V1500 Cygni or Nova Cygni 1975 was a bright nova occurring in 1975 in the constellationCygnus. It had the second highest intrinsic brightness of any nova of the 20th century, exceeded only by CP Puppis in 1942.
V1500 Cygni was discovered shining at an apparent brightness of magnitude 3.0 by Minoru Honda of Kurashiki, Japan on 29 August 1975. It had brightened to magnitude 1.7 on the next day, and then rapidly faded. It remained visible to the naked eye for about a week, and 680 days after reaching maximum the star had dimmed by 12.5 magnitudes.
The location of V1500 Cygni (circled in red)
It is an AM Herculis type star, consisting of a red dwarf secondary depositing a stream of material onto a highly magnetized white dwarf primary. The distance of the V1500 Cygni was calculated in 1977 by the McDonald Observatory at 1.95 kiloparsecs (6,360 light years). Additionally, V1500 Cyg was the first asynchronous polar to be discovered. This distinction refers to the fact that the white dwarf's spin period is slightly different from the binary orbital period.
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^ abSamus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/GCVS. Originally Published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1: B/gcvs. Bibcode:2009yCat....102025S.
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^Harrison, Thomas E.; Campbell, Ryan K. (2016). "The apparent synchronization of V1500 Cygni". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 459 (4): 4161. Bibcode:2016MNRAS.459.4161H. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw961.
^ abcdHarrison, Thomas E.; Campbell, Ryan K. (2018). "The detection of discrete cyclotron emission features in phase-resolved optical spectroscopy of V1500 Cygni". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 474 (2): 1572. arXiv:1711.01220. Bibcode:2018MNRAS.474.1572H. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2881. S2CID 118920468.
^Hachisu, Izumi; Kato, Mariko (2019). "A Light-curve Analysis of 32 Recent Galactic Novae: Distances and White Dwarf Masses". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 242 (2): 18. arXiv:1905.10655. Bibcode:2019ApJS..242...18H. doi:10.3847/1538-4365/ab1b43. S2CID 166228785.
^ abSchmidt, Gary D.; Liebert, James; Stockman, H. S. (1995). "Detection of the Hot White Dwarf in the Magnetic Nova V1500 Cygni with the Hubble Space Telescope". The Astrophysical Journal. 441: 414. Bibcode:1995ApJ...441..414S. doi:10.1086/175365.
^"V1500 Cyg (Nova Cygni 1975)". American Association of Variable Star Observers. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
^"V1500 Cyg (Nova Cygni 1975)". AAVSO. Retrieved 29 November 2020.
^Ferland, G. J. (1977). "The interstellar reddening and distance of Nova Cygni 1975 /V1500 Cygni/". Astrophysical Journal. 215: 873. Bibcode:1977ApJ...215..873F. doi:10.1086/155424.
^Stockman, H. S.; Schmidt, Gary D.; Lamb, D. Q. (1988). "V1500 Cygni - Discovery of a magnetic nova". The Astrophysical Journal. 332: 282. Bibcode:1988ApJ...332..282S. doi:10.1086/166652.