In six-dimensional geometry, a uniform 6-polytope is a six-dimensional uniform polytope. A uniform polypeton is vertex-transitive, and all facets are uniform 5-polytopes.
The complete set of convex uniform 6-polytopes has not been determined, but most can be made as Wythoff constructions from a small set of symmetry groups. These construction operations are represented by the permutations of rings of the Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams. Each combination of at least one ring on every connected group of nodes in the diagram produces a uniform 6-polytope.
The simplest uniform polypeta are regular polytopes: the 6-simplex {3,3,3,3,3}, the 6-cube (hexeract) {4,3,3,3,3}, and the 6-orthoplex (hexacross) {3,3,3,3,4}.
Uniform 6-polytopes with reflective symmetry can be generated by these four Coxeter groups, represented by permutations of rings of the Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams.
There are four fundamental reflective symmetry groups which generate 153 unique uniform 6-polytopes.
# | Coxeter group | Coxeter-Dynkin diagram | |
---|---|---|---|
1 | A_{6} | [3,3,3,3,3] | |
2 | B_{6} | [3,3,3,3,4] | |
3 | D_{6} | [3,3,3,3^{1,1}] | |
4 | E_{6} | [3^{2,2,1}] | |
[3,3^{2,2}] |
Coxeter-Dynkin diagram correspondences between families and higher symmetry within diagrams. Nodes of the same color in each row represent identical mirrors. Black nodes are not active in the correspondence. |
Uniform prism
There are 6 categorical uniform prisms based on the uniform 5-polytopes.
# | Coxeter group | Notes | ||
---|---|---|---|---|
1 | A_{5}A_{1} | [3,3,3,3,2] | Prism family based on 5-simplex | |
2 | B_{5}A_{1} | [4,3,3,3,2] | Prism family based on 5-cube | |
3a | D_{5}A_{1} | [3^{2,1,1},2] | Prism family based on 5-demicube |
# | Coxeter group | Notes | ||
---|---|---|---|---|
4 | A_{3}I_{2}(p)A_{1} | [3,3,2,p,2] | Prism family based on tetrahedral-p-gonal duoprisms | |
5 | B_{3}I_{2}(p)A_{1} | [4,3,2,p,2] | Prism family based on cubic-p-gonal duoprisms | |
6 | H_{3}I_{2}(p)A_{1} | [5,3,2,p,2] | Prism family based on dodecahedral-p-gonal duoprisms |
Uniform duoprism
There are 11 categorical uniform duoprismatic families of polytopes based on Cartesian products of lower-dimensional uniform polytopes. Five are formed as the product of a uniform 4-polytope with a regular polygon, and six are formed by the product of two uniform polyhedra:
# | Coxeter group | Notes | ||
---|---|---|---|---|
1 | A_{4}I_{2}(p) | [3,3,3,2,p] | Family based on 5-cell-p-gonal duoprisms. | |
2 | B_{4}I_{2}(p) | [4,3,3,2,p] | Family based on tesseract-p-gonal duoprisms. | |
3 | F_{4}I_{2}(p) | [3,4,3,2,p] | Family based on 24-cell-p-gonal duoprisms. | |
4 | H_{4}I_{2}(p) | [5,3,3,2,p] | Family based on 120-cell-p-gonal duoprisms. | |
5 | D_{4}I_{2}(p) | [3^{1,1,1},2,p] | Family based on demitesseract-p-gonal duoprisms. |
# | Coxeter group | Notes | ||
---|---|---|---|---|
6 | A_{3}^{2} | [3,3,2,3,3] | Family based on tetrahedral duoprisms. | |
7 | A_{3}B_{3} | [3,3,2,4,3] | Family based on tetrahedral-cubic duoprisms. | |
8 | A_{3}H_{3} | [3,3,2,5,3] | Family based on tetrahedral-dodecahedral duoprisms. | |
9 | B_{3}^{2} | [4,3,2,4,3] | Family based on cubic duoprisms. | |
10 | B_{3}H_{3} | [4,3,2,5,3] | Family based on cubic-dodecahedral duoprisms. | |
11 | H_{3}^{2} | [5,3,2,5,3] | Family based on dodecahedral duoprisms. |
Uniform triaprism
There is one infinite family of uniform triaprismatic families of polytopes constructed as a Cartesian products of three regular polygons. Each combination of at least one ring on every connected group produces a uniform prismatic 6-polytope.
# | Coxeter group | Notes | ||
---|---|---|---|---|
1 | I_{2}(p)I_{2}(q)I_{2}(r) | [p,2,q,2,r] | Family based on p,q,r-gonal triprisms |
These fundamental families generate 153 nonprismatic convex uniform polypeta.
