University of Bordeaux

Summary

The University of Bordeaux (French: Université de Bordeaux) is a public university located in southwestern France.

University of Bordeaux
Université de Bordeaux (33940726715).jpg
MottoSit lumine illustrant millennii.
Que la lumière illumine les millénaires.
TypePublic
Established1441; 581 years ago (1441)
Academic affiliations
AUF, EUA
Endowment892 million
PresidentDean Lewis
Academic staff
6,000 including 3,200 professors[1]
Students54,000[1]
Location,
France
Websitewww.u-bordeaux.com
Universität Bordeaux Logo.svg

It is a large university with several campuses located in its flagship city, as well as in the cities of Dax, Gradignan, Périgueux, Pessac, and Talence.[2] There are also several small teaching sites located in various other cities in the region, including in the city of Bayonne.

Across its many campuses, the University of Bordeaux counts more than 50,000 students, including more than 6,000 international students.[1]

The university is a member of the COMUE Aquitaine university group.

HistoryEdit

A first university during Roman AntiquityEdit

In 286, a university had been created by the Romans.[3] At this time, the city was an important administrative centre and the school had to train administrators. Only rhetoric and grammar were taught (including the study of classical texts). Ausonius and Sulpicius Severus were the two most famous teachers.

The modern universityEdit

The original Université de Bordeaux was established by the papal bull of Pope Eugene IV on 7 June 1441 when Bordeaux was an English town. The initiative for the creation of the university is attributed to Archbishop Pey Berland. It was originally composed of four faculties: arts, medicine, law, and theology. The law faculty later split into faculties of civil law and canon law. A professorship in mathematics was founded in 1591 by Bishop François de Foix, son of Gaston de Foix, Earl of Kendal. Irish clerical students at the Irish College in Bordeaux (1603-1793) would have had degrees awarded by the university.

In 1793, during the French Revolution, the National Convention abolished the university, and replaced it with the École centrale in 1796. In Bordeaux, this one was located in the former buildings of the College of Guyenne. Due to the lack of moral and religious teaching, and the revolutionary inclination of the École centrale, Napoleon reestablished the university in 1808.

On 10 July 1896 the Third Republic re-founded the university.

In 1970 the university was split into three universities: Bordeaux 1, Bordeaux 2, and Bordeaux 3. In 1995, Bordeaux 4 split off from Bordeaux 1.

In 2007 the universities were grouped together as Communauté d'universités et établissements d'Aquitaine.

From 1 January 2014, the universities of Bordeaux were reunited, except for Bordeaux 3 which chose not to take part to the merger.[4]

Notable alumniEdit

AcademiaEdit

ActivismEdit

BusinessEdit

LawEdit

Literature and journalismEdit

Performing artsEdit

PoliticsEdit

SciencesEdit

SportsEdit

Visual artsEdit

WinemakingEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Ressources".
  2. ^ "Découvrir les campus".
  3. ^ "Gallo-romains (-56 / 4e siècle)".
  4. ^ Université de Bordeaux
  5. ^ "Olivier le Peuch".

LiteratureEdit

  • International Dictionary of University Histories, Routledge, 2013, pp. 429–431.