The Adjutant General's Corps, formerly the Adjutant General's Department, is a branch of the United States Army first established in 1775. This branch provides personnel service support by manning the force, providing human resources services, coordinating personnel support, Army band operations, and recruiting and retention. The objective of the Adjutant General Corps is to "maximize operational effectiveness of the total force by anticipating, manning, and sustaining military operations. HR support operations accomplish this by building, generating, and sustaining the force providing combatant commanders the required forces for missions and supporting leaders and Soldiers at all levels."
|Adjutant General's Corps|
|Active||16 June 1775|
|Home station||Fort Jackson, South Carolina|
|Motto(s)||"Defend and Serve"|
|Branch color||Dark Blue and Scarlet piping|
|BG Robert W. Bennett|
The Adjutant General's Corps dates back to the formation of the U.S. Army. Horatio Gates, a former British Army officer, is honored as the father of the Adjutant General's Corps. On 16 June 1775, the Continental Congress appointed him as the first Adjutant General to George Washington with the commission of a brigadier general. Historically, he was the second officer to receive a commission in the Continental Army, preceded only by George Washington. With that appointment, the second oldest existing branch of the Army was born.
General Gates' primary duty was to serve as key advisor and principal assistant to General Washington. Through his skill and ability, he organized the state militias into what became the Continental Army. Horatio Gates proved himself an able assistant as well as a competent field commander. Under his leadership, the Continental Army won the Battle of Saratoga – considered by many to be the turning point of the Revolutionary War. Following this important strategic victory over the British, the Continental Congress awarded what was then our nation's highest honor, the congressional gold medal. The use of the Horatio Gates bronze and gold medals, which recognize superior achievement and service to the Regiment, dates from this important event.
Adjutant General Corps officers served in the War of 1812. Two men in particular who served as the Adjutant General during this period rose to prominence. General Alexander Macomb gained fame by repulsing the British in the Battle of Plattsburgh, and later becoming the Commanding General of the Army. The other, Brigadier General Zebulon Pike, the famous explorer, died in battle while leading the attack on York, Canada.
With the appointment of Brevet Brigadier General Roger Jones in 1825, the office grew in importance. During his tenure, General Jones molded the office of the Adjutant General into the central bureau of the War Department. Adjutants General became the only officers invested with the authority to speak and sign official correspondence "for the commander".
Recognizing this, the Army began appointing West Point graduates almost exclusively as Adjutants General from 1839 through the early 1900s. The first two graduates so appointed, Samuel Cooper and Lorenzo Thomas, served with distinction as Adjutants General during the Civil War. Cooper served the Confederacy, while Thomas served the Union.
In 1861, two assistant Adjutants General, Major McDowell and Captain Franklin, drew up the plans to organize the more than 500,000 men who volunteered to fight for the Union. Their efforts, and others like them on both sides, built the massive armies of our Civil War years.
Following the Civil War, Brigadier General Edward D. Townsend took on the mission of compiling all the records of the war, both North and South. The Adjutant General's Department's "War of the Rebellion: Official Records" became an invaluable contribution to American military history. The department also discharged more than 800,000 men and enlisted 36,000 new recruits for the post Civil War Regular Army.
On 14 December 1872, the Adjutant General's Department adopted the old topographic engineer shield as its own branch insignia. The shield symbolized the Adjutant General's role of speaking "for the commander". Thirteen embossed stars replaced the "T.E." on the upper shield, creating the crest worn by all Adjutant General's Corps officers of today.
By the onset of the Spanish–American War in 1898, the Adjutant General's Office had evolved as the central coordinating bureau in the Army (continuing the legacy it developed during the Civil War). Major General William Harding Carter, under the direction of visionary Secretary of War Elihu Root, continued modernization efforts by implementing the general staff concept based upon European models. The Adjutant General's Department and the newly organized general staff evolved over the years as some functions were transferred and others modified. Several functions, formally part of the Adjutant General's Office, now evolved into independent staff agencies after World War I. The Inspector General, the Provost Marshal, the Assistant Chief for Intelligence, and the Chief of Military History all owe their beginnings to The Adjutant's General Office.