In addition, there are 57 uniform 6-polytope constructions based on prisms of the uniform 5-polytopes: [3,3,3,3,2], [4,3,3,3,2], [3^{2,1,1},2], excluding the penteract prism as a duplicate of the hexeract.
In addition, there are infinitely many uniform 6-polytope based on:
There are 32+4−1=35 forms, derived by marking one or more nodes of the Coxeter-Dynkin diagram. All 35 are enumerated below. They are named by Norman Johnson from the Wythoff construction operations upon regular 6-simplex (heptapeton). Bowers-style acronym names are given in parentheses for cross-referencing.
The A_{6} family has symmetry of order 5040 (7 factorial).
The coordinates of uniform 6-polytopes with 6-simplex symmetry can be generated as permutations of simple integers in 7-space, all in hyperplanes with normal vector (1,1,1,1,1,1,1).
# | Coxeter-Dynkin | Johnson naming system Bowers name and (acronym) |
Base point | Element counts | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | ||||
1 | 6-simplex heptapeton (hop) |
(0,0,0,0,0,0,1) | 7 | 21 | 35 | 35 | 21 | 7 | |
2 | Rectified 6-simplex rectified heptapeton (ril) |
(0,0,0,0,0,1,1) | 14 | 63 | 140 | 175 | 105 | 21 | |
3 | Truncated 6-simplex truncated heptapeton (til) |
(0,0,0,0,0,1,2) | 14 | 63 | 140 | 175 | 126 | 42 | |
4 | Birectified 6-simplex birectified heptapeton (bril) |
(0,0,0,0,1,1,1) | 14 | 84 | 245 | 350 | 210 | 35 | |
5 | Cantellated 6-simplex small rhombated heptapeton (sril) |
(0,0,0,0,1,1,2) | 35 | 210 | 560 | 805 | 525 | 105 | |
6 | Bitruncated 6-simplex bitruncated heptapeton (batal) |
(0,0,0,0,1,2,2) | 14 | 84 | 245 | 385 | 315 | 105 | |
7 | Cantitruncated 6-simplex great rhombated heptapeton (gril) |
(0,0,0,0,1,2,3) | 35 | 210 | 560 | 805 | 630 | 210 | |
8 | Runcinated 6-simplex small prismated heptapeton (spil) |
(0,0,0,1,1,1,2) | 70 | 455 | 1330 | 1610 | 840 | 140 | |
9 | Bicantellated 6-simplex small birhombated heptapeton (sabril) |
(0,0,0,1,1,2,2) | 70 | 455 | 1295 | 1610 | 840 | 140 | |
10 | Runcitruncated 6-simplex prismatotruncated heptapeton (patal) |
(0,0,0,1,1,2,3) | 70 | 560 | 1820 | 2800 | 1890 | 420 | |
11 | Tritruncated 6-simplex tetradecapeton (fe) |
(0,0,0,1,2,2,2) | 14 | 84 | 280 | 490 | 420 | 140 | |
12 | Runcicantellated 6-simplex prismatorhombated heptapeton (pril) |
(0,0,0,1,2,2,3) | 70 | 455 | 1295 | 1960 | 1470 | 420 | |
13 | Bicantitruncated 6-simplex great birhombated heptapeton (gabril) |
(0,0,0,1,2,3,3) | 49 | 329 | 980 | 1540 | 1260 | 420 | |
14 | Runcicantitruncated 6-simplex great prismated heptapeton (gapil) |
(0,0,0,1,2,3,4) | 70 | 560 | 1820 | 3010 | 2520 | 840 | |
15 | Stericated 6-simplex small cellated heptapeton (scal) |
(0,0,1,1,1,1,2) | 105 | 700 | 1470 | 1400 | 630 | 105 | |
16 | Biruncinated 6-simplex small biprismato-tetradecapeton (sibpof) |
(0,0,1,1,1,2,2) | 84 | 714 | 2100 | 2520 | 1260 | 210 | |
17 | Steritruncated 6-simplex cellitruncated heptapeton (catal) |
