United States v. Moalin


United States v. Moalin is a court case that was heard and decided by the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. It was an appeal by four Somali individuals that had been convicted based on data obtained through bulk telephone data collection by the National Security Agency.[1] The appeals court upheld their convictions, but also ruled that bulk telephone data collection by the National Security Agency, the details of which were leaked by Edward Snowden, was illegal.

United States v. Moalin
Seal of the United States Courts, Ninth Judicial Circuit.svg
CourtUnited States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
DecidedSeptember 2, 2020

The case proceeded slowly because of classified data, taking seven years.[2]

On September 2, 2020, a unanimous decision by the three-judge panel was published.[2] They ruled that bulk collection of telephone data was illegal because it violated the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.[3] They also ruled that it was possibly unconstitutional.[3]

However, this decision may not have had a major effect, because the bulk telephone data collection program involved in the case ended in 2015, and the program that replaced it was also shut down.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Appeals court rules NSA surveillance program exposed by Edward Snowden illegal". Salon. 2020-09-06. Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ a b "Court rules NSA phone snooping illegal — after 7-year delay". POLITICO. Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  3. ^ a b Rahman, Rema (2020-09-02). "Appeals court rules NSA's bulk phone data collection illegal". TheHill. Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  4. ^ "Surveillance program that gathered Americans' phone data was illegal, court finds". The Washington Post.