During World War II, more than 15,000 officers, soldiers, and civilians served in the Office of the Adjutant General. By the end of the war, the Adjutant General's Corps processed more than six million soldiers back into civilian life. In what has been described as one of the most successful administrative tasks ever carried out, the AG Corps processed nearly one-half million discharges a month in accomplishing this difficult mission.
Since World War II, the Adjutant General's Corps has been combat tested on several far-flung battlefields such as Korea, Vietnam, Grenada, Panama, and, most recently, in the Persian Gulf War (Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm). AG soldiers mobilized 139,207 reserve component soldiers (equating to 1,045 Reserve and National Guard units of all types), recalled 1,386 retirees to active duty, deployed 1,600 Army civilians to Southwest Asia, processed over 10,000 individual and unit replacements, and delivered more than 27,000 tons of mail to deployed Army forces.
The onset of the Global War on Terror shifted the paradigm to smaller scale engagements using asymmetric means and methods to attrite our forces, and our will, over longer duration conflicts. These new threats and perceived changes in the character of war drove the shift to “modularity” and to brigade combat teams (BCTs) vice Divisions as the combined arms building blocks. Before 2006, Human Resources (HR) operations was conducted primarily by Personnel Detachments, Personnel Service Battalions (PSBs) and Personnel Groups under Personnel Commands (PERSCOMs) that coordinated with G1s at echelon. Replacement Battalions and Companies provided critical replacement management and oversight, as well as care and feeding, to individual replacements in addition to operating CONUS replacement centers if/when mobilized. Human Resources support to Divisional maneuver brigades was achieved through habitual relationships with supporting Personnel Service Battalions and subordinate detachments.
Execution of the modular force concept divested the division structure of its organic or assigned functional battalions and the corps of its separate brigades. The Army used these reductions as the bill payers to increase the organic capability of modular brigades. The Army HR community's response to this transformation was Personnel Services Delivery Redesign. Personnel Detachments, Personnel Service Battalions, Personnel Groups, Personnel Commands, and Replacement Battalions/Companies were deactivated as HR structure focused on empowering brigade and battalion commanders with robust S1 sections possessing organic assets and systems. Remaining HR force structure (SRC 12) was designed to be modular and operate within broader sustainment operations. The new HR force consisted of the Human Resources Sustainment Center at the Theater Sustainment Command; Human Resources Operations Branches within the Expeditionary Sustainment Command and Sustainment Brigade; Human Resources Company providing mission command for multifunction HR and Postal platoons; Theater Gateway Personnel Accountability Team at the APOD/SPOD; and Military Mail Terminal at the APOD/SPOD. These units plans, integrated, and executed HR services primarily needed only when deployed: casualty liaison, personnel accountability, and postal support.
The AG Corps has been impacted by several rounds of reductions in personnel authorizations over time with each corresponding reduction in overall force size. However, the economies of scale, promised consolidated efficiencies, and technical expert support from higher echelons have not kept pace to meet the sustained demand. Since FY2005 the AG Corp has experienced 4x reduction in personnel/structure compared to the Army overall. In 2005 there was 1 AG Corp soldier per 26 Soldiers and as of FY2022 that was down to 1 to 36 Soldiers.
A silver metal and enamel shield 1 inch in height on which are thirteen vertical stripes, 7 silver and 6 red; on a blue chief 1 large and 12 small silver stars. The basic design—the shield from the Coat of Arms of the United States—was adopted in 1872 as a solid shield of silver, bearing thirteen stars. In 1924, this design was authorized to be made in gold metal with the colors red, white, and blue in enamel. In December 1964, the insignia was changed to silver base metal with silver stars and silver and red enamel stripes. Branch Plaque The plaque design has the branch insignia in proper colors on a white background and the branch designation in silver letters. The rim is gold.