(0,0,1,1,1,2,3) | 105 | 945 | 2940 | 3780 | 2100 | 420 | |
18 | Stericantellated 6-simplex cellirhombated heptapeton (cral) |
(0,0,1,1,2,2,3) | 105 | 1050 | 3465 | 5040 | 3150 | 630 | |
19 | Biruncitruncated 6-simplex biprismatorhombated heptapeton (bapril) |
(0,0,1,1,2,3,3) | 84 | 714 | 2310 | 3570 | 2520 | 630 | |
20 | Stericantitruncated 6-simplex celligreatorhombated heptapeton (cagral) |
(0,0,1,1,2,3,4) | 105 | 1155 | 4410 | 7140 | 5040 | 1260 | |
21 | Steriruncinated 6-simplex celliprismated heptapeton (copal) |
(0,0,1,2,2,2,3) | 105 | 700 | 1995 | 2660 | 1680 | 420 | |
22 | Steriruncitruncated 6-simplex celliprismatotruncated heptapeton (captal) |
(0,0,1,2,2,3,4) | 105 | 945 | 3360 | 5670 | 4410 | 1260 | |
23 | Steriruncicantellated 6-simplex celliprismatorhombated heptapeton (copril) |
(0,0,1,2,3,3,4) | 105 | 1050 | 3675 | 5880 | 4410 | 1260 | |
24 | Biruncicantitruncated 6-simplex great biprismato-tetradecapeton (gibpof) |
(0,0,1,2,3,4,4) | 84 | 714 | 2520 | 4410 | 3780 | 1260 | |
25 | Steriruncicantitruncated 6-simplex great cellated heptapeton (gacal) |
(0,0,1,2,3,4,5) | 105 | 1155 | 4620 | 8610 | 7560 | 2520 | |
26 | Pentellated 6-simplex small teri-tetradecapeton (staff) |
(0,1,1,1,1,1,2) | 126 | 434 | 630 | 490 | 210 | 42 | |
27 | Pentitruncated 6-simplex teracellated heptapeton (tocal) |
(0,1,1,1,1,2,3) | 126 | 826 | 1785 | 1820 | 945 | 210 | |
28 | Penticantellated 6-simplex teriprismated heptapeton (topal) |
(0,1,1,1,2,2,3) | 126 | 1246 | 3570 | 4340 | 2310 | 420 | |
29 | Penticantitruncated 6-simplex terigreatorhombated heptapeton (togral) |
(0,1,1,1,2,3,4) | 126 | 1351 | 4095 | 5390 | 3360 | 840 | |
30 | Pentiruncitruncated 6-simplex tericellirhombated heptapeton (tocral) |
(0,1,1,2,2,3,4) | 126 | 1491 | 5565 | 8610 | 5670 | 1260 | |
31 | Pentiruncicantellated 6-simplex teriprismatorhombi-tetradecapeton (taporf) |
(0,1,1,2,3,3,4) | 126 | 1596 | 5250 | 7560 | 5040 | 1260 | |
32 | Pentiruncicantitruncated 6-simplex terigreatoprismated heptapeton (tagopal) |
(0,1,1,2,3,4,5) | 126 | 1701 | 6825 | 11550 | 8820 | 2520 | |
33 | Pentisteritruncated 6-simplex tericellitrunki-tetradecapeton (tactaf) |
(0,1,2,2,2,3,4) | 126 | 1176 | 3780 | 5250 | 3360 | 840 | |
34 | Pentistericantitruncated 6-simplex tericelligreatorhombated heptapeton (tacogral) |
(0,1,2,2,3,4,5) | 126 | 1596 | 6510 | 11340 | 8820 | 2520 | |
35 | Omnitruncated 6-simplex great teri-tetradecapeton (gotaf) |
(0,1,2,3,4,5,6) | 126 | 1806 | 8400 | 16800 | 15120 | 5040 |
There are 63 forms based on all permutations of the Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams with one or more rings.
The B_{6} family has symmetry of order 46080 (6 factorial x 2^{6}).
They are named by Norman Johnson from the Wythoff construction operations upon the regular 6-cube and 6-orthoplex. Bowers names and acronym names are given for cross-referencing.
