The United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin (in case citations, W.D. Wis.) is a federal court in the Seventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).
|United States District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin|
|Appeals to||Seventh Circuit|
|Established||June 30, 1870|
|Chief Judge||James D. Peterson|
|Officers of the court|
|U.S. Attorney||Timothy O'Shea (acting)|
|U.S. Marshal||Kim Gaffney|
The district was established on June 30, 1870.
The district comprises the following counties: Adams, Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Buffalo, Burnett, Chippewa, Clark, Columbia, Crawford, Dane, Douglas, Dunn, Eau Claire, Grant, Green, Iowa, Iron, Jackson, Jefferson, Juneau, La Crosse, Lafayette, Lincoln, Marathon, Monroe, Oneida, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, Portage, Price, Richland, Rock, Rusk, Sauk, St. Croix, Sawyer, Taylor, Trempealeau, Vernon, Vilas, Washburn and Wood.
As of April 26, 2017[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|11||Chief Judge||James D. Peterson||Madison||1957||2014–present||2017–present||—||Obama|
|10||District Judge||William M. Conley||Madison||1956||2010–present||2010–2017||—||Obama|
|8||Senior Judge||Barbara Brandriff Crabb||Madison||1939||1979–2010||1980–1996
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||James Campbell Hopkins||WI||1819–1877||1870–1877||—||—||Grant||death|
|3||Arthur Loomis Sanborn||WI||1850–1920||1905–1920||—||—||T. Roosevelt||death|
|4||Claude Zeth Luse||WI||1879–1932||1921–1932[Note 1]||—||—||Harding||death|
|5||Patrick Thomas Stone||WI||1889–1963||1933–1963||—||—||F. Roosevelt||death|
|6||David Rabinovitz||WI||1908–1986||1964[Note 2]||—||—||L. Johnson||not confirmed|
|7||James Edward Doyle||WI||1915–1987||1965–1980||1978–1980||1980–1987||L. Johnson||death|
|9||John C. Shabaz||WI||1931–2012||1981–2009||1996–2001||2009–2012||Reagan||death|
Chief judges have administrative responsibilities with respect to their district court. Unlike the Supreme Court, where one justice is specifically nominated to be chief, the office of chief judge rotates among the district court judges. To be chief, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position.
When the office was created in 1948, the chief judge was the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as chief judge. After August 6, 1959, judges could not become or remain chief after turning 70 years old. The current rules have been in operation since October 1, 1982.