A silver color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches in height consisting of a shield blazoned: Azure (dark blue) within a border Gules, an inescutcheon paly of thirteen Argent and Gules, on a chief Azure a mullet Argent between a pattern of twelve of the like (as on The Adjutant General's insignia of branch), and enclosed in base by two laurel branches Or. Attached above the shield a silver scroll inscribed with the numerals "1775" in red and attached below the shield a silver triparted scroll inscribed "DEFEND AND SERVE" in dark blue. The Regimental Insignia was approved on 23 December 1986.
The coat of arms appears on the breast of a displayed eagle on the regimental flag. The coat of arms is: Azure (dark blue) within a bordure per bordure Argent and Gules, an inescutcheon paly of thirteen Argent and Gules; on a chief Azure a mullet Argent between a pattern of twelve of the like (as on The Adjutant General's Corps insignia of branch), all within a bordure Argent and enclosed in base by two laurel leaves Or. Displayed above the eagle's head is the crest (On a wreath of the colors Argent and Azure the numerals "1775" Gules.)
Dark blue and scarlet are branch colors of The Adjutant General's Corps. The inner white border signifies unity and the good conscience of those who have done their duty. The inner red, white and blue shield is the insignia of The Adjutant General's Corps and the gold laurel wreath around its base stands for excellence in accomplishing the mission. The "1775" in the crest is the year The Adjutant General's Corps was created. The color red symbolizes valor and the blood shed in our war for independence.
Dark blue piped with Scarlet. Dark Blue - 65012 cloth; 67126 yarn; PMS 539. Scarlet - 65006 cloth; 67111 yarn; PMS 200.
The pompons on the Adjutant Generals' caps were topped with white in 1851. The facings were listed in the specification for the Adjutant General's uniform in September 1915 as dark blue. In Circular number 70 dated 28 October 1936, the Adjutant General's Corps and the National Guard Bureau exchanged colors and the present colors were established for the Adjutant General's Corps. The blue used in the branch insignia is ultramarine blue rather than the branch color.
16 June 1775. The post of Adjutant General was established 16 June 1775, and has been continuously in operation since that time. The Adjutant General's Department, by that name, was established by the act of 3 March 1813 and was redesignated The Adjutant General's Corps in 1950.
Coordinate Personnel Support
Personnel Information Management
|Enlisted||Warrant Officer||Commissioned Officer|
As the principle human resources office of the U.S. Army, the G1 is responsible for development, management and execution of all manpower and personnel plans, programs and policies throughout the entire U.S. Army.
The United States Army Human Resources Command (Army HRC or simply HRC) is a command of the United States Army established in 2003 from the merger of the United States Total Army Personnel Command (PERSCOM) in Alexandria, Virginia and the United States Army Reserve Personnel Command (AR-PERSCOM) in St. Louis, Missouri. HRC is a direct reporting unit supervised by the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Personnel (DCS), G-1, focused on improving the career management potential of Army Soldiers by having a single agency manage Soldier schooling, promotions, awards, records, transfers, appointments, benefits, and retirement.
Internal human resources functions at the Battalion/Brigade/Division/Corps levels are handled by the S/G/J1 staff section whose purpose is to plan, provide, and coordinate the delivery of HR support, services, or information to all assigned and attached personnel. The Officer in Charge is the principal staff advisor to the Commander for all matters concerning personnel services.
Theater HR is focused on providing external personnel services to units and personnel in an area of operations.
The Human Resources Sustainment Center is a multi-functional element assigned to a Theater Sustainment Command that plans, integrates, and sustains personnel accountability, postal, and personnel systems integration for a theater of operations. It establishes and ensures functionality of the theater personnel database and the Postal Directory Address Database, and provides theater-wide assistance for HR systems issues. It is responsible for synchronizing replacement priorities within the sustainment enterprise and supports effective support relationships at echelon. It integrates and provides guidance and technical support for HR units executing personnel accountability and postal functions throughout the theater and monitors the execution of the theater gateway (TGPAT) and military mail terminal (MMT) missions. The HRSC will be reorganized into Theater Personnel Operations Center force design in 2024.