# | Coxeter-Dynkin diagram | Schläfli symbol | Names | Element counts | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | ||||
36 | t_{0}{3,3,3,3,4} | 6-orthoplex Hexacontatetrapeton (gee) |
64 | 192 | 240 | 160 | 60 | 12 | |
37 | t_{1}{3,3,3,3,4} | Rectified 6-orthoplex Rectified hexacontatetrapeton (rag) |
76 | 576 | 1200 | 1120 | 480 | 60 | |
38 | t_{2}{3,3,3,3,4} | Birectified 6-orthoplex Birectified hexacontatetrapeton (brag) |
76 | 636 | 2160 | 2880 | 1440 | 160 | |
39 | t_{2}{4,3,3,3,3} | Birectified 6-cube Birectified hexeract (brox) |
76 | 636 | 2080 | 3200 | 1920 | 240 | |
40 | t_{1}{4,3,3,3,3} | Rectified 6-cube Rectified hexeract (rax) |
76 | 444 | 1120 | 1520 | 960 | 192 | |
41 | t_{0}{4,3,3,3,3} | 6-cube Hexeract (ax) |
12 | 60 | 160 | 240 | 192 | 64 | |
42 | t_{0,1}{3,3,3,3,4} | Truncated 6-orthoplex Truncated hexacontatetrapeton (tag) |
76 | 576 | 1200 | 1120 | 540 | 120 | |
43 | t_{0,2}{3,3,3,3,4} | Cantellated 6-orthoplex Small rhombated hexacontatetrapeton (srog) |
136 | 1656 | 5040 | 6400 | 3360 | 480 | |
44 | t_{1,2}{3,3,3,3,4} | Bitruncated 6-orthoplex Bitruncated hexacontatetrapeton (botag) |
1920 | 480 | |||||
45 | t_{0,3}{3,3,3,3,4} | Runcinated 6-orthoplex Small prismated hexacontatetrapeton (spog) |
7200 | 960 | |||||
46 | t_{1,3}{3,3,3,3,4} | Bicantellated 6-orthoplex Small birhombated hexacontatetrapeton (siborg) |
8640 | 1440 | |||||
47 | t_{2,3}{4,3,3,3,3} | Tritruncated 6-cube Hexeractihexacontitetrapeton (xog) |
3360 | 960 | |||||
48 | t_{0,4}{3,3,3,3,4} | Stericated 6-orthoplex Small cellated hexacontatetrapeton (scag) |
5760 | 960 | |||||
49 | t_{1,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Biruncinated 6-cube Small biprismato-hexeractihexacontitetrapeton (sobpoxog) |
11520 | 1920 | |||||
50 | t_{1,3}{4,3,3,3,3} | Bicantellated 6-cube Small birhombated hexeract (saborx) |
9600 | 1920 | |||||
51 | t_{1,2}{4,3,3,3,3} | Bitruncated 6-cube Bitruncated hexeract (botox) |
2880 | 960 | |||||
52 | t_{0,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Pentellated 6-cube Small teri-hexeractihexacontitetrapeton (stoxog) |
1920 | 384 | |||||
53 | t_{0,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Stericated 6-cube Small cellated hexeract (scox) |
5760 | 960 | |||||
54 | t_{0,3}{4,3,3,3,3} | Runcinated 6-cube Small prismated hexeract (spox) |
7680 | 1280 | |||||
55 | t_{0,2}{4,3,3,3,3} | Cantellated 6-cube Small rhombated hexeract (srox) |
4800 | 960 | |||||
56 | t_{0,1}{4,3,3,3,3} | Truncated 6-cube Truncated hexeract (tox) |
76 | 444 | 1120 | 1520 | 1152 | 384 | |
57 | t_{0,1,2}{3,3,3,3,4} | Cantitruncated 6-orthoplex Great rhombated hexacontatetrapeton (grog) |
3840 | 960 | |||||
58 | t_{0,1,3}{3,3,3,3,4} | Runcitruncated 6-orthoplex Prismatotruncated hexacontatetrapeton (potag) |
15840 | 2880 | |||||
59 | t_{0,2,3}{3,3,3,3,4} | Runcicantellated 6-orthoplex Prismatorhombated hexacontatetrapeton (prog) |
11520 | 2880 | |||||
60 | t_{1,2,3}{3,3,3,3,4} | Bicantitruncated 6-orthoplex Great birhombated hexacontatetrapeton (gaborg) |
10080 | 2880 | |||||
61 | t_{0,1,4}{3,3,3,3,4} | Steritruncated 6-orthoplex Cellitruncated hexacontatetrapeton (catog) |
19200 | 3840 | |||||
62 | t_{0,2,4}{3,3,3,3,4} | Stericantellated 6-orthoplex Cellirhombated hexacontatetrapeton (crag) |
28800 | 5760 | |||||
63 | t_{1,2,4}{3,3,3,3,4} | Biruncitruncated 6-orthoplex Biprismatotruncated hexacontatetrapeton (boprax) |
23040 | 5760 | |||||
64 | t_{0,3,4}{3,3,3,3,4} | Steriruncinated 6-orthoplex Celliprismated hexacontatetrapeton (copog) |
15360 | 3840 | |||||
65 | t_{1,2,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Biruncitruncated 6-cube Biprismatotruncated hexeract (boprag) |
23040 | 5760 | |||||
66 | t_{1,2,3}{4,3,3,3,3} | Bicantitruncated 6-cube Great birhombated hexeract (gaborx) |
11520 | 3840 | |||||
67 | t_{0,1,5}{3,3,3,3,4} | Pentitruncated 6-orthoplex Teritruncated hexacontatetrapeton (tacox) |
8640 | 1920 | |||||
68 | t_{0,2,5}{3,3,3,3,4} | Penticantellated 6-orthoplex Terirhombated hexacontatetrapeton (tapox) |
21120 | 3840 | |||||
69 | t_{0,3,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Steriruncinated 6-cube Celliprismated hexeract (copox) |
15360 | 3840 | |||||
