place on the seabed such as power cables, telecom cables, or natural resource extraction systems.[5][6]

See also

References

  1. ^ Eckstein, Megan. "Navy Undersea Warfare Priorities: Strategic Deterrence, Lethality and Networked Systems". news.usni.org. USNI. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  2. ^ VANDIVER, JOHN. "Ukraine plans Black Sea bases as US steps up presence in region". www.stripes.com. Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  3. ^ MAKICHUK, DAVE. "Silent running: China embraces undersea warfare". asiatimes.com. Asia Times. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  4. ^ Carr, Christopher; Franco, Jahdiel; Mierzwa, Cheryl; Shattuck, Lewis B.; Suursoo, Melissa. "SEABED WARFARE AND THE XLUUV" (PDF). calhoun.nps.edu. Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  5. ^ Glenney, Bill. "THE DEEP OCEAN: SEABED WARFARE AND THE DEFENSE OF UNDERSEA INFRASTRUCTURE, PT. 1". cimsec.org. Center for International Maritime Security. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  6. ^ Johnson, Bridget. "Russia's 'Seabed Warfare' Could Hit Vast Networks of Underwater Communications Cables". www.hstoday.us. Homeland Security Today. Retrieved 4 March 2021.