|1st HRSC||Active||21st Theater Sustainment Command||Kaiserslautern, Germany|
|8th HRSC||Active||8th Theater Sustainment Command||Fort Shafter, Hawaii|
|14th HSRC||Active||1st Sustainment Command (Theater)||Fort Knox, Kentucky|
|3th HRSC||Reserve||377th Theater Sustainment Command||Jackson, Mississippi|
|310th HRSC||Reserve||377th Theater Sustainment Command||Fort Jackson, South Carolina|
The Human Resources Operations Center is assigned to a Army Service Component Command, Corps, or Division and provides critical HR strength management capacity, technical expertise, analysis, assessment, training and assistance, as well as casualty, replacement, and postal planning capabilities. HROC's are currently only assigned to the Active Component. ASCC HROC's establish the Theater Casualty Information Center.
|2nd HROC||Active||2nd Infantry Division||Camp Red Cloud, Korea|
|4th HROC||Active||4th Infantry Division||Fort Carson, Colorado|
|5th HROC||Active||1st Armored Division||Fort Bliss, Texas|
|6th HROC||Active||1st Infantry Division||Fort Riley, Kansas|
|7th HROC||Active||3rd Infantry Division||Fort Stewart, Georgia|
|10th HROC||Active||10th Mountain Division||Fort Drum, New York|
|11th HROC||Active||101st Airborne Division||Fort Campbell, Kentucky|
|13th HROC||Active||III Corps||Fort Hood, Texas|
|18th HROC||Active||18th Airborne Corps||Fort Bragg, North Carolina|
|21st HROC||Active||25th Infantry Division||Scholfield Barracks, Hawaii|
|23rd HROC||Active||1st Cavalry Division||Fort Hood, Texas|
|31st HROC||Active||I Corps||Fort Lewis, Washington|
|118th HROC||Active||82nd Airborne Division||Fort Bragg, North Carolina|
The Human Resources Operations Branch is a organic branch of the Support Operations section in Sustainment brigades and Division Sustainment Brigades, and Distribution management Center in Expeditionary Sustainment Commands. The branch is the primary planning element for external HR support at echelon. It is responsible for planning, coordinating, integrating, and synchronizing personnel accountability, casualty, and postal operations missions within the area of operations.
Military Mail Terminal team coordinates, receives, and processes mail for a theater of operations. It is a technical element attached to the Human Resources Company responsible for the MMT mission.
|81st MMT||Active||1st Cavalry Division||Fort Hood, Texas|
|112th MMT||Active||593rd Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||JBLM, Washington|
|125th MMT||Active||82nd Airborne Division||Fort Bragg, North Carolina|
|316th MMT||Reserve||377th Theater Sustainment Command||Fort Totten, New York|
|806th MMT||Reserve||79th Theater Sustainment Command||March AFB, California|
Theater Gateway - Personnel Accountability Team coordinates and provides personnel accountability operations and database inputs as personnel enter, transit, and depart a theater of operations. It is a technical element attached to the Human Resources Company responsible for the Theater Gateway.
|9th TGPAT||Active||101st Airborne Division||Fort Campbell, Kentucky|
|52nd TGPAT||Active||10th Mountain Division||Fort Drum, New York|
|49th TGPAT||National Guard||Camp Denali, Alaska|
|138th TGPAT||National Guard||38th Infantry Division||Indianapolis, Indiana|
|633rd TGPAT||National Guard||Chicago, Illinois|
|814th TGPAT||Reserve||377th Theater Sustainment Command||Starkville, Mississippi|
|864th TGPAT||Reserve||377th Theater Sustainment Command||Coraopolis, Penn|
The Human Resources Company (HR CO) provides mission command, planning, logistics, and technical guidance to assigned platoons and teams. There are two variants: Division Sustainment Brigade (DSB) Human Resources Company and non-divisional Human Resources Company. The DSB HR CO provides baseline HR support to their assigned division with an emphasis on personnel accountability and casualty liaison operations. Non-divisional HR CO's are modular task organized as needed to perform personnel accountability, casualty liaison, and/or postal operations. Military Mail Terminal or Theater-Gateway Personnel Accountability Teams may be assigned or attached when the HR CO performs those missions.