70 | t_{0,2,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Penticantellated 6-cube Terirhombated hexeract (topag) |
21120 | 3840 | |||||
71 | t_{0,2,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Stericantellated 6-cube Cellirhombated hexeract (crax) |
28800 | 5760 | |||||
72 | t_{0,2,3}{4,3,3,3,3} | Runcicantellated 6-cube Prismatorhombated hexeract (prox) |
13440 | 3840 | |||||
73 | t_{0,1,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Pentitruncated 6-cube Teritruncated hexeract (tacog) |
8640 | 1920 | |||||
74 | t_{0,1,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Steritruncated 6-cube Cellitruncated hexeract (catax) |
19200 | 3840 | |||||
75 | t_{0,1,3}{4,3,3,3,3} | Runcitruncated 6-cube Prismatotruncated hexeract (potax) |
17280 | 3840 | |||||
76 | t_{0,1,2}{4,3,3,3,3} | Cantitruncated 6-cube Great rhombated hexeract (grox) |
5760 | 1920 | |||||
77 | t_{0,1,2,3}{3,3,3,3,4} | Runcicantitruncated 6-orthoplex Great prismated hexacontatetrapeton (gopog) |
20160 | 5760 | |||||
78 | t_{0,1,2,4}{3,3,3,3,4} | Stericantitruncated 6-orthoplex Celligreatorhombated hexacontatetrapeton (cagorg) |
46080 | 11520 | |||||
79 | t_{0,1,3,4}{3,3,3,3,4} | Steriruncitruncated 6-orthoplex Celliprismatotruncated hexacontatetrapeton (captog) |
40320 | 11520 | |||||
80 | t_{0,2,3,4}{3,3,3,3,4} | Steriruncicantellated 6-orthoplex Celliprismatorhombated hexacontatetrapeton (coprag) |
40320 | 11520 | |||||
81 | t_{1,2,3,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Biruncicantitruncated 6-cube Great biprismato-hexeractihexacontitetrapeton (gobpoxog) |
34560 | 11520 | |||||
82 | t_{0,1,2,5}{3,3,3,3,4} | Penticantitruncated 6-orthoplex Terigreatorhombated hexacontatetrapeton (togrig) |
30720 | 7680 | |||||
83 | t_{0,1,3,5}{3,3,3,3,4} | Pentiruncitruncated 6-orthoplex Teriprismatotruncated hexacontatetrapeton (tocrax) |
51840 | 11520 | |||||
84 | t_{0,2,3,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Pentiruncicantellated 6-cube Teriprismatorhombi-hexeractihexacontitetrapeton (tiprixog) |
46080 | 11520 | |||||
85 | t_{0,2,3,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Steriruncicantellated 6-cube Celliprismatorhombated hexeract (coprix) |
40320 | 11520 | |||||
86 | t_{0,1,4,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Pentisteritruncated 6-cube Tericelli-hexeractihexacontitetrapeton (tactaxog) |
30720 | 7680 | |||||
87 | t_{0,1,3,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Pentiruncitruncated 6-cube Teriprismatotruncated hexeract (tocrag) |
51840 | 11520 | |||||
88 | t_{0,1,3,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Steriruncitruncated 6-cube Celliprismatotruncated hexeract (captix) |
40320 | 11520 | |||||
89 | t_{0,1,2,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Penticantitruncated 6-cube Terigreatorhombated hexeract (togrix) |
30720 | 7680 | |||||
90 | t_{0,1,2,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Stericantitruncated 6-cube Celligreatorhombated hexeract (cagorx) |
46080 | 11520 | |||||
91 | t_{0,1,2,3}{4,3,3,3,3} | Runcicantitruncated 6-cube Great prismated hexeract (gippox) |
23040 | 7680 | |||||
92 | t_{0,1,2,3,4}{3,3,3,3,4} | Steriruncicantitruncated 6-orthoplex Great cellated hexacontatetrapeton (gocog) |
69120 | 23040 | |||||
93 | t_{0,1,2,3,5}{3,3,3,3,4} | Pentiruncicantitruncated 6-orthoplex Terigreatoprismated hexacontatetrapeton (tagpog) |
80640 | 23040 | |||||
94 | t_{0,1,2,4,5}{3,3,3,3,4} | Pentistericantitruncated 6-orthoplex Tericelligreatorhombated hexacontatetrapeton (tecagorg) |
80640 | 23040 | |||||
95 | t_{0,1,2,4,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Pentistericantitruncated 6-cube Tericelligreatorhombated hexeract (tocagrax) |
80640 | 23040 | |||||
96 | t_{0,1,2,3,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Pentiruncicantitruncated 6-cube Terigreatoprismated hexeract (tagpox) |
80640 | 23040 | |||||
97 | t_{0,1,2,3,4}{4,3,3,3,3} | Steriruncicantitruncated 6-cube Great cellated hexeract (gocax) |
69120 | 23040 | |||||
98 | t_{0,1,2,3,4,5}{4,3,3,3,3} | Omnitruncated 6-cube Great teri-hexeractihexacontitetrapeton (gotaxog) |
138240 | 46080 |
The D_{6} family has symmetry of order 23040 (6 factorial x 2^{5}).
This family has 3×16−1=47 Wythoffian uniform polytopes, generated by marking one or more nodes of the D_{6} Coxeter-Dynkin diagram. Of these, 31 (2×16−1) are repeated from the B_{6} family and 16 are unique to this family. The 16 unique forms are enumerated below. Bowers-style acronym names are given for cross-referencing.
# | Coxeter diagram | Names | Base point (Alternately signed) |
Element counts | Circumrad | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 1 | 0 | |||||
99 | = | 6-demicube Hemihexeract (hax) |
(1,1,1,1,1,1) | 44 | 252 | 640 | 640 | 240 | 32 | 0.8660254 |
100 | = | Cantic 6-cube Truncated hemihexeract (thax) |
(1,1,3,3,3,3) | 76 | 636 | 2080 | 3200 | 2160 | 480 | 2.1794493 |
101 | = | Runcic 6-cube Small rhombated hemihexeract (sirhax) |
(1,1,1,3,3,3) | 3840 | 640 | 1.9364916 | ||||
102 | = | Steric 6-cube Small prismated hemihexeract (sophax) |
(1,1,1,1,3,3) | 3360 | 480 | 1.6583123 | ||||
103 | = | Pentic 6-cube Small cellated demihexeract (sochax) |
(1,1,1,1,1,3) | 1440 | 192 | 1.3228756 | ||||
104 | = | Runcicantic 6-cube Great rhombated hemihexeract (girhax) |
(1,1,3,5,5,5) | 5760 | 1920 | 3.2787192 | ||||
105 | = | Stericantic 6-cube Prismatotruncated hemihexeract (pithax) |
(1,1,3,3,5,5) | 12960 | 2880 | 2.95804 | ||||
106 | = | Steriruncic 6-cube Prismatorhombated hemihexeract (prohax) |
(1,1,1,3,5,5) | 7680 | 1920 | 2.7838821 | ||||
107 | = | Penticantic 6-cube Cellitruncated hemihexeract (cathix) |
(1,1,3,3,3,5) | 9600 | 1920 | 2.5980761 | ||||
108 | = | Pentiruncic 6-cube Cellirhombated hemihexeract (crohax) |
(1,1,1,3,3,5) | 10560 | 1920 | 2.3979158 | ||||
109 | = | Pentisteric 6-cube Celliprismated hemihexeract (cophix) |
(1,1,1,1,3,5) | 5280 | 960 | 2.1794496 | ||||
110 | = | Steriruncicantic 6-cube Great prismated hemihexeract (gophax) |
(1,1,3,5,7,7) | 17280 | 5760 | 4.0926762 | ||||
111 | = | Pentiruncicantic 6-cube Celligreatorhombated hemihexeract (cagrohax) |
(1,1,3,5,5,7) | 20160 | 5760 | 3.7080991 | ||||
112 | = | Pentistericantic 6-cube Celliprismatotruncated hemihexeract (capthix) |
(1,1,3,3,5,7) | 23040 | 5760 | 3.4278274 | ||||
113 | = | Pentisteriruncic 6-cube Celliprismatorhombated hemihexeract (caprohax) |
(1,1,1,3,5,7) | 15360 | 3840 | 3.2787192 | ||||
114 | = | Pentisteriruncicantic 6-cube Great cellated hemihexeract (gochax) |
(1,1,3,5,7,9) | 34560 | 11520 | 4.5552168 |
There are 39 forms based on all permutations of the Coxeter-Dynkin diagrams with one or more rings. Bowers-style acronym names are given for cross-referencing. The E_{6} family has symmetry of order 51,840.