|18th HR CO||Active||82nd Airborne Division||Fort Bragg, North Carolina||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|19th HR CO||Active||2nd Infantry Division||Korea||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|22nd HR CO||Active||4th Infantry Division||Fort Carson, Colorado||1x HR, 2x Postal|
|90th HR CO||Active||3rd Infantry Division||Fort Stewart, Georgia||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|101st HR CO||Active||101st Airborne Division||Fort Campbell, Kentucky||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|178th HR CO||Active||1st Armored Division||Fort Bliss, Texas||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|258th HR CO||Active||1st Infantry Division||Fort Riley, Kansas||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|259th HR CO||Active||25th Infantry Division||Schofield Barracks, Hawaii||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|502nd HR CO||Active||1st Cavalry Division||Fort Hood, Texas||1x HR, 2x Postal|
|510th HR CO||Active||10th Mountain Division||Fort Drum, New York||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|569th HR CO||Active||16th Sustainment Brigade||Germany||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|49th HR CO||National Guard||Sacramento, California||2x HR|
|105th HR CO||National Guard||Nashville, Tennessee||3x HR|
|147th HR CO||National Guard||Arden Hill, Minn||3x HR|
|149th HR CO||National Guard||Austin, Texas||2x HR|
|213rd HR CO||National Guard||Fort Indianatown Gap, Penn||3x HR|
|271st HR CO||Reserve||Puerto Rico||4x Postal, 1x HR|
|328th HR CO||Reserve||4th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Fort Sam Houston, Texas||2x Postal, 1x HR|
|350th HR CO||Reserve||4th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Grand Prairie, Texas||2x HR, 2x Postal|
|376th HR CO||Reserve||311th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Bell AFB, California||3x Postal, 1x HR|
|387th HR CO||Reserve||451st Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Wichita, Kansas||4x Postal, 2x HR|
|408th HR CO||Reserve||316th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Fort Totten, New York||3x Postal|
|444th HR CO||Reserve||316th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Pittsburgh, Penn||3x Postal|
|461st HR CO||Reserve||143rd Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Decatur, Georgia||3x HR, 2x Postal|
|478th HR CO||Reserve||364th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Fort Douglas, Utah||4x Postal|
|678th HR Co||Reserve||310th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Nashville, Tennessee||4x Postal|
|812th HR CO||Reserve||310th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Charlotte, North Carolina||4x Postal|
|847th HR CO||Reserve||103rd Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Fort Snelling, Minnesota||4x Postal, 1x HR|
|909th HR CO||Reserve||364th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Bothell, Washington||5x Postal|
|912th HR CO||Reserve||143rd Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Orlando, Florida||4x Postal|
|77th HR CO||Reserve||316th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Amherst, New York||5x Postal|
|442nd HR CO||Reserve||143rd Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Tallahassee, Florida||4x Postal|
|312th HR CO||Reserve||311th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||San Diego, California||3x Postal|
|63rd HR CO||Reserve||311th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Riverside, California||2x HR, 1x Postal|
|492nd HR CO||Reserve||316th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Millwood, West Virginia||4x Postal|
|650th HR CO||Reserve||364th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Helena, Montana||3x Postal|
|801st HR CO||Reserve||4th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Tulsa, OK||2x HR, 2x Postal|
|809th HR CO||Reserve||143rd Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Athens, Georgia||2x Postal, 3x HR|
|194th HR CO||Reserve||4th Sustainment Command (Expeditionary)||Bossier City, Louisiana||2x Postal, 1x HR|
Prior to Personnel Services Delivery Redesign the Adjutant General Corps force structure included:
The Adjutant General Corps is the proponent for the following Army publications:
FM 1-0 Human Resources Support
ATP 1-0.1 G1/AG and S1 Operations
ATP 1-0.2 Theater Human Resources Support