# | Coxeter diagram | Names | Element counts | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
5-faces | 4-faces | Cells | Faces | Edges | Vertices | |||
115 | 2_{21} Icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (jak) |
99 | 648 | 1080 | 720 | 216 | 27 | |
116 | Rectified 2_{21} Rectified icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (rojak) |
126 | 1350 | 4320 | 5040 | 2160 | 216 | |
117 | Truncated 2_{21} Truncated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (tojak) |
126 | 1350 | 4320 | 5040 | 2376 | 432 | |
118 | Cantellated 2_{21} Small rhombated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (sirjak) |
342 | 3942 | 15120 | 24480 | 15120 | 2160 | |
119 | Runcinated 2_{21} Small demiprismated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (shopjak) |
342 | 4662 | 16200 | 19440 | 8640 | 1080 | |
120 | Demified icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (hejak) | 342 | 2430 | 7200 | 7920 | 3240 | 432 | |
121 | Bitruncated 2_{21} Bitruncated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (botajik) |
2160 | ||||||
122 | Demirectified icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (harjak) | 1080 | ||||||
123 | Cantitruncated 2_{21} Great rhombated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (girjak) |
4320 | ||||||
124 | Runcitruncated 2_{21} Demiprismatotruncated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (hopitjak) |
4320 | ||||||
125 | Steritruncated 2_{21} Cellitruncated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (catjak) |
2160 | ||||||
126 | Demitruncated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (hotjak) | 2160 | ||||||
127 | Runcicantellated 2_{21} Demiprismatorhombated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (haprojak) |
6480 | ||||||
128 | Small demirhombated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (shorjak) | 4320 | ||||||
129 | Small prismated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (spojak) | 4320 | ||||||
130 | Tritruncated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (titajak) | 4320 | ||||||
131 | Runcicantitruncated 2_{21} Great demiprismated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (ghopjak) |
12960 | ||||||
132 | Stericantitruncated 2_{21} Celligreatorhombated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (cograjik) |
12960 | ||||||
133 | Great demirhombated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (ghorjak) | 8640 | ||||||
134 | Prismatotruncated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (potjak) | 12960 | ||||||
135 | Demicellitruncated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (hictijik) | 8640 | ||||||
136 | Prismatorhombated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (projak) | 12960 | ||||||
137 | Great prismated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (gapjak) | 25920 | ||||||
138 | Demicelligreatorhombated icosiheptaheptacontidipeton (hocgarjik) | 25920 |
# | Coxeter diagram | Names | Element counts | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
5-faces | 4-faces | Cells | Faces | Edges | Vertices | |||
139 | = | 1_{22} Pentacontatetrapeton (mo) |
54 | 702 | 2160 | 2160 | 720 | 72 |
140 | = | Rectified 1_{22} Rectified pentacontatetrapeton (ram) |
126 | 1566 | 6480 | 10800 | 6480 | 720 |
141 | = | Birectified 1_{22} Birectified pentacontatetrapeton (barm) |
126 | 2286 | 10800 | 19440 | 12960 | 2160 |
142 | = | Trirectified 1_{22} Trirectified pentacontatetrapeton (trim) |
558 | 4608 | 8640 | 6480 | 2160 | 270 |
143 | = | Truncated 1_{22} Truncated pentacontatetrapeton (tim) |
13680 | 1440 | ||||
144 | = | Bitruncated 1_{22} Bitruncated pentacontatetrapeton (bitem) |
6480 | |||||
145 | = | Tritruncated 1_{22} Tritruncated pentacontatetrapeton (titam) |
8640 | |||||
146 | = | Cantellated 1_{22} Small rhombated pentacontatetrapeton (sram) |
6480 | |||||
147 | = | Cantitruncated 1_{22} Great rhombated pentacontatetrapeton (gram) |
12960 | |||||
148 | = | Runcinated 1_{22} Small prismated pentacontatetrapeton (spam) |
2160 | |||||
149 | = | Bicantellated 1_{22} Small birhombated pentacontatetrapeton (sabrim) |
6480 | |||||
150 | = | Bicantitruncated 1_{22} Great birhombated pentacontatetrapeton (gabrim) |
12960 | |||||
151 | = | Runcitruncated 1_{22} Prismatotruncated pentacontatetrapeton (patom) |
12960 | |||||
152 | = | Runcicantellated 1_{22} Prismatorhombated pentacontatetrapeton (prom) |
25920 | |||||
153 | = | Omnitruncated 1_{22} Great prismated pentacontatetrapeton (gopam) |
51840 |
Uniform triaprisms, {p}×{q}×{r}, form an infinite class for all integers p,q,r>2. {4}×{4}×{4} makes a lower symmetry form of the 6-cube.
The extended f-vector is (p,p,1)*(q,q,1)*(r,r,1)=(pqr,3pqr,3pqr+pq+pr+qr,3p(p+1),3p,1).
Coxeter diagram | Names | Element counts | |||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
5-faces | 4-faces | Cells | Faces | Edges | Vertices | ||
{p}×{q}×{r} ^{[4]} | p+q+r | pq+pr+qr+p+q+r | pqr+2(pq+pr+qr) | 3pqr+pq+pr+qr | 3pqr | pqr | |
{p}×{p}×{p} | 3p | 3p(p+1) | p^{2}(p+6) | 3p^{2}(p+1) | 3p^{3} | p^{3} | |
{3}×{3}×{3} (trittip) | 9 | 36 | 81 | 99 | 81 | 27 | |
{4}×{4}×{4} = 6-cube | 12 | 60 | 160 | 240 | 192 | 64 |
In 6 dimensions and above, there are an infinite amount of non-Wythoffian convex uniform polytopes: the Cartesian product of the grand antiprism in 4 dimensions and any regular polygon in 2 dimensions. It is not yet proven whether or not there are more.
There are four fundamental affine Coxeter groups and 27 prismatic groups that generate regular and uniform tessellations in 5-space:
# | Coxeter group | Coxeter diagram | Forms | |
---|---|---|---|---|
1 | [3^{[6]}] | 12 | ||
2 | [4,3^{3},4] | 35 | ||
3 | [4,3,3^{1,1}] [4,3^{3},4,1^{+}] |
47 (16 new) | ||
4 | [3^{1,1},3,3^{1,1}] [1^{+},4,3^{3},4,1^{+}] |
20 (3 new) |
Regular and uniform honeycombs include:
# | Coxeter group | Coxeter-Dynkin diagram | |
---|---|---|---|
1 | x | [3^{[5]},2,∞] | |
2 | x | [4,3,3^{1,1},2,∞] | |
3 | x | [4,3,3,4,2,∞] | |
4 | x | [3^{1,1,1,1},2,∞] | |
5 | x | [3,4,3,3,2,∞] | |
6 | xx | [4,3,4,2,∞,2,∞] | |
7 | xx | [4,3^{1,1},2,∞,2,∞] | |
8 | xx | [3^{[4]},2,∞,2,∞] | |
9 | xxx | [4,4,2,∞,2,∞,2,∞] | |
10 | xxx | [6,3,2,∞,2,∞,2,∞] | |
11 | xxx | [3^{[3]},2,∞,2,∞,2,∞] | |
12 | xxxx | [∞,2,∞,2,∞,2,∞,2,∞] | |
13 | xx | [3^{[3]},2,3^{[3]},2,∞] | |
14 | xx | [3^{[3]},2,4,4,2,∞] | |
15 | xx | [3^{[3]},2,6,3,2,∞] | |
16 | xx | [4,4,2,4,4,2,∞] | |
17 | xx | [4,4,2,6,3,2,∞] | |
18 | xx | [6,3,2,6,3,2,∞] | |
19 | x | [3^{[4]},2,3^{[3]}] | |
20 | x | [4,3^{1,1},2,3^{[3]}] | |
21 | x | [4,3,4,2,3^{[3]}] | |
22 | x | [3^{[4]},2,4,4] | |
23 | x | [4,3^{1,1},2,4,4] | |
24 | x | [4,3,4,2,4,4] | |
25 | x | [3^{[4]},2,6,3] | |
26 | x | [4,3^{1,1},2,6,3] | |
27 | x | [4,3,4,2,6,3] |
There are no compact hyperbolic Coxeter groups of rank 6, groups that can generate honeycombs with all finite facets, and a finite vertex figure. However, there are 12 paracompact hyperbolic Coxeter groups of rank 6, each generating uniform honeycombs in 5-space as permutations of rings of the Coxeter diagrams.
= [3,3^{[5]}]: = [(3,3,4,3,3,4)]: |
= [4,3,3^{2,1}]: |
= [3,3,3,4,3]: |
= [3^{2,1,1,1}]: = [4,3,3^{1,1,1}]: |
Construction of the reflective 6-dimensional uniform polytopes are done through a Wythoff construction process, and represented through a Coxeter-Dynkin diagram, where each node represents a mirror. Nodes are ringed to imply which mirrors are active. The full set of uniform polytopes generated are based on the unique permutations of ringed nodes. Uniform 6-polytopes are named in relation to the regular polytopes in each family. Some families have two regular constructors and thus may have two ways of naming them.
Here's the primary operators available for constructing and naming the uniform 6-polytopes.
The prismatic forms and bifurcating graphs can use the same truncation indexing notation, but require an explicit numbering system on the nodes for clarity.
Operation | Extended Schläfli symbol |
Coxeter- Dynkin diagram |
Description |
---|---|---|---|
Parent | t_{0}{p,q,r,s,t} | Any regular 6-polytope | |
Rectified | t_{1}{p,q,r,s,t} | The edges are fully truncated into single points. The 6-polytope now has the combined faces of the parent and dual. | |
Birectified | t_{2}{p,q,r,s,t} | Birectification reduces cells to their duals. | |
Truncated | t_{0,1}{p,q,r,s,t} | Each original vertex is cut off, with a new face filling the gap. Truncation has a degree of freedom, which has one solution that creates a uniform truncated 6-polytope. The 6-polytope has its original faces doubled in sides, and contains the faces of the dual. | |
Bitruncated | t_{1,2}{p,q,r,s,t} | Bitrunction transforms cells to their dual truncation. | |
Tritruncated | t_{2,3}{p,q,r,s,t} | Tritruncation |